Grace Holmes Carlson (
November 13, 1906– July 7, 1992) was an American Communistpolitician. Born in St. Paul, Minnesota, Carlson was raised in local Catholic schools. [ [http://www.mnhs.org/library/findaids/00215.html GRACE CARLSON: An Inventory of Her Papers at the Minnesota Historical Society ] ] As a leading member of the Socialist Workers Party she was imprisoned in 1941 under the Smith Acttogether with many other SWP leaders for opposing the US involvement in World War II. After her 16 month prison sentence, she became an activist for better conditions for women prisoners.
Grace Carlson was the Socialist Workers Party candidate for Senate in Minnesota in 1940 [ [http://www.mnhs.org/library/findaids/00215.html GRACE CARLSON: An Inventory of Her Papers at the Minnesota Historical Society ] ] , receiving almost 9,000 votes. [ [http://www.marxists.org/archive/cannon/works/1942/militant.htm James P. Cannon: Attack on "Militant" (November 1942) ] ] She ran as the Socialist Workers Party vice presidential candidate in 1948 with
Farrell Dobbsand ran again as a U.S. House of Reperesentatives candidate for Minnesota's 5th district 1950 [ [http://www.mnhs.org/library/findaids/00632.html SOCIALIST WORKERS PARTY. MINNESOTA SECTION: An Inventory of Its Records at the Minnesota Historical Society ] ] .
She had been a professor of psychology at the
University of Minnesota. [http://time-proxy.yaga.com/time/archive/preview/0,10987,779941,00.html]
She left the SWP in 1952 citing conflict with her
Catholicbeliefs. James Cannon, the central leader of the SWP famously penning the article 'How We Won Grace Carlson and How We Lost Her' following her resignation.
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