Infobox Philippine province
name = Apayao
sealfile = Ph_seal_apayao.png
Cordillera Autonomous Region(CAR)
capital = Kabugao
February 14, 1995
pop2000 = 97,129
pop2000rank = 4th smallest
popden2000 = 25
popden2000rank = lowest
areakm2 = 3,927.9
arearank = 32nd largest
hucities = 0
municipalities = 7
barangays = 133
districts = 1
languages = Ilokano, Isneg Tagalog
Elias K. Bulut, Sr.
locatormapfile = Ph_locator_map_apayao.png
Apayao is a landlocked province of the
Philippinesin the Cordillera Administrative Regionin Luzon. Its capital is Kabugao and borders Cagayanto the north and east, Abra and Ilocos Norteto the west, and Kalinga to the south. Prior to 1995, Kalinga and Apayao used to be a single province named " Kalinga-Apayao", until they were split into two to better service the needs of individual native tribes in the provinces.
Apayao is subdivided into 7 municipalities.
Apayao was among the earliest areas penetrated by the Spaniards in the Cordilleras, but the region, inhabited by the
Isnegtribe, remained largely outside Spanish control until late in the 1800s. As early as 1610, the Dominican friars established a mission in what is now the town of Pudtol. In 1684, the friars again made vain attempts to convert the people and established a church in what is now Cabugao. The ruins of the early churches in Pudtol and Cabugao still stand as mute testimony to the failed attempts to occupy Apayao.
The Spanish authorities were then able to establish the "comandancia"s of Apayao and Cabugaoan in 1891, which covered the western and eastern portions of what is now Apayao. The "comandancia"s, however, failed to bring total control and the Spanish government only maintained a loose hold over the area.
The Americans established the
Mountain Provinceon August 13, 1908, with the enactment of Act No. 1876. Apayao, along with Amburayan, Benguet, Bontoc, Ifugao, Kalinga, and Lepanto, became sub-provinces of this new province. Before this, Apayao had been a part of Cagayanprovince.
After being a sub-province for almost 60 years, on June 18, 1966, the huge Mountain Province was split into four provinces with the enactment of Republic Act No. 4695. The four provinces were Benguet, Mountain Province,
Kalinga-Apayaoand Ifugao. Kalinga-Apayao became one of the provinces of the Cagayan Valleyregion.
July 15, 1987, the Cordillera Administrative Regionwas established and Kalinga-Apayao was made one of its provinces. Finally, on February 14, 1995, Kalinga-Apayao was split into two distinct provinces with the passage of Republic Act No. 7878.
It may be no coincidence that the outline of Apayao (and the former Kalinga-Apayao) resembles a bust of a man akin to former dictator
Ferdinand Marcos(looking toward his home province, Ilocos Norte) whom they called as the "Great Profile" during the Marcos Era.
* [http://www.apayao.gov.ph The Official Website of the Provincial Government of Apayao]
* [http://www.iluko.com Famous Ilocano Website by Apayao-Born Writer Andel Barroga, Bannawag Magazine Contributor]
* [http://balboa99.tripod.com Popular Philippine Trivia Online Site by Apayao-Born Author R. Barroga-Balboa, Former Luna Municipal High School Graduating Class Valedictorian]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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