Baeza


Baeza

Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza


State Party = ESP
Type = Cultural
Criteria = ii, iv
ID = 522
Region = Europe and North America
Year = 2003
Session = 27th
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/522

Baeza is a town of approximately 15,000 in Andalusia, Spain, in the province of Jaén, perched on a cliff in the Loma de Baeza, a mountain range between the river Guadalquivir on the south and its tributary the Guadalimar on the north. The town has existed since Roman times, when it was called "Beatia", but it is chiefly known today as having many of the best-preserved examples of Italian Renaissance architecture in Spain. UNESCO added Baeza and Ubeda to the World Heritage Sites list in 2003.In the Middle Ages Baeza was a flourishing Moorish city, said to contain 50,000 inhabitants, but it fell to the forces of Ferdinand III of Castile in 1227. The Cordova and Úbeda gates, and the arch of Baeza, are among the remains of its Moorish fortifications.

In the 16th century, Baeza and nearby Úbeda grew rich from the production of textiles, and local nobles hired important architects, such as Andrés de Vandelvira, to design new palaces, churches and public squares in the fashionable Italian style. The economy collapsed in the 17th century, which had the fortunate side effect of preserving Baeza's Renaissance architectural legacy, because few newer structures were built. Baeza appears much more Italian than Spanish, with an unusual sense of lightness, order, and proportion.

Baeza's chief Renaissance structures are the university, established in 1538, which is now a summer school for the University of Granada, the "Catedral de Santa María", the "Palacio de Jabalquinto", and the squares of "Plaza de España" and the "Paseo de la Constitucíon". All of these sites are located within walking distance of each other, in what is called the "Zona Monumental".

Baeza is 327 km (203 miles) by highway south of Madrid. It has a RENFE rail station (Linares - Baeza) 9 miles southwest on the Linares-Almeria railway and bus transportation from Granada, Málaga and Madrid. The nearest international airports are in Granada, 132 km (82 miles) south and Málaga, 241 km (150 miles) to the southwest.

Trivia

* Baeza was the birthplace of the sculptor and painter Gaspar Becerra.
* The modernist poet Antonio Machado worked as a teacher in Baeza from 1912 through 1919, and it is believed that his most notable prose work, "Juan de Mairena", was inspired by his experience there.


Related links

* [http://www.baezaforos.com BaezaForos, the most updated website about Baeza, including a forum]
* [http://www.andalucia.com/province/jaen/baeza/home.htm Information about the city of Baeza in Jaen]
* [http://geneura.ugr.es/ubeda.html Ubeda and Baeza homepage]
* [http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/522 Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza] (UN World Heritage website)
* [http://www.aena.es/csee/Satellite?cid=1047397546288&pagename=Estandar%2FPage%2FAeropuerto&SMO=-1&SiteName=GRX&c=Page&MO=0&lang=EN_GB Federico Garcia-Lorca Granada-Jaen Airport]
* [http://www.aena.es/csee/Satellite?pagename=Estandar%2FPage%2FAeropuerto&c=Page&MO=0&SMO=-1&SiteName=AGP%26cid%3D1048858947193 Malaga Airport]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Baeza — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Baeza Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Baeza — La cathédrale de Baeza …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baeza — Wappen Karte von Spanien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baeza —   [ba eθa], spanische Stadt in der Provinz Jaén, Andalusien, 15 500 Einwohner. Palacio de Benavente mit Fassade im isabellinischen Stil (15. Jahrhundert), Casa del Pópulo mit plateresker Fassade (1530) und Brunnen (1564), Arco del Pópulo (16.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Baeza — (spr. Ba edsa), 1) Stadt der spanischen Provinz Jaën, Kathedrale, viele Klöster, Jesuitencollegium, Theologisches Seminar, Landwirthschaftliche Gesellschaft, Gerbereien; einst Residenz Maurischer Könige; 15,000 Ew.; 2) eigenes Maurisches Reich,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Baēza — Baēza, Bezirkshauptstadt in der span. Provinz Jaén, auf dem zwischen Guadalquivir und Guadalimar sich erhebenden Bergrücken Loma de Ubeda, 600 m ü. M. gelegen, nahe der Eisenbahn Madrid Cordoba und an der Linie B. Almería, hat eine Kathedrale,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Baeza — Baēza, das alte Beatĭa, Stadt in Andalusien (Prov. Jaén), (1897) 14.172 E.; Baudenkmäler …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Baeza — Baeza, span. Stadt in der Provinz Jaen, 44500 E., schöne Plätze und Straßen, Kathedrale, Klöster, öffentliche Gebäude, einst Residenz maurischer Könige …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Baeza — La ciudad de Baeza se encuentra en el centro geográfico de la provincia de Jaén en la Comunidad Autónoma de Andalucía (España), a unos 48 Km de la capital, Jaén. Entre sus personajes ilustres se encuentra Antonio Machado, que residió en Baeza… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Baeza — Original name in latin Baeza Name in other language Baeza State code ES Continent/City Europe/Madrid longitude 37.99384 latitude 3.47103 altitude 763 Population 16253 Date 2012 03 04 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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