airline =British Midland Airways
logo =BMI logo.svg
fleet_size=54 [cite web|url=http://www.flybmi.com/bmi/en-gb/about-bmi/the-fleet.aspx|title=Jet Aircraft Fleet|publisher=BMI|accessdate=2008-09-06] (+4 orders)
destinations=51 (incl. bmi regional)
parent=British Midland PLC
founded=1949 (as Derby Aviation Limited)
Castle Donington, England, United Kingdom
key_people=Nigel Turner (
Sir Michael BishopCBE ( Chairman)
London Heathrow Airport
George Best Belfast City Airport
frequent_flyer=bmi Diamond Club
lounge=Diamond Club Lounge
website= [http://www.flybmi.com/bmi/en-gb/index.aspx?utm_source=en.wikipedia.org&utm_medium=smm&utm_content=bmi:infobox http://www.flybmi.com]
British Midland Airways Limited or BMI, styled as bmi (the company's trademark, formerly operated as British Midland), is a scheduled
airlinebased in Donington Hall in Castle Donington, England, United Kingdom," [http://www.flybmi.com/bmi/en-gb/planning-and-information/customer-service/contact-us.aspx Contact us] ." "BMI". Accessed 23 September 2008.] close to East Midlands Airport. The airline flies to destinations in Europe, North America, the Caribbean, the Middle East, Africaand Central Asiawhilst its operational bases are Manchester Airportand London Heathrow Airportwhere it holds 12% of all take off and landing slots and operates over 2,000 flights a week. In January 2007, BMI bought British Mediterranean Airwayswhich has enabled it to serve a wider range of mid-haul destinations.
British Midland Airways Limited holds a United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority Type A Operating Licence, it is permitted to carry passengers, cargo and mail on aircraft with 20 or more seats. [ [http://www.caa.co.uk/default.aspx?categoryid=183&pagetype=90&pageid=340 CAA Operating Licence] ]
The airline dates back to the formation of Derby Aviation Limited on the 16 February 1949. Derby Aviation was a subsidiary of Air Schools Limited which had been formed in 1938 to train pilots for the RAF. In 1949, the company formed both Derby Aviation based at Burnaston near
Derbyand Wolverhampton Aviation based at Pendeford, near Wolverhampton offering ad-hoc charter and freight flights with De Havilland Dragon Rapides, as well as aircraft maintenance and brokerage. [British Independent Airline & Operators Since 1946 by T Merton Jones April 1972]
Flying instruction ceased in 1953 with the start of scheduled flights from
Derbyand Wolverhamptonto Jersey. When the first Douglas DC-3arrived in 1955, Wolverhampton Aviation had been phased out and the company's sole base became Burnaston Airport. International services commenced in 1956 to Ostendand holiday flights to mainland Europe began. The company was also contracted by Rolls-Royce to transport aero engines to customers throughout the world. In 1959, the company changed its name to Derby Airways. Domestic scheduled flights within the United Kingdom were launched toward the end of the decade.
On 1 October 1964 the company changed its name to British Midland Airways (BMA) and moved operations from Burnaston to the recently opened
East Midlands Airport. The corporate colours of blueand whitewere adopted at that time, with the introduction of the first turbopropaircraft, the Handley Page Herald. Minster Assets, an investment and banking group, acquired the airline in 1968. Domestic and European expansion continued apace and in 1970 BMA entered the jet age with the introduction of the BAC 1-11, followed by the Boeing 707in 1971. The BAC 1-11s were withdrawn from service in 1972 and the 707s leased to other airlines as BMA concentrated on turboprops such as the Vickers Viscountwhich was operated from 1967 until the mid 1980s. Though the 707 fleet was increased, none operated for BMA on scheduled services, or charter services on their behalf until 1981. Instead they were leased to other operators. The Douglas DC-9gradually converted most of the airline's domestic and European service to jet operation with its introduction in 1976.
