September 1


September 1

Events

* 462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle.
*1355 - Tvrtko I writes "in castro nostro Vizoka vocatum" from old town Visoki.
*1532 - Lady Anne Boleyn is made Marchioness of Pembroke by her fiancé, King Henry VIII of England.
*1644 - Battle of Tippermuir, Montrose defeats Elcho's Covenanters, reviving Royalist cause.
*1715 - King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.
*1752 - The Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia.
*1763 - Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy's plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow
*1772 - Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa founded in San Luis Obispo, California.
*1804 - Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids, was discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
*1807 - Former US Vice President Aaron Burr is acquitted of treason.
*1836 - Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.
*1859 - A solar superstorm affects electrical telegraph service.
*1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Chantilly - Confederate forces attack retreating Union troops in Chantilly, Virginia.
*1864 - American Civil War: Confederate General John Bell Hood evacuates Atlanta, Georgia after a four-month siege by General Sherman.
*1870 - Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Sedan is fought, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory.
*1873 - Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.
*1875 - A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband.
*1894 - Great Hinckley Fire: A forest fire in Hinckley, Minnesota, kills more than 400 people.
*1897 - The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.
*1902 - "A Trip to the Moon", considered one of the first science fiction films, is released in France.
*1905 - Alberta and Saskatchewan join the Canadian confederation.
*1906 - The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI) is established.
*1914 - St. Petersburg, Russia changes its name to Petrograd.
* 1914 - The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.
*1923 - The Great Kantō earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing about 105,000 people.
*1928 - Ahmet Zogu declares Albania to be a monarchy and proclaims himself king.
*1934 - SMJK Sam Tet was founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
*1939 - World War II: Nazi Germany attacks Poland, beginning the war. (See Invasion of Poland.)
* 1939 - George C. Marshall becomes Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
* 1939 - The Wound Badge for Wehrmacht, SS, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe soldiers is instituted. The final version of the Iron Cross was also instituted on this date.
* 1939 - Switzerland mobilizes its forces and the Swiss Parliament elects Henri Guisan to head the Swiss Army (an event that can happen only during war or mobilization).
*1951 - The United States, Australia and New Zealand sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS Treaty.
*1961 - The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate
*1962 - Channel Television launches to 54,000 households in the Channel Islands.
*1964 - Indian Oil Corporation formed after merging Indian Oil Refineries and Indian Oil Company.
*1969 - A revolution in Libya brings Col. Muammar al-Gaddafi to power, which was later transferred to the People's Committees.
*1970 - Attempted assassination of King Hussein of Jordan by Palestinian guerillas, who attacked his motorcade.
*1972 - In Reykjavík, Iceland, American Bobby Fischer beats Russian Boris Spassky and becomes the world chess champion.
*1974 - The SR-71 Blackbird sets (and holds) the record for flying from New York to London: 1 hour 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds.
*1979 - The American space probe Pioneer 11 becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn when it passes the planet at a distance of 21,000 km.
*1980 - Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope ends in Thunder Bay, Ontario.
*1981 - A coup d'état in the Central African Republic overthrows President David Dacko.
*1982 - Canada adopts a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as part of its Constitution.
* 1982 - The United States Air Force Space Command is founded.
*1983 - Cold War: Korean Air Flight 007 is shot down by a Soviet Union jet fighter when the commercial aircraft enters Soviet airspace. All 269 on board are killed, including US Congressmen Lawrence McDonald.
*1985 - A joint American-French expedition locates the wreck of the RMS "Titanic".
*1990 - The Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist is founded, following a split from the Communist Labour Party of Turkey.
*1991 - Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union
*2004 - The Beslan school hostage crisis begins when armed terrorists take hundreds of school children and adults hostage in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia.
*2005 - Seven members and former members of the AFL-CIO form a new trade union organization, the Change to Win Federation.
*2006 - Luxembourg became the first country to complete the move to all digital television broadcasting.

