New York State Route 9A

NYS Route 9A marker

NYS Route 9A

Map of the New York City area with NY 9A highlighted in red
Route information
Auxiliary route of US 9
Maintained by NYSDOT, NYCDOT, Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority and the city of Yonkers
Length: 47.25 mi[2] (76.04 km)
Existed: 1930[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: I-478 / FDR Drive in Manhattan
  NY 495 in Manhattan
I-95 / US 1 / US 9 in Manhattan
US 9 / Henry Hudson Parkway in The Bronx
Saw Mill Parkway in Yonkers
I-87 / Thruway in Ardsley
I-287 in Elmsford
Saw Mill Parkway in Hawthorne
US 9 in Ossining
North end: US 9 in Peekskill
Location
Counties: New York, Bronx, Westchester
Highway system

Numbered highways in New York
Interstate • U.S. • N.Y. (former) • Reference • County

US 9 NY 9B

New York State Route 9A (NY 9A) is a state highway in the vicinity of New York City, New York, United States. Its southern terminus is at the northern end of the Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel in New York City, where it intersects with both Interstate 478 (I-478) and FDR Drive. The northern terminus of NY 9A is at U.S. Route 9 (US 9) in Peekskill. It is predominantly an alternate route of US 9 between New York City and Peekskill; however, in New York City, it is a major route of its own as it runs along the West Side Highway and Henry Hudson Parkway. In Westchester County, NY 9A follows the Briarcliff–Peekskill Parkway.

The origins of NY 9A date back to the 1920s when an alternate route of then-NY 6 from Yonkers to Tarrytown was designated as New York State Route 6A. NY 6 was redesignated as US 9 in 1927; however, NY 6A was not renumbered to NY 9A until the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York. NY 9A was extended south into New York City in 1934 and north to Ossining in the late 1930s. In 1933, the Briarcliff–Peekskill Parkway opened as New York State Route 404. All of NY 404 was incorporated into an extended NY 9A in the late 1940s. NY 9A was extended northward to Peekskill in 1967 following the completion of the Croton Expressway and southward to the Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel between 1985 and 1995.

Contents

Route description

Signage for NY 9A in Manhattan.

Route 9A begins in lower Manhattan at the north end of the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel (I-478) and heads north on the surface West Side Highway and Henry Hudson Parkway, crossing US 9 for the first time at the east end of the George Washington Bridge. After crossing into the Bronx via the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority-owned Henry Hudson Bridge, Route 9A proceeds to leave the parkway at exit 23, joining US 9 on Broadway.[3] The portions of NY 9A between 34th and 72nd Streets in Manhattan and from the Henry Hudson Parkway to the New York City line in the Bronx is maintained by the New York City Department of Transportation.[4][5] The concurrency between US 9 and NY 9A runs for 2.87 miles (4.62 km) within the city of Yonkers.[2] All of NY 9A within Yonkers is maintained by the city.[6]

NY 9A separates from US 9 along Ashburton Avenue and heads north as Saw Mill River Road.[7] It parallels the Saw Mill River Parkway through Ardsley and Elmsford, to the west side of Hawthorne. The route meets the southbound New York State Thruway (I-87) at a partial interchange and later meets I-287 (the Cross Westchester Expressway) at a full interchange that provides a route to the northbound Thruway (I-87).[8] NY 100 merges with NY 9A to form a 3.11-mile (5.01 km) concurrency[2] carrying the names Saw Mill River Road and Briarcliff–Peekskill Parkway, parallel to the Taconic State Parkway.[9] NY 9A exits off this highway along the Briarcliff–Peekskill Parkway, while NY 100 continues straight as Saw Mill River Road. NY 9A merges to form a brief concurrency with US 9 as the Croton Expressway in Ossining just south of the Croton River.[10]

The second concurrency between US 9 and NY 9A runs for 0.65 mile (1 km), with Route 9A leaving the Croton Expressway at Croton Point Avenue in Croton-on-Hudson. The highway heads north along Riverside Avenue and eventually joins old Albany Post Road.[11] After crossing US 9 once more in Cortlandt, Route 9A ends at the Welcher Avenue interchange in southern Peekskill.[12]

History

Origins

Prior to the establishment of the U.S. Highway System, US 9 was designated as NY 6. An alternate route from Yonkers to Tarrytown was assigned the NY 6A designation by 1926. This ran along the present alignment of NY 9A from Yonkers to north of Elmsford, where it turned west on Old Saw Mill River Road, Neperan Road, County House Road and Bedford Road to end at NY 6 in Tarrytown.[13] NY 6 was redesignated as US 9 when U.S. Highways were first posted in New York in 1927; however, NY 6A was not renumbered at this time.[14] It was finally renumbered to NY 9A as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York.[1]

Tarrytown, including US 9 and NY 9A, in 1938.

