Transport in Syria

Transport in Syria

= Railways =

"total:"2,750 km
"standard gauge:"2,423 km 1.435-m gauge
"narrow gauge:"327 km 1.050-m gauge (2000)

See also Hejaz railway.

Railway links with adjacent countries

* Lebanon - defunct
* Israel - defunct
* Iraq - yes, at Nurabiya/Rabiya, 1435mm
* Jordan - yes - 1050mm - in 2005, work commenced to build a 1435mm lineFact|date=February 2007
* Turkey - yes, at Qamishli/Nusaybin, 1435mm


* On 22 April 2005 Syria ratified the Agreement on International Railways in the Arab Mashriq, which provides for the implementation of a variety of north-south and east-west links between the states of the region, including the restoration of direct rail links between Syria and Lebanon and Iraq.
* On 7 July 2005 the Syrian General Establishment for the Hejaz Railway announced that it had signed a contract worth US$ 54 million with a Lebanese company to build a railroad between Damascus and Damascus International Airport.


* [ CFS]


"total:"36,377 km
"paved:"26,299 km (including 877 km of expressways)
"unpaved:"10,078 km (1999 est.)


870 km; minimal economic importance


crude oil 1,304 km; petroleum products 515 km

Ports and harbors

Baniyas, Jablah, Latakia, Tartus

Merchant marine

"total:"137 ships (GRT|1,000|metric|first=yes or over) totaling GRT|429,005|metric/DWT|626,069|metric|first=yes
"ships by type:"
bulk carrier 11, cargo ship 120, livestock carrier 5, roll-on/roll-off 1 (1999 est.)


104 (1999 est.)

Airports - with paved runways

"over 3,047 m:"5
"2,438 to 3,047 m:"16
"914 to 1,523 m:"1
"under 914 m:"2 (1999 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways

"1,524 to 2,437 m:"3
"914 to 1,523 m:"14
"under 914 m:"63 (1999 est.)


2 (1999 est.)

See also

* Syria

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