Births

*1286 - Elisabeth Richeza of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1335)
*1453 - Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general (d. 1515)
*1566 - Edward Alleyn, English actor (d. 1626)
*1588 - Henry II, Prince of Condé, French nobleman (d. 1646)
*1651 - Nataliya Kyrillovna Naryshkina, Tsaritsa of Russia (d. 1694)
*1653 - Johann Pachelbel, German composer (d. 1706)
*1711 - William IV, Prince of Orange (d. 1759)
*1795 - James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (d. 1872)
*1848 - Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (d. 1931)
*1854 - Engelbert Humperdinck, German composer (d. 1921)
*1855 - Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet (d. 1909)
*1856 - Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (d. 1953)
*1866 - James J. Corbett, American heavyweight boxer (d. 1933)
*1868 - Henri Bourassa, French Canadian politician and publisher (d. 1952)
*1871 - J. Reuben Clark, Jr., American Undersecretary of State (d. 1961)
*1875 - Edgar Rice Burroughs, American writer (d. 1950)
*1876 - Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (d. 1961)
*1877 - Francis William Aston, Nobel laureate (d. 1945)
*1878 - Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1942)
*1883 - Didier Pitre, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1934)
*1884 - Sigurd Wallén, Swedish actor and filmdirector (d. 1947)
*1887 - Blaise Cendrars, Swiss writer (d. 1961)
*1888 - Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician (d. 1958)
*1889 - Richard Arlen, American actor (d. 1976)
*1892 - Leverett Saltonstall, 55th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1979)
*1895 - Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavatar, Indian musician (d. 1974)
*1896 - A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian theologian (d. 1977)
*1897 - Andy Kennedy, Irish footballer (d. 1963)
*1899 - Andrei Platonov, Russian writer (d. 1951)
*1904 - Johnny Mack Brown, American actor (d. 1974)
*1905 - Elvera Sanchez, Puerto Rican dancer (d. 2000)
*1906 - Joaquín Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (d. 2002)
* 1906 - Franz Biebl, German composer (d. 2001)
*1907 - Walter Reuther, American labor union leader (d. 1970)
*1908 - Amir Elahi, Pakistani cricketer (d. 1980)
*1909 - E. Herbert Norman, Canadian diplomat (d. 1957)
*1913 - Ludwig Merwart, Austrian painter and graphic artist (1979)
* 1913 - Christian Nyby, American director and film editor (d. 1993)
*1919 - Ossie Dawson, South African cricketer
*1920 - Richard Farnsworth, American actor (d. 2000)
*1921 - Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch writer (d. 1995)
* 1921 - Madhav Mantri, Indian cricketer
*1922 - Yvonne De Carlo, Canadian-born actress (d. 2007)
* 1922 - Vittorio Gassman, Italian actor (d. 2000)
*1923 - Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969)
* 1923 - Kenneth Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman (d. 2006)
*1925 - Art Pepper, American musician (d. 1982)
*1926 - Abdur Rahman Biswas, President of Bangladesh
* 1926 - Gene Colan, American comic book artist
*1928 - Clifford Lincoln, Canadian politician
* 1928 - George Maharis, American actor
*1929 - Anne Ramsey, American actress (d. 1988)
*1931 - Boxcar Willie, American country musician (d. 1999)
*1933 - Ann W. Richards, American politician (d. 2006)
* 1933 - Conway Twitty, American singer (d. 1993)
*1935 - Seiji Ozawa, Japanese conductor
*1937 - Al Geiberger, American golfer
* 1937 - Ron O'Neal, American actor, film director and screenwriter (d. 2004)
*1939 - Lily Tomlin, American actress and comedian
*1941 - Graeme Langlands, Australian rugby league footballer
*1942 - C. J. Cherryh, American writer
*1943 - Don Stroud, American actor
*1944 - Leonard Slatkin, American conductor
*1945 - Mustafa Balel, Turkish writer
*1946 - Greg Errico, American drummer (Sly & the Family Stone)
* 1946 - Barry Gibb, English singer (Bee Gees)
