- Donor advised fund
A donor-advised fund is a charitable giving vehicle administered by a public charity and created for the purpose of managing charitable donations on behalf of an organization, family, or individual. A donor-advised fund offers the opportunity to create an easy-to-establish, low cost, flexible vehicle for charitable giving as an alternative to direct giving or creating a private foundation. Donors enjoy administrative convenience, cost savings, and tax advantages by conducting their grantmaking through the fund.
The New York Community Trust pioneered the development of donor-advised funds in 1931. Although the second such fund was not created until 1935, in the decades since the field has greatly expanded as commercial sponsors, educational institutions, and independent charities started offering the service. Donor-advised funds are the fastest growing charitable giving vehicle in the United States of America, with more than 152,000 donor-advised accounts established, holding over $25 billion in assets.
Because the fund is housed in a public charity, donors receive the maximum tax deduction available, while avoiding excise taxes and other restrictions imposed on private foundations. Further, donors do not incur the cost of establishing and administering a private foundation, including staffing and legal fees. Since the maximum tax deduction is received by the donor at the time of the gift, the foundation administering the fund gains full control over the contribution, granting the donor advisory status. As such, they are not legally bound to the donor, but make grants to other public charities upon the donor's recommendation. Most foundations that offer donor advised funds will only make grants from these funds to other public charities, and will usually perform due diligence to verify the grantee's tax-exempt status.
Current U.S. tax law allows the donor of appreciated securities or other assets to get a tax deduction for the market value of the donation and avoid capital gains taxes. This double tax advantage can make donating appreciated assets to a charitable organization more attractive than selling the assets and donating cash. By donating appreciated assets to a donor advised fund and then advising the fund to make donations to several charities, one can reap these tax advantages without the hassle and paperwork of transferring non-cash assets to several organizations. This combination of convenience and full tax advantage is one reason that donor advised funds are used.
While private foundations in the United States are heavily regulated by the Internal Revenue Service, including rules on oversight and minimum annual payouts, donor advised funds housed in public charities are not subject to the same tax restrictions. On August 17, 2006, President Bush signed the Pension Protection Act of 2006 (H.R. 4) into law, which includes a number of changes to the regulatory framework for donor-advised funds, and follows both House and Senate passage of H.R. 4. The sections dealing with donor-advised funds include:
- Legal definition of a donor-advised fund.
- A list of prohibited payments to donors and advisers to donor-advised fund.
- New rules about what grants can be made from donor-advised funds.
- The documentation required for all contributions to donor-advised funds.
Tax Efficiency Example
The following example is taken from Vanguard’s marketing material for their plan:
Suppose you have 1,000 shares of stock that you purchased 15 years ago (thus, you’re in long term capital gains territory). Assume that you purchased the stock for $10 per share and it is now worth $100 per share. Now, let’s compare the cost to the donor of making a contribution of $100,000 to a charity of your choice. We assume a 35% income tax rate and 15% long term capital gains tax rate.
Option 1: Contribute cash from sale of securities
- Immediate cost of donation: $100,000
- Capital gains tax incurred: $13,500 (15% times ($100k minus $10k))
- Income tax saved: ($35,000) (35% times $100k)
Net cost to donor: $78,500
Option 2: Contribute appreciated securities to donor advised fund
- Immediate cost of donation: $100,000
- Capital gains tax incurred: NA (15% times $100k minus $10k)
- Income tax saved: ($35,000) (35% times $100k)
Net cost to donor: $65,000
Thus, you can effectively contribute $100,000 to the public charity of your choice for $13,500 less in actual donor cost by using the donor advised fund. This example does not acknowledge that the same tax advantage would be obtained if one were to donate the appreciated securities directly to a 501(c)(3) charity, whether it was a donor-advised fund or not, as the charity then sells the assets and the capital gains are avoided.
Find a community foundation near you
-  Community Foundations Locator
List of largest commercial brokerage-run donor advised funds
- Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund (Fidelity Investments) - US$4.7 billion (December 2007)
- Schwab Charitable Fund (Charles Schwab) - US$3.07 billion (December 2010).
- Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program (The Vanguard Group) - US$1.70 billion (December 2007)
- The National Christian Foundation US$1.1 billion (December 2008).
- Eaton Vance's Charitable Giving Program (Eaton Vance) - US$349 million (March 2010)
- The T. Rowe Price Program for Charitable Giving (T. Rowe Price) - US$95 million (December 2010)
List of Donor Advised Giving Programs
- American Endowment Foundation A national independent Donor Advised Giving Program
- Barnabas Foundation
- California Community Foundation in Los Angeles.
