Charge number

Charge number or just valance[1] of an ion is the coefficient that, when multiplied by the elementary charge, gives the ion's charge. [2]

For example, the charge on a chloride ion, Cl , is -1 \cdot e, where e is the elementary charge. This means the charge number for the ion is − 1.

z is sometimes used as the symbol for the charge number. In that case, the charge of an ion could be written as Q = ze.

For an atomic nucleus, which can be regarded as an ion having stripped off all electrons, the charge number is identical with the atomic number Z (number of protons).

In particle physics the charge number is a (derived) flavour quantum number, mostly denoted by Q (regarded as 'electric charge in units of e') rather than z. For color charged particles with like quarks and hypothetical leptoquarks the charge number is a broken multiple of 1/3.

See also

References

  1. ^ Dynamic Systems in Neuroscience by Izhikevich
  2. ^ IUPAC, Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book") (1997). Online corrected version:  (2006–) "charge number, z".

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