- Football in Iran
right|thumb|Azadi Football Stadium is the biggest venue for Iranian football (soccer). Its also the world's 3rd largest soccer stadium.
Iranis quite possibly the most popular sport, with only wrestlingbeing able to match its popularity. Football has been a part of life for Iranians for many decades now and is played in schools, alleys, streets and football clubs nationwide.
History of football in Iran
Football was an unknown sport in
Iranuntil British sailors and workers introduced the game in 1907. At that time they were working at port cities Bushire, Khorramshahr, Bandar Abbasand major oil refineries such as Masjed Soleimanin the province of Khuzestan. The British played among themselves at first, as 22 men in shorts chasing after a plastic ball seemed to be more of a joke than a game to Iranians. The skepticism was short-lived and eventually the Iranian workers started playing as well.
1907 was the year that British Ambassador in
Tehranby the name of Cecil Spring-Ricefounded Iran's first Footbal Tournament which had only 3 teams [http://www.britishembassy.gov.uk/servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1034876894710 Embassy of Great Britain] , Imperial Bank of Persiaand [http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/unicode/v13f1/v13f1009.html Indo-European Telegraph Company] .
In the same year, "Tehran Football Association Club", an organising body for arranging football matches was established. However all teams were made up of British residents of Tehran, although when teams didn't have enough players they sometimeschose Iranian bystanders to come on the field and play. The first Iranian player was Karim Zandi who played from 1908 to 1916.He was the reason other Iranians became motivated and interested in the sport. It became every young Iranian's dream to play alongside theseBritish residents of Tehran. All matches were played at around Mashq Square.
In 1910 Dr.
Samuel M. Jordan, the principal of American School (currently known as Alborz High School) in Tehran, introduced football as part of the school's curriculum.Four years later 1914, start of World War Oneput an end to these football matches and football programs.
Then in 1918 football matches recommenced and 1920 saw the establishment of Iran's first football club called "Iran Club". The squad consisted of"Karim Zandi, Khan-Salar brothers, Amir-Aslani brothers, Mohammad Ali Shokooh, Azizollah Afkkhami,Reza Kalantar, Sheybani, Hasan Meftah, Herand, Galustyan, Khajeh-Noori, Reza Rabizadeh,Hambarson,Ashrafi."These group of players won the Tehran Association Cup in 1923. In the same yeara new club was established called "Tehran Club", this followed by creation of "Armenian Sports Club" and "Toofan Club", and in 1925 Tehran Club reached the final and defeated British Select Team of Tehran 2-1.
In 1925 Tehran XI(selected players from Tehran Club, Toofan Club and Armenian Sports)traveled across the border to
Baku, USSR, this was the first away football match for an Iranian team. This Tehran Select team is the predessor of Iran's national football team.
The results were as follow:
*Tehran XI 0 Baku XI 2
*Tehran XI 0 Baku Faculty of Petroleum 0
*Tehran XI 1 Kolony Baku 4
After this Football started becoming more popular and more clubs were founded such as
Tehran Pars F.C.and Kian F.C.. Some footballers even moved abroad such as Hossein Sadaghianiand Khan-Salar brothers who played in Belgian Football Leagues. Hossein Sadaghianifor instance after returning to Iran from Europe, became active in sharing the knowledge of the game and also with growth of football, he coached football teams of University of Tehranand Ferdowsi University of Mashad.
Teams from Khuzestan were always the most successful was the powerhouse the 50's and early 60's, but the game had become very popular in Iran by then. Tehran slowly started becoming the football capital of Iran, and numerous great clubs emerged from there.
Shahin FC, Oghab FC, and Taj, were all Tehran teams established in the mid 1940's which even to this day have a great following.As the number of club teams increased the need for a national league became apparent, and ever since 1960, with the exception of a few years, a nationwide football league has existed in Iran. The Takhte Jamshid Cup, Azadegan League and the IPL being the most important ones.
