Yips, or The yips is an expression describing an apparently baseless sudden loss of ability in one of a number of different sports.
Professional or leading amateur sportsmen affected by the Yips sometimes recover their ability, sometimes compensate by changing technique, or may be forced to abandon their sport at the highest level.
golf, the yips is a movement disorder known to interfere with putting. The term "yips" is said to have been popularized by Tommy Armour— a golf champion and later golf teacher — to explain the difficulties that led him to abandon tournament play.Fact|date=August 2008 In describing the yips, golfers have used terms such as "twitches", "staggers", "jitters" and "jerks".
The yips affects between one-quarter and one-half of all mature golfers. [Smith et al., 2000.] Researchers at the
Mayo Clinicfound that 33 percent to 48 percent of all serious golfers have experienced the yips. Golfers who have played for more than 25 years appear to be most prone to the condition.
Although the exact cause of the yips has yet to be determined, one possibility is that, in some golfers, the condition may result from biochemical changes in the brain that accompany aging. Excessive use of the involved muscles and intense demands of coordination and concentration may make the problem worse.
Focal dystoniais mentioned as another possibility for the real cause of yips.
The yips are most commonly associated with putting, and renowned golf coach
Hank Haneyhas written a book specific to the subject in his 2007 “Fix the yips forever”. He is best known as the current coach of world number one player Tiger Woods. Haney goes on to explain in his book that the yips are not restricted to putting but are also a common, although often undiagnosed, problem amongst advanced players for putting as well as chipping yips and full swing yips.
In cricket, the yips applies mostly to bowlers and seems predominantly to affect left-arm spinners. The affliction seems to involve bowlers having trouble releasing the ball at the end of their action. A notable recent example of this was
Keith Medlycott, who was forced to abandon the sport, having reached the England squad. Another player, Gavin Hamilton, having played a Test as an all-rounder, largely abandoned his right-arm medium pacebowling, following the yips. [http://content-uk.cricinfo.com/scotland/content/current/player/14020.html] He did not make another Test appearance, but has enjoyed a One Day Internationalcareer for Scotland, predominantly as a specialist batsman.
In other sports
The yips also affects other sports, including
Australian rules football( Nick Riewoldt, a StKilda AFL player also suffers from the kicking yips.), baseball, basketball( Charles Barkleyis a known sufferer. [ [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0HFI/is_5_53/ai_84454553 The Grillroom : Charles Barkley - on golf - Brief Article - Interview ] ] )
* [http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/library/SA/00038.html Article on CNN Health]
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yips — [yips] pl.n. 〚< ?〛 Informal a tense, nervous feeling affecting a golfer s ability to putt smoothly and effectively: with the * * * yips (yĭps) pl.n. Nervousness or tension that causes an athlete to fail to perform effectively, especially in… … Universalium
Yips — [j...] der; , <aus gleichbed. engl. yips (Plur.), Herkunft ungeklärt> (Jargon) wohl mental bedingtes Zittern, Jucken, das beim Golfen, bes. beim Putten, eintritt … Das große Fremdwörterbuch
yips — [yips] pl.n. [< ?] Informal a tense, nervous feeling affecting a golfer s ability to putt smoothly and effectively: with the … English World dictionary
Yips — Dans le golf, un yips est un mouvement inconscient qui se produit lors du put. Le terme yips a été popularisé par Tommy Armour un champion de golf devenu depuis professeur de golf pour expliquer les difficultés qui l ont poussé à abandonner la… … Wikipédia en Français
Yips — Unter Yips versteht man vor allem bei Golfern auftretende plötzliche unwillkürliche, ruckartige Muskelzuckungen, die insbesondere beim Putten auftreten. Betroffen sind vor allem sehr gute Amateur Golfer (Handicap unter 12) und Profis. Yips… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Yips — Yịps, der; , [engl. yips (Pl.), H. u.] (Golf Jargon): (wohl mental bedingtes) Zittern, Jucken, das beim Golfen, bes. beim Putten auftritt. * * * Yịps, der; , [engl. yips (Pl.), H. u.] (Golf Jargon): (wohl mental bedingtes) Zittern, Jucken, das… … Universal-Lexikon
yips — noun plural Etymology: origin unknown Date: 1962 a state of nervous tension affecting an athlete (as a golfer) in the performance of a crucial action < had a bad case of the yips on short putts > … New Collegiate Dictionary
Yips — pl n 1. (originally) nervousness which can cause a golfer to miss an easy putt: a case of the yips ; 2. similar complaint affecting any person playing a sport … Dictionary of Australian slang
yips — Australian Slang pl n 1. (originally) nervousness which can cause a golfer to miss an easy putt: a case of the yips ; 2. similar complaint affecting any person playing a sport … English dialects glossary
yips — plural noun (the yips) informal extreme nervousness causing a golfer to miss easy putts. Origin 1960s: of unknown origin … English new terms dictionary