* 1946 - Roh Moo-Hyun, President of South Korea
*1947 - Al Green, American politician
*1948 - Józef Życiński, Polish archbishop and philosopher
*1949 - P.A. Sangma, Indian politician
*1950 - Phillip Fulmer, American football coach
* 1950 - Dr. Phil McGraw, American talk show host
*1951 - Nicu Ceauşescu, Romanian politician (d. 1996)
* 1951 - David Bairstow, England cricketer (d. 1998)
*1952 - Phil Hendrie, American radio personality
*1953 - Beau Billingslea, American voice actor
* 1953 - Ted Petty, American professional wrestler (d. 2002)
*1954 - Dave Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player
*1955 - Billy Blanks, American martial artist
* 1955 - Bruce Foxton, English bassist (The Jam)
*1957 - Gloria Estefan, Cuban/American singer
* 1957 - Duško Ivanović, Montenegrin basketball coach
*1958 - Armi Aavikko, Finnish singer (d. 2002)
*1959 - Kenny Mayne, American sports journalist
*1961 - Bam Bam Bigelow, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
*1962 - Ruud Gullit, Dutch footballer
* 1962 - Tony Cascarino, Irish footballer
*1963 - Stephen Kernahan, Australian rules footballer
* 1963 - Carola Smit, Dutch singer
*1964 - Brian Bellows, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1964 - Cécilia Rhode, Swedish model
* 1964 - Ray D'Arcy, Irish DJ and TV presenter
*1966 - Tim Hardaway, American basketball player
*1967 - David Whissell, Quebec politician
*1968 - Mohammed Atta, Egyptian terrorist (d. 2001)
*1969 - Henning Berg, Norwegian footballer
*1970 - Hwang Jung-min, South Korean actor
* 1970 - Padma Lakshmi, Indian actress
* 1970 - Mitsou, Quebec singer, television and radio host, actress
* 1970 - Vanna, Croatian singer
*1971 - Ricardo Antonio Chavira, American actor
* 1971 - Joe Enochs, American soccer player
* 1971 - Yoshitaka Hirota, Japanese composer
* 1971 - Lââm, French singer
* 1971 - Jimmy Snuka, Jr., American professional wrestler
* 1971 - Hakan Şükür, Turkish footballer
*1972 - Doug Williams, British professional wrestler
*1973 - Ram Kapoor, Indian actor
* 1973 - J. D. Fortune, Canadian singer (INXS)
* 1973 - Zach Thomas, American football player
*1974 - Jason Taylor, American football player
* 1974 - Jhonen Vasquez, American comic book artist
*1975 - Scott Speedman, English-born actor
* 1975 - Natalie Bassingthwaighte, Australian actress and singer
* 1975 - Omar Rodriguez-Lopez, Puerto Rican guitarist
*1975 - Cuttino Mobley, American basketball player
* 1976 - Marcos Ambrose, Australian racing driver
* 1976 - Erik Morales, Mexican boxer
* 1976 - Jada Fire, American porn actress
* 1976 - Polly Shannon, Canadian actress
* 1976 - Sebastián Rozental, Chilean footballer
* 1976 - Clare Connor, England Woman cricketer
*1977 - Aaron Schobel, American football player
* 1977 - Raffaele Giammaria, Italian racing driver
* 1977 - Shoshana Bean, American stage actress
* 1977 - Aamir Ali, Indian television actor
* 1977 - David Albelda, Spanish footballer
*1978 - Max Vieri, Australian soccer player
* 1978 - Lucie Blackman, English murder victim (d. 2000)
*1979 - James O'Connor, Irish footballer
*1980 - Chris Riggott, English footballer
* 1980 - Sammy Adjei, Ghanaian footballer
*1981 - Clinton Portis, American football player
* 1981 - Adam Quick, Australian basketball player
*1982 - Ryan Gomes, American basketball player
* 1982 - Paul Dumbrell, Australian racing driver
* 1982 - Jeffrey Buttle, Canadian figure skater
*1983 - José Antonio Reyes, Spanish footballer
*1984 - Joseph Trohman, American musician (Fall Out Boy)
* 1984 - Nick Noble, American soccer player
*1985 - Camile Velasco, Filipino-American singer
*1986 - Gaël Monfils, French tennis player
* 1986 - Anthony Allen, English rugby union player
*1987 - Dann Hume, New Zealand musician (Evermore)
*1988 - Gabriel Ferrari, American soccer player
* 1988 - Mushfiqur Rahim, Bangladeshi cricketer
*1989 - Juliana Lohmann, Brazilian actress
*1993 - Ilona Mitrecey, French singer
*1994 - Bianca Ryan, American singer

