Geography of Slovenia


Geography of Slovenia

Slovenia is situated in Central Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. The Alps — including the Julian Alps, the Kamnik-Savinja Alps and the Karavanke chain, as well as the Pohorje massif — dominate Northern Slovenia along its long border to Austria. Slovenia's Adriatic coastline stretches approximately 43 km (27 mi)[1] from Italy to Croatia. Its part south of Sava river belongs to Balkan peninsula - Balkans.

The term "Karst" originated in southwestern Slovenia's Karst Plateau (Slovene: Kras), a limestone region of underground rivers, gorges, and caves, between Ljubljana and the Mediterranean.

On the Pannonian plain to the East and Northeast, toward the Croatian and Hungarian borders, the landscape is essentially flat. However, the majority of Slovenian terrain is hilly or mountainous, with around 90% of the surface 200 meters or more above sea level.

Map of Slovenia

Contents

Location

Southeastern or Central Europe, Eastern Alps bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia. The 15th meridian east almost corresponds to the middle line of the country in the direction west-east.[2]

Geographic coordinates

Aerial view of Lake Bled

Extreme geographical points of Slovenia:

The maximum north-south distance is 1°28' or 163 km (101 mi).
The maximum east-west distance is 3°13' or 248 km (154 mi).

The geometric centre of Slovenia (GEOSS) is located at 46°07′11.8″N 14°48′55.2″E / 46.119944°N 14.815333°E / 46.119944; 14.815333.

Map references

Europe

Area

Triglav Peak
  • Total: 20,273 km²
  • Land: 20,273 km²
  • Water: 0 km²
  • Comparison: slightly smaller than New Jersey

Borders

  • Land boundaries
  • Coastline: 43.157 m (~ 43 km)[1] 46.6 km[3]
  • Maritime claims:

The entire Slovenian coastline is located on the Gulf of Trieste. Towns along the coastline include:

Regions

Historical Regions

Slovenia is traditionally divided into eight regions.

The traditional Slovenian regions, based on the former division of Slovenia into the four Habsburg crown lands of (Carniola, Carinthia, Styria, and the Littoral) and their parts, are:

The last two are usually considered together as the Littoral Region (Primorska). White Carniola (Bela krajina), otherwise part of Lower Carniola, is usually considered a separate region, as is the Central Sava Valley (Zasavje), which is otherwise a part of Upper and Lower Carniola and Styria.

Slovenian Littoral has no natural island, but there is a plan on building an artificial one.

Climate

Submediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters on the plateaus and in the valleys to the east. Precipitation is high away from the coast, with the spring being particularly prone to rainfall. Slovenia's Alps have frequent snowfalls during the winter. [4]

Terrain

A short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountain and valleys with numerous rivers to the east.

There is only one natural island in Slovenia: Bled Island in Lake Bled in the country's northwest.

Elevation extremes

  • Lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
  • Highest point: Triglav 2,864 m (9,396 ft)

Natural resources

Lignite coal, lead, zinc, mercury, uranium, silver, hydropower

Land use

  • Arable land: 12%
  • Permanent crops: 3%
  • Permanent pastures: 24%
  • Forests and woodland: 60%
  • Other: 7% (1996 est.)
  • Irrigated land: 20 km² (1993 est.)
  • Natural hazards: flooding and earthquakes

Environment

Current issues

The Sava River polluted with domestic and industrial waste; pollution of coastal waters with heavy metals and toxic chemicals; forest damage near Koper from air pollution (originating at metallurgical and chemical plants) and resulting acid rain.

International agreements

See also

References

External links


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