Nanda Kot Elevation 6,861 m (22,510 ft)  Prominence 1,592 m (5,223 ft)  Listing Ultra Location India Location Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand, India Range Kumaun Himalaya Coordinates Coordinates:  Climbing First ascent 1936 by Y. Hotta Easiest route Lawan Valley
Nanda Kot (Hindi-नन्दा कोट) is a mountain peak of the Himalaya range located in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand state in India. It lies in the Kumaon Himalaya, just outside of the ring of peaks enclosing the Nanda Devi Sanctuary, 15 kilometres (9 mi) southeast of Nanda Devi itself. The name Nanda Kot literally means "Nanda's Fortress" and refers to the abode of one of the sacred forms of the Hindu Goddess Parvati who in legend has made her sanctuary amongst the ring of lofty mountains in the region.
Nanda Kot is connected to the Sanctuary wall by a high pass known as the Pindari Kanda, 5,269 m (17,287 ft). This pass, Nanda Kot itself, and the ridge proceeding south from the peak together form the divide between the Pindar and Ghori Ganga River valleys, with Dana Dhura Pass connecting the two sides. The Kaphni (or Kafani), Pindar, Lawan, and Shalang Glaciers drain the south, west, north, and east sides of the peak respectively.
The first attempt to climb Nanda Kot was made in 1905 by T.G. Longstaff, who proceeded by way of the Lawan Valley and Lawan Glacier. The first successful ascent of the summit came in 1936 by a Japanese team led by Y. Hotta. A new route involving a direct ascent of the south face was successfully undertaken by a British expedition led by Martin Moran in 1995. Mountaineering expeditions to Nanda Kot today typically follow the route through Loharkhet, Dhakuri Pass, Khati Village to Dwali base camp.
Outlying subpeaks of Nanda Kot include:
- Changuch, 6,322 m (20,741 ft)
- Kuchela, 6,294 m (20,650 ft)
- Nandabhaner (or Nandabhanar), 6,236 m (20,459 ft)
- Dangthal, 6,050 m (19,849 ft)
- Lespa Dhura (or Laspa Dhura), 5,913 m (19,400 ft)
- Lamchir, 5,662 m (18,576 ft)
Nanda Devi/Nanda Kot nuclear controversy
In 1965, a covert mission was launched by an Indo-American team with the goal of installing a surveillance device on the top of Nanda Devi mountain to monitor Chinese nuclear and missile activity in Tibet. Shortly after delivery to the mountain, the thermonuclear generator designed to supply power to the sensor was lost during a storm and threatened to become a source of radioactive contamination to the area. Following upon at least three futile attempts between 1966-1968 to locate and recover the lost apparatus, it is said that in 1968 a similar device placed only the year before on Nanda Kot was dismantled. After more than a decade of secrecy, this story hit the Indian news media in 1978. There is still debate over these expeditions and whether any remnants of the radioactive materials remain in the vicinity of Nanda Kot to this day.
- Harish Kapadia, Across Peaks and Passes in Kumaun Himalaya.
- Peter Takeda, An Eye At The Top Of The World, Thunder's Mouth Press, 2006, ISBN 9781560258452
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Nanda Devi National Park — Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks * UNESCO World Heritage Site Country India Type natural Criteria vii, x … Wikipedia
Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve — Nanda Devi Nanda Devi Géographie Altitude 7 816 m Massif Himalaya … Wikipédia en Français
Nanda Devî — Nanda Devi Nanda Devi Géographie Altitude 7 816 m Massif Himalaya … Wikipédia en Français
Nanda Devi — Ne doit pas être confondu avec Ananda Devi. Nanda Devi Vue de la face ouest du Nanda Devi Géographie … Wikipédia en Français
Nanda Devi — pd5 Nanda Devi Die Westwand der Nanda Devi Höhe 7.816 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nanda Devi Raj Jat — Three week long Nanda Devi Raj Jat is one of the world famous festivals of Uttaranchal in India. People from entire Garhwal division Kumaon division as well as other parts of India and the world participate in Nanda Devi Raj Jat Yatra.… … Wikipedia
Nandadevî — Nanda Devi Nanda Devi Géographie Altitude 7 816 m Massif Himalaya … Wikipédia en Français
Pithoragarh district — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name = Pithoragarh | type = district | latd = 29.58 | longd = 80.22 state name = Uttarakhand district = Pithoragarh leader title = leader name = altitude = 1830 population as of = 2001 population total = 462149… … Wikipedia
Oropolitics — comes from the Greek oros meaning mountain and politikos meaning citizen. In modern usage it denotes the use and abuse of mountaineering for political purposes. The term oropolitics was coined by Joydeep Sircar in the early 1980s to describe the… … Wikipedia
Hugh Ruttledge — (24 October 1884 – 7 November 1961) was an English mountaineer, and leader of two expeditions to Mount Everest in 1933 and 1936.Early lifeThe son of Lt. Colonel Edward Butler Ruttledge, of the Indian Medical Service, and of his wife Alice… … Wikipedia