New York City initially did not mark numbered routes within its limits.[15] In 1932, the New York Automobile Club drafted a plan establishing alignments for several routes through the city. In this plan, NY 9A went south through the Bronx and into Manhattan on Broadway while US 9 used Riverdale Avenue north of 230th Street. As a result, the two routes would have had a short concurrency across Spuyten Duyvil Creek. NY 9A would have split to the south on Tenth Avenue at 218th Street in order to join the Harlem River Drive via Nagle Avenue and Dyckman Street. From there it would head west on 155th Street to Amsterdam Avenue, where it would head south to 79th Street, heading west there to rejoin US 9 at Riverside Drive. US 9 would have continued south through lower Manhattan to Staten Island via the Staten Island Ferry; however, it is unclear whether NY 9A would have continued south with US 9 to lower Manhattan.[16]

The New York Automobile Club released another plan in 1933. This plan made no changes to NY 9A; however, US 9 was changed to use Broadway all the way through the Bronx and to travel to New Jersey by way of the Holland Tunnel.[17] In the final plan implemented in mid-December 1934, no route was assigned to the Harlem River Drive – Amsterdam Avenue corridor. Instead, NY 9A used what had been planned as US 9, splitting at Broadway and Dyckman Street. NY 9A ran south along the west side of Manhattan on Riverside Drive and the West Side Elevated Highway (detouring around an unfinished section via 57th Street, Eleventh Avenue and 48th Street) to end at the entrance and exit plazas of the Holland Tunnel. US 9 was shifted northward to enter New Jersey via the George Washington Bridge.[15]

Westchester County

In Westchester County, Saw Mill River Road originally followed the Saw Mill River Parkway corridor from Eastview to Hawthorne. Ca. 1931, this section of Saw Mill River Road was designated as part of NY 142, a route that began at NY 100 on the Greenburgh – Mount Pleasant town line and followed Grasslands Road, NY 9A, and Saw Mill River Road north to Hawthorne, where it rejoined NY 100.[18][19] The route went unchanged until it was removed ca. 1938.[20][21] Its former routing was split into two routes—an extended NY 141 north of NY 9A and the new NY 100C along Grasslands Road—by 1940.[22] Ca. 1939, NY 9A was extended northward from Tarrytown to Archville, a small hamlet midway between Tarrytown and Ossining, by way of Sleepy Hollow Road.[23][24]

Farther north, a new highway was built around Ossining from Saw Mill River Road (NY 100) in Briarcliff Manor to US 9 north of Ossining. The highway, known as the Briarcliff–Peekskill Parkway, was completed in 1933 and initially designated as NY 404.[25][26] In the late 1940s, NY 9A was altered to continue north along a slightly realigned Saw Mill River Road from NY 100C near Elmsford to the south end of the Briarcliff–Peekskill Parkway in Briarcliff Manor. At this point, NY 9A left Saw Mill River Road and followed the parkway to its end at US 9, supplanting NY 404. The realignment created a 3-mile (5 km) overlap between NY 9A and NY 100 from Hawthorne to Briarcliff Manor and resulted in the truncation of NY 141 back to its previous terminus in Hawthorne.[27][28]

1974 photo of the collapsed section of the West Side Elevated Highway at 14th Street

Construction on the Croton Expressway, the only piece of the failed Hudson River Expressway project that was ever built, began in the mid-1960s.[29][30] It became part of a realigned US 9 when it was completed in 1967.[31] The former surface routing of US 9 along Albany Post Road between Croton-on-Hudson and Buchanan became a northward extension of NY 9A, which reached the old alignment by way of an overlap with US 9 from the north end of the Briarcliff–Peekskill Parkway to Croton-on-Hudson.[30]

New York City

As the Henry Hudson Parkway replaced Riverside Drive in the mid-1930s, NY 9A was moved onto it, eventually using the new parkway to where it crossed US 9 (Broadway) in the Bronx. Here, NY 9A exited the parkway and ran concurrent with US 9 to the split in Yonkers.[32][21] The Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel connecting Manhattan's Battery Park to Brooklyn was completed in 1950.[33] By 1960, an extension of the West Side Elevated Highway south to the Manhattan tunnel portal became part of NY 27A,[34] which had ended in Brooklyn prior to the construction of the tunnel.[35] On January 1, 1970, NY 27A was truncated on its western end to eastern Nassau County while NY 27 was extended northward over NY 27A's former routing through the Battery Tunnel and the West Side Elevated Highway.[36]