In 1978, the company directors purchased the airline from Minster Assets. The consortium included Sir Michael Bishop who is now the airline's chairman. That year, British Midland and
British Airwaysagreed to route swapping. This resulted in British Midland Airways relinquishing its continental routes from Birminghamto Brusselsand Frankfurtand BA handing over its routes from Liverpoolto Heathrow, Belfast, Dublin, Jersey, the Isle of Manand Glasgow. Annual passenger numbers topped 1 million for the first time in 1979.
In 1981, an application to fly between Heathrow, Glasgow and
Edinburghwas denied by the CAA. The ruling was overturned, however, after an appeal was lodged with the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry. With the introduction of these services, BMA and BA were now in direct competition.
BMA, together with British & Commonwealth Shipping, formed
Manx Airlinesin 1982, and the following year BMA purchased a 75% stake in Glasgow-based airline Loganair. In March 1987, Airlines of Britain Holdings (ABH) was formed to act as a holding company for British Midland and British Midland Aviation Services. ABH became British Midland in 1997 when it was de-merged as part of wide restructuring.
A new colour scheme was unveiled in 1985. Aircraft were now painted in very dark blue, with a deep grey lower half of the
fuselageand a redrelief. At this time, the airline simply became British Midland, and a new logo of a stylised red BM crowned with a diamond shape appeared on the aircraft tailfins "(see right)". Airport lounges were introduced at UK hubs and the Diamond Club frequent flyer programme was launched. The charter market was abandoned and the 707 fleet withdrawn at this time.
In 1992, British Midland became the first airline to offer a
vegetarianchoice of in-flight meals on UK domestic services as well as one of the first airlines in Europe to do so. Towards the end of the 1990s, British Midland switched to Airbus and Embraerfor its fleet renewal programme.
In 1999, Scandinavian Airlines (SAS), a shareholder in British Midland since 1987, sold some of its stake to Lufthansa on the condition that British Midland joined the
Star Alliance. BMI joined in 2000 and launched a new corporate identity in 2001. This involved the rebranding of the airline as BMI British midland (though BMI officially does not mean anything, it would imply 'British Midland International' or 'British MIdland'). The new identity features a brighter blue, the replacement of the grey with whiteand a fading Union Jack flag on the tail with "bmi" on it. In 2003, "British Midland" was dropped from the name and the airline is now referred to simply as BMI, although the legal name of the company remains British Midland Airways Limited. The new identity coincided with the launch of transatlantic services in 2001 to Washington, DCand Chicagofrom Manchester Airportusing wide-body Airbus A330aircraft. Services from Manchesterto Las Vegas followed soon after.
Despite the launch of transatlantic routes from
Manchester, BMI has fought to gain the rights to serve the United States from Heathrow. Only British Airways, Air India, Virgin Atlantic, American Airlines, United Airlines, US Airways, Air New Zealand, and Kuwait Airwaysare permitted to offer such routes.
BMI operated a service to
Mumbaifrom London Heathrow between May 2005 until October 2006, after the UK and India concluded amendments to their bilateral air service agreement. Services to Riyadhfollowed, commencing on 1 September 2005 after British Airwaysceased to serve Saudi Arabiaearlier that year.
The BMI Group carried 7.95 million passengers during 2002. By 2005, the total had risen to 10.1 million, the third highest of any UK airline. [
United Kingdom Civil Aviation AuthorityPassenger statistics for UK airlines, 2002 and 2005, table 0.1.6.] In early 2006, the Association of European Airlines[ [http://www.aea.be/AEAWebsite/DataFiles/Pr06-010.pdf Association of European Airlines] ] reported a drop in passengers carried and load factors for BMI mainline and regional services (excluding Bmibaby) whilst reporting increased loads for other AEA members over the same period. Despite this drop in passenger figures, BMI group reported [ [http://www.flybmi.com/bmi/en-gb/aboutbmi/presscentre/pressreleases.aspx?year=2006&rid=886BMI Press Release - 2005 Profits] ] a pre-tax profit of £10 million for the year ending 31 December 2005.
In late 2006 BMI launched a scheduled service to Moscow Domodedevo in co-operation with Transaero on 29 October 2006 with a dedicated A320 (G-MIDO) with special seating for the service, including leather seats and a 40" seat pitch.
