In chess, connected pawns are two or more pawns of the same color on adjacent files, as distinct from isolated pawns. These pawns are instrumental in creating pawn structure because, when diagonally adjacent, like the two rightmost white pawns, they form a pawn chain, a chain where the one behind protects the one in front. When attacking these chains, the weak spot is the backmost pawn, because it is not protected (Seirawan 2003:186) (Seirawan 2005:92).
Connected pawns that are both passed, i.e., without any enemy pawns in front of them on the same file or adjacent files, are referred to as connected passed pawns. Such pawns can be very strong in the endgame, especially if supported by other pieces. Often the opponent must sacrifice material to prevent one of the pawns from promoting.
Connected passed pawns are usually superior to other passed pawns. An exception is in an opposite-colored bishops endgame with a bishop and two pawns versus a bishop on the opposite color. If the pawns are not beyond their fifth rank the game is a draw whereas widely-separated pawns would win.
Two connected pawns on the same rank without any friendly pawns on adjacent files are called hanging pawns.
- Seirawan, Yasser (2005), Winning Chess Tactics, Everyman Chess, ISBN 1-85744-385-3
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Doubled pawns — a b c d e f g h … Wikipedia
Opposite-colored bishops endgame — The … Wikipedia
Passed pawn — a b c d e f g h … Wikipedia
Glossary of chess — See also: Outline of chess and Glossary of chess problems This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order. Some of these have their own pages, like fork and pin. For a list of unorthodox chess pieces, see fairy chess… … Wikipedia
List of chess terms — This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order. Some of these have their own pages, like fork and pin. For a list of unorthodox chess pieces, see fairy chess piece; for a list of terms specific to chess problems, see chess… … Wikipedia
Opposite colored bishops endgame — About half of these positions are drawn. In most other endings, a two pawn advantage is usually an easy win. For example, if the bishops were on the same color, 90 percent of the positions would be wins.There are three general cases, depending on … Wikipedia
Chess endgame — In chess and chess like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when there are few pieces left on the board. The line between middlegame and endgame is often not clear, and may occur gradually or with the quick… … Wikipedia
Chess strategy — is the aspect of chess playing that is concerned with the evaluation of chess positions and the setting of goals and long term plans for future play. While evaluating a position strategically, a player must take into account such factors as the… … Wikipedia
Outline of chess — A game of chess, in the starting position. See also: Glossary of chess and Index of chess articles The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chess: Chess – two player board game played on a chessboard, a square … Wikipedia
Pawn (chess) — For other uses, see Pawn (disambiguation). Pawn in the standard Staunton pattern The pawn (♙♟) is the most numerous and (in most circumstances) weakest piece in the game of chess, historically representing infantry, or more particularly armed… … Wikipedia