- Train robbery
Train robbery is a type of
robbery, in which the goal is to steal moneyor other valuables being carried aboard trains. They were more common in the past than today, and often occurred in the American Old West. Trains carrying payrollshipments were a major target. These shipments would be guarded by an expressmanwhose duty it was to protect the cargo of the "express car". Expressmen, conductors, and other personneltook enormous pride in their duty and had no problem with risking their lives for a shipment. Bandits would rely on the expressman to open the safeand provide the goods. Without the combination required for the combination lock, it was almost impossible to break into the safes. However, the invention of dynamitemade it much easier to break into safes and rob the train.
If the outlaw was unsatisfied with the goods, passengers of the
train's carriages who were generally unarmed would be held at gunpoint and forced to hand over any valuables they were carrying, usually in the form of jewelryor currency.
Contrary to the method romanticized by
Hollywood, outlaws generally never jumped from horsebackonto a moving train. Usually, they would either board the train and wait for a good time to initiate the heist, or they would stop or derail the train and then begin the holdup.
Famous train robbers include
Bill Miner, Jesse Jamesand Butch Cassidy. Jesse James is mistakenly thought to have completed the first successful train robbery in the American Westwhen on July 21, 1873the James-Younger Gangtook US $3,000 from the Rock Island Railroadafter derailing it southwest of the town of Adair, Iowa. However, the first peacetime train robbery in the USA actually occurred on October 6, 1866, when robbers boarded the Ohio & Mississippi train shortly after it left Seymour, Indiana. They broke into one safe and tipped the other off the train before jumping off. The Pinkerton National Detective Agency later traced the crime to the Reno Gang. There was one earlier train robbery in May 1865, but because it was committed by armed guerrillas and occurred shortly after the end of the Civil War, it is not considered to be the first peacetime train robbery in the United States.
List of Train Robbers
* Frank, William, Simeon, and John Reno (The
* Cole, Jim, John, and Bob Younger (Younger Brothers)
Wild Bunch(aka Doolin-Dalton Gang)
Jessie Evans Gang
Black Jack (Tom) Ketchum
Jesse Jamesand the James-Younger Gang
Butch Cassidy, Sundance Kidand the Wild Bunch
Little Dick West
Tulsa Black Jack
Big Nose George Parrot
Quail Hunter Jack Kennedyje was kii
Famous Train Robberies
Great Gold Robbery of 1855, London - Paris (1855)
Bezdany raid, Lithuania (1908)
Kakori train robbery, India (1925)
* Great Train Robbery, England (1963)
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