- Politics of Sierra Leone
Politics of Sierra Leone takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic
republic, whereby the President of Sierra Leoneis both head of stateand head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive poweris exercised by the government. Legislative poweris vested in both the governmentand the House of Representatives. The Judiciaryis independent of the executive and the legislature. Civil rightsand freedom of religionare respected. A critical press continues to operate, although the government has intervened for alleged inaccurate reporting, using the 1965 Public Order Act which criminalizes libel.
Heads of Government of Sierra Leone"
Ernest Bai Koroma
17 September 2007,
17 September 2007The President is Ernest Bai Koroma(since 17 September 2007. The president is both the head of stateand head of government. Ministers of State are appointed by the president with the approval of the House of Representatives; the cabinet is responsible to the president. The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term; elections were last held 08 September 2007(Ernest Bai Koroma, APC, 54.6%; Solomon Berewa, SLPP, 45.4%). The president's tenure of office is limited to two five-year terms.
The House of Representatives has 124 members, 112 members elected for a four year term through
proportional representationin 14 multi-seat constituencies with a constituency threshold of 12.5 % and 12 Paramount chiefs.
Political parties and elections
The next parliamentary and presidential elections in Sierra Leone will take place on August 11, 2007.
There is a High Court, an Appeals Court, and a Supreme Court. The judicial system continues to function for civil cases though some regard it as handicapped by shortages of resources and qualified personnel. Judges are appointed by the President on the advice of the
Judicial and Legal Service Commissionwith the approval of Parliament.
There also are magistrate and local courts and from these appeals lie to the superior courts of judicature.
constitutioncreated an ombudsman responsible for looking into complaints of abuses and capricious acts on the part of public officials. In 2000 the government promulgated the Anti-Corruption Actto combat corruption.
Traditionally, the basic unit of local government outside of
Freetownis the chiefdom, headed by a paramount chief. Since 2004, each of the 13 districts and 6 major cities ( Freetown, Bo, Kenema, Makeni, Koidu and Bonthe) has an elected Local Council which is the highest political authority in the district / city.
* [http://www.statehouse.sl/ Office of the Sierra Leone President]
* [http://www.sierra-leone.org/govt.html Sierra Leone Government]
* [http://www.sc-sl.org/ Special Court for Sierra Leone]
* [http://www.trcsierraleone.org Truth and Reconciliation Commission]
* [http://africanelections.tripod.com/sl.html African Elections Database]
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Sierra Leone — Sierra Leonean /lee oh nee euhn/. /lee oh nee, lee ohn / an independent republic in W Africa: member of the Commonwealth of Nations; formerly a British colony and protectorate. 4,891,546; 27,925 sq. mi. (72,326 sq. km). Cap.: Freetown. * * *… … Universalium
Sierra Leone People's Party — (SLPP) is one of the two major political parties in Sierra Leone, along with the All People s Congress (APC). Infobox Political party party name = Sierra Leone peoples Party (SLPP) party leader = Alhaji Sulaiman Jah (acting) foundation = April,… … Wikipedia
Sierra Leone — Infobox Country native name = conventional long name = Republic of Sierra Leone common name = Sierra Leone symbol type = Coat of Arms national motto = Unity Freedom Justice national anthem = High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free official… … Wikipedia
Sierra Leone Creole people — infobox ethnic group group = The Sierra Leone Creole poptime =339,917 5.4% of Sierra Leone s populationFamous Sierra Leoneans from the Krio ethnic group: Monty Jones, Valentine Strasser, Adelaide Casely Hayford, Andrew Juxon Smith, Herbert George … Wikipedia
Sierra Leone — Si|ẹr|ra Le|o|ne; s: Staat in Afrika. * * * Siẹrra Leone, Kurzinformation: Fläche: 71 740 km2 Einwohner: (2000) 5,2 Mio. Hauptstadt: Freetown Amtssprache … Universal-Lexikon
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History of Sierra Leone — Early history= Archaeological finds show that Sierra Leone has been inhabited continuously for at least 2,500 years,cite web| url=http://www.everyculture.com/Sa Th/Sierra Leone.html| title= Culture of Sierra Leone | author= Countries and Their… … Wikipedia
Chiefdoms of Sierra Leone — Chiefdoms of Sierra Leone … Wikipedia