However, by 1973, NY 27 had been cut back to its interchange with the Gowanus Expressway in Brooklyn while I-478 was assigned to both the Battery Tunnel and all of the West Side Elevated Highway south of the Lincoln Tunnel. NY 9A was cut back to the Lincoln Tunnel as a result.[37][38] The extension of I-478 into Manhattan was eliminated following the collapse of part of the Elevated Highway in 1973,[39] which led to the demolition of the highway south of 59th Street. Demolition was completed in 1989.[40] The surface streets that the Elevated Highway had run atop of—West Street, 11th Avenue and 12th Avenue—became an extension of NY 9A at some point between 1985 and 1995.[41][42] In early 1996, construction began on a project to convert this section of NY 9A into the West Side Highway, a six-lane urban boulevard with a parkway-style median and decorative lightposts. The first of the project's seven segments—between Clarkson and Horatio Streets in the Greenwich Village neighborhood—was completed in 1998.[43] The last of the project's pieces was completed in August 2001.[44]

Major intersections


County Location Mile[2] Destinations Notes
New York
Manhattan 0.00 I-478 (Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel) / FDR Drive Northern terminus of I-478; southern terminus of FDR Drive
I-78 (Holland Tunnel) via Canal Street Eastern terminus of I-78
NY 495 (Lincoln Tunnel) via 30th Street Eastern terminus of NY 495
5.29 Henry Hudson Parkway / 72nd Street Southern terminus of NY 9A / Henry Hudson Parkway overlap; southern terminus of Henry Hudson Parkway
10.21 I-95 (George Washington Bridge) / US 1 / US 9
Bronx
The Bronx 15.34 US 9 south / Henry Hudson Parkway north Northern terminus of NY 9A / Henry Hudson Parkway overlap; southern terminus of US 9 / NY 9A overlap
Westchester
Yonkers 18.21 US 9 north Northern terminus of US 9 / NY 9A overlap
20.19 Saw Mill Parkway north
Ardsley 24.17 I-87 / Thruway Exit 7 (I-87 / Thruway)
Greenburgh 25.58 NY 100B Western terminus of NY 100B
Elmsford 28.13 NY 119
28.41 I-287 Exit 2 (I-287)
Greenburgh – Mount Pleasant line 29.54 NY 100C Western terminus of NY 100C
Mount Pleasant 30.94 Saw Mill Parkway north
32.02 NY 141 Western terminus of NY 141
32.22 NY 100 south Hamlet of Hawthorne; southern terminus of NY 9A / NY 100 overlap
33.35 NY 117
Briarcliff Manor – Mount Pleasant line 35.33 NY 100 north Northern terminus of NY 9A / NY 100 overlap
Village of Ossining 36.85 NY 133
Town of Ossining 38.20 NY 134
39.71 US 9 south Southern terminus of US 9 / NY 9A overlap
Croton-on-Hudson 40.36 US 9 north Northern terminus of US 9 / NY 9A overlap
Cortlandt 43.99 US 9
Peekskill 47.25 US 9
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also