In 2002, BMI set up a low-cost subsidiary
Bmibabyusing Boeing 737s which were displaced after BMI's fleet renewal programme favoured an all-Airbus fleet. Bmibaby now flies routes between secondary airports around Europe, and does not operate from Heathrow.
In January 2007, BMI bought
British Mediterranean Airways, [ [http://www.flybmi.com/bmi/en-gb/aboutbmi/presscentre/pressreleases.aspx?year=2007&rid=1082 news and press releases | bmi ] ] ( BMED) a British Airways franchise partner, and as a result has gained access to new markets in Africa, Middle Eastand Central Asiathat were served by the carrier. As part of the deal to buy BMED, BMI sold BMED's Heathrow slots to British Airwaysfor £30 million. These are due to be handed over to British Airwaysin late 2008/2009. This means that they will have to reduce some of their other flights to fit the former BMEDflights in to the schedule in 2009. BMEDwas fully integrated into bmi on 28th October 2007.
BMI has a
frequent flyerprogramme called Diamond Club with blue, blue plus, silver and gold levels. Awards are achieved by mileage flown, accommodation, parking or car hire booked via their website and BMI branded credit card expenditure. Extra monthly bonus mileage is given at Silver and Gold Diamond Club as a loyalty incentive. Before April 2003, the system operated on a point-based scheme, which was deemed too complicated and was moved to a mileage-based programme. [http://www.flybmi.com/bmi/en-gb/aboutbmi/presscentre/pressreleases.aspx?year=2003&rid=192 BMI press release, 30/04/2003]
Four tiers of membership exist for the BMI Diamond club:Blue (Entry level) - no entry requirementsBlue Plus - requires 3000 membership status miles to be earned within 12 monthsSilver (Star Alliance Silver) - requires 16,000 membership status miles to be earned within 12 monthsGold (Star Alliance Gold) - requires 38,000 membership status miles to be earned within 12 months
Same mileage requirements apply for the retention of the membership tier. Membership status miles can be earned on BMI and Star Alliance flights only.
Benefits on each tier include:
Blue membership - Earning of frequent flyer miles- Spending miles on flights - both on an all mile basis and on a 'cash plus miles' basis
Blue Plus membership- Same benefits of Blue and:- Complimentary food on BMI domestic flights operating in and out of London Heathrow- Discounts off parking and car hire
Silver membership- Same benefits of Blus plus and:- Star Alliance Silver membership- Access to BMI Diamond Club and business lounges (when flying on BMI) plus certain lounges abroad- 25% destinations miles bonus each month (on base miles)- Car hire upgrade voucher- Priority business check in- Priority ticket sales and standby- 20 kg additional baggage allowance (BMI operated flights)- Guaranteed business class booking 48 hours in advance on BMI operated flights
Gold membership- Same benefits of Silver and:- Star Alliance Gold membership- Access to Star Alliance gold lounges, regardless of fare - Four free upgrade vouchers when purchasing a flight (subject to availability)- Extra hold luggage allowance - Priority luggage delivery - Handbaggage and telephone check-in - Use of manned check-in desks regardless of fare - A dedicated gold card enquiry line for bookings, enquiries and requests - Shorter advance notice on bmi free flight redemptions (three working days instead of the usual five) - Upgrades on bmi award flights to the business cabin (or premium economy cabin on longhaul services) for the member and companion- A monthly destinations bonus of 35% on bmi flights - partner flights will continue to earn 25%- lifetime gold membership if Gold Diamond Club status for 10 consecutive years has been achieved [http://www.flybmi.com/bmi/en-gb/reward-schemes/diamond-club/membership-benefits/membership-benefits.aspx]
In 1999, Scandinavian Airlines (SAS), a shareholder in British Midland since 1987, sold some of its stake to
Lufthansaon the condition that British Midland joined the Star Alliance. BMI joined in 2000 and launched a new corporate identity in 2001.
