Prosopis pubescens


Prosopis pubescens

Taxobox
name = "Prosopis pubescens"



image_width = 250px
image_caption = Mature fruit (beans or legumes) of "Prosopis pubescens"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Fabales
familia = Fabaceae
subfamilia = Mimosoideae
tribus = Mimoseae
genus = "Prosopis"
species = "P. pubescens"
binomial = "Prosopis pubescens"

"Prosopis pubescens" (Screwbean Mesquite), is a small tree or shrub found in the southwestern United States (Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, California, southern Nevada and Utah) and Mexico. It has light brown bark, usually short, straight spines (1-3 cm), twice-compound leaves, and numerous, small, yellowish flowers appearing in elongate spikes. It is found along streams and valleys in deserts particularly in damp or saline soil, and grows to about 7 meters (20 ft). The tree is also called "Tornillo" or simply "Screwbean". The name arises because the tightly twisted legumes very much resemble a turned screw. This morphology may have been an evolutionary defense against seed predators such as bruchid beetles (bean weevils).


Inflorescence of "Prosopis pubescens"

Uses

Food

Like those of other mesquites, screwbean has nutritious pods that can be eaten. Mesquite meal is a traditional Native American food. Used as a staple food for centuries by desert dwellers, this high protein meal contains good quantities of calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron and zinc, and is rich in the amino acid lysine as well. Mesquite is high in fiber, moderate in sugar, and eight percent protein. It has a sweet, rich, molasses-like flavor with a hint of caramel which blends well into smoothies or other drinks, especially those made with cacao and maca.

Approximate Nutritional Value of Mesquite Pod MealAmt/100gProtein 16 gFat 3.4 gCalories 380Fiber 36 g

Minerals: Barium 3.7 mgBoron 3.2 mgCalcium 520 mgChromium 0.12 mgCobalt 0.03 mgCopper 0.8 mgIron 18 mgMagnesium 140 mgManganese 2.3 mgMolybdenum 0.05 mgPhosphorus 215 mgPotassium 1712 mgSodium 12 mgSulfur 222 mgZinc 3.0 mg

External links

* [http://plants.usda.gov/java/largeImage?imageID=prpu_001_ahp.jpgPhoto: NRCS: USDA Plants Profile] , Photo #2: [http://plants.usda.gov/java/largeImage?imageID=prpu_002_ahp.tif] , Range: [http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PRPU] , AZ: [http://plants.usda.gov/java/county?state_name=Arizona&statefips=04&symbol=PRPU] , NM: [http://plants.usda.gov/java/county?state_name=New%20Mexico&statefips=35&symbol=PRPU]

References

* National Audubon Society, Field Guide to Trees, Western Region, North America, 1980, pg. 501.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Prosopis pubescens —   Prosopis pubescens …   Wikipedia Español

  • Prosopis pubescens — gauruotasis algarobas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Mimozinių šeimos medingas augalas (Prosopis pubescens), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Prosopis pubescens angl. screw bean šaltinis Valstybinės lietuvių kalbos komisijos… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Prosopis pubescens — Mesquite Mes*qui te (m[e^]s*k[=e] t[asl]), Mesquit Mes*quit (m[e^]s*k[=e]t ), n. [Sp. mezquite; said to be a Mexican Indian word.] (Bot.) Aany of several small spiny trees or shrubs of the southwestern part of North America belonging to the genus …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prosopis pubescens — Screw Screw (skr[udd]), n. [OE. scrue, OF. escroue, escroe, female screw, F. [ e]crou, L. scrobis a ditch, trench, in LL., the hole made by swine in rooting; cf. D. schroef a screw, G. schraube, Icel. skr[=u]fa.] 1. A cylinder, or a cylindrical… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prosopis pubescens — ID 67913 Symbol Key PRPU Common Name screwbean mesquite Family Fabaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AZ, CA, NM, NV, TX, UT Growth Habit Tree, Shrub …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Prosopis pubescens — noun shrub or small tree of southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico having spirally twisted pods • Syn: ↑screw bean, ↑screwbean, ↑tornillo, ↑screwbean mesquite • Hypernyms: ↑mesquite, ↑mesquit …   Useful english dictionary

  • Prosopis pubescens Benth. — Symbol PRPU Common Name screwbean mesquite Botanical Family Fabaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Prosopis — alba, Habitus Systematik Eurosiden I Ordnung: Schmetterlingsblütenartige (Fabales) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prosopis — Prosopis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prosopis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Prosopis Prosopis caldenia, una especie de laArgentina central …   Wikipedia Español


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