- Combined Jewish Philanthropies of Greater Boston, with over 500 Donor Advised Funds with assets of $213 million under management as of April 2010, offers low minimum investment and management fees.
- Dechomai Foundation A national donor-advised fund that accepts and liquidates donations of non-cash assets (real estate, limited partnerships, closely held stock, restricted stock, S-Corp stock, life insurance, notes and other unusual assets subject to Board approval) then grants net proceeds to charities that donors advise.
- Emporia State University's Donor Advised Funds Program (Emporia State University)
- FJC A Foundation of Philanthropic Funds A national foundation of donor advised funds and other programs
- Jewish Communal Fund
- Jewish Community Foundation of Southern Arizona
- The National Christian Foundation
- National Philanthropic Trust accepts the widest range of assets, allows donors to recommend grants to charities throughout the U.S. and around the world, provides best-in-class investment options for charitable gifts, and the opportunity for donors to establish a philanthropic legacy for generations.
- The Renaissance Charitable Gift Fund An independent Donor Advised Fund
- RSF Social Finance is a nonprofit, public charity
- Tides Foundation's core philanthropic services are Donor Advised Funds.
- The U.S. Charitable Gift Trust is a public charity that offers simple and structured planned giving vehicles through its Donor Advised and Pooled Income Funds. The tax exempt status allows us to provide the same tax benefits as a conventional charity while also providing Donors with lifelong income and/or the ability to support their favorite charities on their own time frame.
- United Way Worldwide's International Donor Advised Giving Program (United Way Worldwide)
- ^ http://www.wsfoundation.org/netcommunity/page.aspx?pid=825
- ^ http://www.nptrust.org/resources/statistics/
- ^ a b Kathleen M. McBride (December 2007). "Give, Wisely". Investment Advisor. http://www.advisorone.com/2007/12/01/give-wisely. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
- National Philanthropic Trust, Donor Advised Fund Report
- Elfreena Foord, Philanthropy 101: Donor-Advised Funds
- Analysis of S. 2020 The Tax Relief Act of 2005
- Pension Protection Act of 2006 (H.R. 4)
Topics related to charity Main topics Organization types Additional topics
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
donor-advised fund — UK US noun [C] US SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY, FINANCE ► a financial service that manages and distributes money that a person or company gives to charities in a way that reduces costs and taxes: »Donor advised funds relieve philanthropists of many of… … Financial and business terms
Donor Advised Fund — A private fund administered by a third party and created for the purpose of managing charitable donations on behalf of an organization, family, or individual. Donor advised funds have become increasingly popular. They offer the donor ease of… … Investment dictionary
Crossroads Fund — The Crossroads Fund is a Chicago based public foundation that supports community organizations working for social and economic justice in the Chicago area. It is a member of a national network of grantmakers called the Funding Exchange… … Wikipedia
New Israel Fund — Type Non profit NGO Tax ID No. 94 8607722 Founded … Wikipedia
Supporting organization (charity) — A supporting organization, in the United States, is a public charity created by the U.S. Internal Revenue Code in [http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/uscode26/usc sec 26 00000509 000 .html 26 USCA 509(a)(3)] . A supporting organization either… … Wikipedia
Charity gift card — A charity gift card allows a gift giver to make a charitable donation that the gift recipient may direct to the charity of their choice. Although a charity gift card has many similarities to a store gift card, a charity gift card functions quite… … Wikipedia
Bring Light — Infobox Company company name = Bring Light, Inc. company company type = Private foundation = flagicon|USA Cupertino, California, USA (November 14, 2006) location city = Cupertino, California location country = USA key people = Melissa Dyrdahl,… … Wikipedia
Goldman Sachs — ] The company also has been on Fortune Magazine s 100 Best Companies to Work For list since the list was launched in 1998. [cite news|title=100 Best Companies to Work 2007, All Stars|url=http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/bestcompanies/2007/al… … Wikipedia
National Philanthropic Trust — Contents 1 Mission 2 Financial Overview 3 Philanthropic Services 4 External links 5 References … Wikipedia
Gulf Coast Community Foundation of Venice — Infobox Non profit| Non profit name = Gulf Coast Community Foundation of Venice Non profit Non profit type = founded date = 1995|left founder = location = Venice, FL origins = key people = area served = focus = method = revenue = endowment = num… … Wikipedia