NY-blank (cutout).svg New York Roads portal

References

  1. ^ a b Automobile Legal Association (ALA) Automobile Green Book, 1930–31 and 1931–32 editions, (Scarborough Motor Guide Co., Boston, 1930 and 1931). The 1930–31 edition shows New York state routes prior to the 1930 renumbering
  2. ^ a b c d "2008 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. pp. 106–107. https://www.nysdot.gov/divisions/engineering/technical-services/hds-respository/NYSDOT_Traffic_Data_Report_2008.pdf. Retrieved December 7, 2009. 
  3. ^ American Map. 2008 Road Atlas (Map). p. 80. 
  4. ^ "New York County Inventory Listing" (CSV). New York State Department of Transportation. October 1, 2009. https://www.nysdot.gov/divisions/engineering/technical-services/hds-repository2/INV_2009-10-01_NewYork.csv. Retrieved December 7, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Bronx County Inventory Listing" (CSV). New York State Department of Transportation. October 1, 2009. https://www.nysdot.gov/divisions/engineering/technical-services/hds-repository2/INV_2009-10-01_Bronx.csv. Retrieved December 7, 2009. 
  6. ^ Westchester County Department of Public Works (2009) (PDF). County and State Roads and Parks (Map). http://www.westchestergov.com/planningdocs/pdfmaps/countystateroadsparks.pdf. Retrieved December 7, 2009. 
  7. ^ Google, Inc. Google Maps – Yonkers, NY (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?om=1&ie=UTF8&ll=40.942208,-73.873186&spn=0.023146,0.057335&z=15. Retrieved October 26, 2007. 
  8. ^ Google, Inc. Google Maps – Elmsford, NY (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?om=1&ie=UTF8&ll=41.056055,-73.825893&spn=0.092423,0.22934&z=13. Retrieved October 26, 2007. 
  9. ^ Google, Inc. Google Maps – Briarcliff Manor, NY (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?om=1&ie=UTF8&ll=41.12928,-73.810616&spn=0.04616,0.11467&z=14. Retrieved October 26, 2007. 
  10. ^ Google, Inc. Google Maps – Ossining, NY (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?om=1&ie=UTF8&ll=41.170901,-73.837223&spn=0.046131,0.11467&z=14. Retrieved October 26, 2007. 
  11. ^ Google, Inc. Google Maps – Croton-on-Hudson, NY (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?om=1&ie=UTF8&ll=41.214821,-73.899536&spn=0.0461,0.11467&z=14. Retrieved October 26, 2007. 
  12. ^ Google, Inc. Google Maps – Cortlandt, NY (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?om=1&ie=UTF8&ll=41.257033,-73.92005&spn=0.04607,0.11467&z=14. Retrieved October 26, 2007. 
  13. ^ State of New York Department of Public Works (1926). Official Map Showing State Highways and other important roads (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. 
  14. ^ Automobile Blue Book. 1 (1927 ed.). Chicago: Automobile Blue Book, Inc. 1927.  This edition shows U.S. Routes as they were first officially signed in 1927.
  15. ^ a b "Mark Ways in the City". The New York Times: p. XX12. December 16, 1934. 
  16. ^ "Through Routes Mapped". The New York Times: p. XX6. March 20, 1932. 
  17. ^ "Routes Through New York City". The New York Times. November 12, 1933. 
  18. ^ Standard Oil Company of New York (1930). Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. 
  19. ^ Kendall Refining Company (1931). New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. 
  20. ^ Shell Oil Company (1937). Shell Road Map – New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. 
  21. ^ a b Esso (1938). New York Road Map for 1938 (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. 
  22. ^ Gulf Oil Company (1940). New York Info-Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. 
  23. ^ Thibodeau, William A. (1938). The ALA Green Book (1938–39 ed.). Automobile Legal Association. 
  24. ^ Standard Oil Company (1939). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. 
  25. ^ National Bridge Inventory, a database compiled by the United States Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, available at www.nationalbridges.com. Accessed September 6, 2007.
  26. ^ Texas Oil Company (1934). Texaco Road Map – New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. 
  27. ^ State of New York Department of Public Works. Official Highway Map of New York State (Map). Cartography by General Drafting (1947–48 ed.). 
  28. ^ Esso (1949). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting (1950 ed.). 
  29. ^ Sinclair Oil Corporation (1964). New York and Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. 
  30. ^ a b H.M. Gousha Company (1967). Gousha Road Atlas (Map). http://www.broermapsonline.org/members/NorthAmerica/UnitedStates/Midatlantic/NewYork/NewYorkCity/gousha_ra_1967_038.html. Retrieved December 29, 2009. 
  31. ^ Anderson, Steve. "Croton Expressway (US 9)". NYCRoads. http://www.nycroads.com/roads/croton/. Retrieved December 29, 2009. 
  32. ^ Sun Oil Company (1935). Road Map & Historical Guide – New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. 
  33. ^ Falk, Sam (May 25, 1950). "Tube to Brooklyn Will Open Today". The New York Times: p. 30. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F50E10FF3B5F177A93C7AB178ED85F448585F9. Retrieved December 29, 2009. 
  34. ^ Gulf Oil Company (1960). New York and New Jersey Tourgide Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. 
  35. ^ Socony-Vacuum Oil Company (1950). New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. 
  36. ^ State of New York Department of Transportation (January 1, 1970) (PDF). Official Description of Touring Routes in New York State. http://www.greaternyroads.info/pdfs/state70.pdf. Retrieved December 29, 2009. 
  37. ^ Shell Oil Company (1973). New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company (1973 ed.). 
  38. ^ New York State Department of Transportation (1975). Central Park Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. http://www.nysgis.state.ny.us/gisdata/quads/drg24/dotpreview/index.cfm?code=hh47. Retrieved December 28, 2009. 
  39. ^ Perlmutter, Emanuel (December 17, 1973). "Indefinite Closing Is Set For West Side Highway; Northbound Road Closed". The New York Times: p. 41. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F50D1FFE3B59147A93C5A81789D95F478785F9. Retrieved December 29, 2009. 
  40. ^ Levine, Richard (January 6, 1989). "Highway's Demise: Nightmare for Drivers". The New York Times: p. B1. http://www.nytimes.com/1989/01/06/nyregion/highway-s-demise-nightmare-for-drivers.html. Retrieved December 29, 2009. 
  41. ^ Rand McNally and Company (1985). New York (Map). ISBN 0-528-91040-X. 
  42. ^ Rand McNally and Company (1995). New York (Map). ISBN 0-528-96764-9. 
  43. ^ Stamler, Bernard (June 21, 1998). "Neighborhood Report: West Side; Route 9A: Long Overdue but Ahead of Schedule". The New York Times: p. 145. http://www.nytimes.com/1998/06/21/nyregion/neighborhood-report-west-side-route-9a-long-overdue-but-ahead-of-schedule.html. Retrieved December 29, 2009. 
  44. ^ Anderson, Steve. "West Side Highway (NY 9A)". NYCRoads. http://www.nycroads.com/roads/west-side/. Retrieved December 29, 2009. 