Deaths

*1067 - Baldwin V of Flanders
*1159 - Pope Adrian IV (b. 1100)
*1256 - Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (b. 1218)
*1414 - William de Ros, 7th Baron de Ros, Lord Treasurer of England (b. 1369)
*1557 - Jacques Cartier, French explorer (b. 1491)
*1581 - Guru Ram Das, fourth Sikh Guru (b. 1534)
*1600 - Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician (b. 1525)
*1615 - Étienne Pasquier, French lawyer (b. 1529)
*1648 - Marin Mersenne, French mathematician (b. 1588)
*1685 - Leoline Jenkins, Welsh lawyer (b. 1625)
*1687 - Henry More, English philosopher (b. 1614)
*1715 - François Girardon, French sculptor (b. 1628)
* 1715 - King Louis XIV of France (b. 1638)
*1818 - Robert Calder, British naval officer (b. 1745)
*1838 - William Clark, American explorer, part of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (b. 1770)
*1943 - Charles Atangana, Cameroonian chief (b. 1880)
*1947 - Frederick Russell Burnham, father of the international Scouting movement (b. 1861)
*1953 - Bernard O'Dowd, Australian poet (b. 1866)
*1957 - Dennis Brain, English musician (b. 1921)
*1967 - Siegfried Sassoon, English poet (b. 1886)
* 1967 - Ilse Koch, Nazi war criminal (b. 1906)
*1969 - Drew Pearson, American newspaper columnist (b. 1897)
*1970 - François Mauriac, French writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1885)
*1977 - Ethel Waters, American singer (b. 1896)
*1981 - Albert Speer, Nazi official (b. 1905)
* 1981 - Ann Harding, American actress (b. 1901)
*1982 - Haskell Curry, American mathematician (b. 1900)
* 1982 - Wladyslaw Gomulka, Polish communist leader (b. 1905)
*1983 - Henry M. Jackson, American politician (b. 1912)
* 1983 - Larry McDonald, American congressman (b. 1935)
*1985 - Stefan Bellof, German race car driver (b. 1957)
* 1985 - Jay Youngblood, American wrestler (b. 1955)
*1986 - Murray Hamilton, American actor (b. 1923)
*1988 - Luis Alvarez, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
*1989 - A. Bartlett Giamatti, American baseball commissioner (b. 1938)
* 1989 - Tadeusz Sendzimir, American inventor (b. 1894)
*1994 - Boris Malenko, American professional wrestler (b. 1933)
*1998 - Józef Krupiński, Polish poet (b. 1930)
* 1998 - Cary Middlecoff, American golfer (b. 1921)
*1999 - W. Richard Stevens, Zambian computer scientist (b. 1951)
*2001 - Brian Moore British sports commentator (b. 1932)
*2003 - Sir Terry Frost, British artist (b. 1915)
*2004 - Ahmed Kuftaro, Grand Mufti of Syria (b. 1915)
*2005 - R. L. Burnside, American musician (b. 1926)
* 2005 - Thanos Leivaditis, Greek actor (b. 1934)
*2006 - Sir Kyffin Williams, Welsh landscape painter (b. 1918)
* 2006 - Bob O'Connor, mayor of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (b. 1944)
* 2006 - Nellie Connally, wife of Texas governor John Connally (b. 1919)
* 2006 - Warren Mitofsky, American pollster (b. 1934)
*2007 - Roy McKenzie, New Zealand philanthropist (b. 1922)
*2008 - Don LaFontaine, American voice actor (b. 1940)

Holidays and observances

*In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the new liturgical year begins on September 1. Also see September 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics).
*Eastern (Byzantine) Catholic Church, the new Liturgical Year (Indiction) also begins.
*Church of England - Saint Giles.
*Libya - Revolution Day (1969).
*New Zealand - National R.A.K. (Random Act of Kindness) Day
*Russia - Knowledge Day.
*Singapore - Teachers' Day.
*Slovakia - Constitution Day.
*Uzbekistan - Independence Day (from USSR, 1991).
*Start of the season when oysters are fit to eat (when month names contain an "R").
*Start of the partridge-shooting season ("St. Partridge").
*First day of Spring in Australia and New Zealand.
*Aaron, brother of Moses
*Aitillaha of Bet-Nuhadra, a companion of Acepsimas of Hnaita
*Saint Giles

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/1 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Sep&day=01 On This Day in Canada] ----


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