Between 1999 and 2004, Lufthansa was looking to sell its share in the airline. Virgin Atlantic was the main airline hoping to buy the shares and then forming a merger of the two airlines. A merger would bring together two well respected airlines with combined ticket sales of more than £2 billion, forming a powerful force in the aviation industry. Neither company would comment on the talks. BMI, headed by Sir Michael Bishop, is believed to have initiated the talks after it fell deep into the red following the
September 11, 2001 attacks. A merger would give Virgin's Sir Richard Bransona far stronger base at Heathrow (where BMI has hundreds of valuable take-off and landing slots) to increase the competition with his rival British Airways.
The two airlines would have 17% of Heathrow slots against British Airways's 43%. British Airways was worried about the rivalry it would face if a
mergerwent ahead, and considered the takeover of either BMI or Virgin Atlantic to stop the merger of the two airlines. British Airways concluded it would be easier to take over the smaller airline Virgin Atlantic. In 2004, talks of any merger of the three airlines stopped.
In late 2006 the airline again dismissed renewed speculation that Virgin Atlantic Airways was preparing to make a bid to acquire full control of BMI, despite Sir Richard Branson repeating in a radio interview that such a merger would be a logical business move [
Airliner WorldJanuary 2007] .
In June 2007, SAS announced that it would sell its 20% stake to improve its own group profits. The airline commented that it was in early discussions with Lufthansa over such a sale. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/6751829.stm BBC NEWS | Business | SAS seeks buyers for BMI holding ] ]
In April 2008 Lufthansa announced plans to take over BMI. Lufthansa already own 30% minus 1 share of BMI and has an option to purchase shares from the 50% plus 1 share holding of chairman Sir Michael Bishop from December 2008 to June 2009. [ [http://www.aviationnow.com/aw/generic/story_generic.jsp?channel=aviationdaily&id=news/LUFT04288.xml&headline=Lufthansa%20To%20Take%20Over%20BMI Lufthansa To Take Over BMI | AVIATION WEEK ] ]
The BMI fleet consists of the following aircraft, at September 2008 [ [http://www.caa.co.uk/application.aspx?catid=60&pagetype=65&appid=1&mode=summary&owner=British%20Midland United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority Aircraft Register] ] :
*Premium Economy is only available on A330-200 aircraft on select routes
Business Class on A330-200 now features fully lie flat beds.
On 10 July 2007, BMI ordered 5 A330-200 and 5 A321 aircraft from Airbus [ [http://www.challenges.fr/actualites/business/20070710.CHA7407/bmi_commande_dix_appareils_a_airbus.html bmi commande dix appareils à Airbus(FR)] Accessed on 11 July 2007] , however the orders for the A330s have since been postponed due to lack of engine compatibility in the market. fact|date=February 2008
In March 2008, the average fleet age was 5.9 years [ [http://www.airfleets.net/ageflotte/?file=calcop&opp=bmi%20British%20Midland BMI Fleet Age] ]
codeshareagreements with the following airlines as of July 2007: [ [http://www.flybmi.com/bmi/en-us/aboutbmi/keyfacts.aspx bmi Key Facts] (29 March, 2007)]
Note: This list includes
Incidents & accidents
Stockport Air Disaster: a Canadair C-4 Argonaut aircraft owned by British Midland Airways, registration G-ALHG, and operating a holiday charter flight, crashed near the centre of Stockport, Greater Manchester, United Kingdomon 4 June 1967. 72 of the 84 aboard were killed in the accident; 12 were seriously injured.
Kegworth air disaster: on 8 January 1989 a British Midland Flight 092, a Boeing 737-400 registered G-OBME, crashed onto the embankment of the M1 motorway just short of the runway of East Midlands Airport, Leicestershire. 47 people died out of 118 passengers.
* [http://www.flybmi.com/bmi/en-gb/index.aspx?utm_source=en.wikipedia.org&utm_medium=smm&utm_content=external_links BMI official website]
* [http://www.bmivoyager.com Voyager official website]
* [http://www.frequentflyerbonuses.co.uk Diamond Club Bonus Mile Offers]
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