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • New York State Route 62 — may refer to: New York State Route 62 (1920s–1930) in Allegany, Wyoming, Genesee, and Orleans Counties New York State Route 62 (1930–1932) in Cattaraugus and Erie Counties U.S. Route 62 in New York, the only route numbered 62 in New York since ca …   Wikipedia

  • New York State Route 2A — may refer to: New York State Route 2A (mid 1920s–1927) in St. Lawrence County New York State Route 2A (1930–1939) in the Finger Lakes region New York State Route 2A (1939 – early 1940s) in Seneca County This article includes a list of roads,… …   Wikipedia

  • New York State Route 11 — may refer to: New York State Route 11 (1924–1927) in Central New York U.S. Route 11 (New York), the only route numbered 11 in New York since 1926 This article includes a list of roads, streets, highways, or other routes that are associated with… …   Wikipedia

  • New York State Route 20 — may refer to: New York State Route 20 (1924–1927) in Central New York U.S. Route 20 (New York) U.S. Route 20A (New York) This article includes a list of roads, streets, highways, or other routes that are associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • New York State Route 4 — may refer to: New York State Route 4 (1924–1927) in the Finger Lakes region U.S. Route 4 in New York, the only route numbered 4 in New York since 1926 This article includes a list of roads, streets, highways, or other routes that are associated… …   Wikipedia

  • New York State Route 3C — may refer to: New York State Route 3C (1930–1932) in Cayuga, Oswego, and Jefferson Counties New York State Route 3C (1932–1935) in Monroe County This article includes a list of roads, streets, highways, or other routes that are associated with… …   Wikipedia

  • New York State Route 3E — may refer to: New York State Route 3E (1930–1932) in Wayne, Cayuga, and western Oswego Counties New York State Route 3E (1932–1935) in central Oswego County This article includes a list of roads, streets, highways, or other routes that are… …   Wikipedia

  • New York State Route 3B — may refer to: New York State Route 3B (1930–1932) in Orleans and Monroe Counties New York State Route 3B (1932–1935) in Niagara and Orleans Counties This article includes a list of roads, streets, highways, or other routes that are associated… …   Wikipedia

  • New York State Route 3D — may refer to: New York State Route 3D (1931–1932) in central Oswego County New York State Route 3D (1932–1935) in Cayuga, Oswego, and Jefferson Counties This article includes a list of roads, streets, highways, or other routes that are associated …   Wikipedia

  • New York State Route 3F — may refer to: New York State Route 3F (1931–1932) in Jefferson County New York State Route 3F (1932–1935) in Wayne, Cayuga, and Oswego Counties This article includes a list of roads, streets, highways, or other routes that are associated with the …   Wikipedia

  • New York State Route 9C — may refer to: New York State Route 9C (1920s–1930) in the Capital District New York State Route 9C (1930 – early 1930s) in the Lower Hudson Valley This article includes a list of roads, streets, highways, or other routes that are associated with… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.