The very first match that the Iranian national football team played was on
January 1, 1941away at Afghanistan. The first two decades of international football for Iran was uneventful, but the 60's and 70's was when Iran established itself as one of Asia's top sides. They won the Asian Cupin 1968, 1972 and 1976, the 1974 Asian Gamesfootball tournament, qualified for the 1964,1972,1976 and 1980 Olympic Gamesand most importantly qualified for World Cup 1978 in Argentina.
Iranian Revolutionand the Iran–Iraq Warsoon occurred and football was downplayed, but the national team has made a comeback in recent years, qualifying for the 1998 Football World Cup and recording their first win ever in World Cup (against the United States) and also qualifying for the 2006 tournament in Germany.
The league and national team are administrated by the Iranian FA known as the I.R.I.F.F. The I.R.I.F.F has also been a member of
FIFAsince 1945 and the Asian Football Confederationsince 1958.The Federation receives most of its budget from the Iranian government's Physical Education Department, and also from sponsorships with various companies.
Azadi Stadium, Tehran
Ali Daei Stadium, Ardebil
Dr. Azodi Stadium, Rasht
Bagh Shomal Stadium, Tabriz
Foolad Shahr Stadium, Isfahan
Hafezieh Stadium, Shiraz
Iran Khodro Stadium, Karaj
Naghsh-e-Jahan Stadium, Isfahan
Nassiri Stadium, Yazd
Rah Ahan Stadium, Tehran
Samen Stadium, Mashhad
Shahid Dastgerdi Stadium, Tehran
Shahid Shiroudi Stadium, Tehran
Shiroudi Stadium, Karaj
Shohada Stadium, Noshahr
Yadegar-e-Emam Stadium, Tabriz
Shahid Salemikia, Kerman
Shahid Bahonar, Kerman
*Azadegan League (Post 2001)
Football around the world
Futsal in Iran
Iran national football team
Iran national futsal team
List of football clubs in Iran
List of ex-pat Iranian football clubs
Women's Football in Iran
Sports in Iran
* [http://www.iriff.ir/ Iran's National Football Federation]
* [http://www.iransportspress.com/ Iran Sports Press]
* [http://www.teammelli.com/ National team archive]
* [http://www.parsfootball.com/ Pars Football]
* [http://www.persianleague.com/ Persian Football League]
* [http://www.persianfootball.com/ PFDC-Persian Football Dot Com]
* [http://www.parssport.ir/football/iran/iran.htm Parssport: History of Football in Iran]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Women's football in Iran — Association football in Iran is very popular. Football has been a part of life for Iranians for many decades now and is played in schools, alleys, streets and football clubs nationwide. Women in Iran are increasingly inclined to play football,… … Wikipedia
Iran national football team — Infobox National football team Name = Iran ایران Badge = IRIFFlogoclear.jpg FIFA Trigramme = IRN FIFA Rank = 48 1st ranking date = August 1993 FIFA max = 15 FIFA max date = July 2005 FIFA min = 122 FIFA min date = May 1996 Elo Rank = 22 Elo max … Wikipedia
Iran national under-23 football team — Infobox National football team Name = Iran Under 23 Badge = IRIFFlogoclear.jpg FIFA Trigramme = IRI Nickname = Team Melli Omid ( The Hope National Team ) Association = I.R.I.F.F. Coach = flagicon|CRO Nenad Nikolić Asst Manager = Captain = Hossein … Wikipedia
Iran women's national football team — National football team women Name = Iran Badge = IRIFFlogoclear.jpg Nickname = Team Melli Zanan ( The Ladies National Team ) Association = I.R.I.F.F. Coach = flagicon|IRN Shahrzad Mozafar, 2007 Most caps = Top scorer = Home Stadium = Ararat… … Wikipedia
Iran national under-20 football team — Infobox National football team Name = Iran Under 20 Badge = Badge size = 100px FIFA Trigramme = IRN Nickname = Team Melli Javanan ( The Youth National Team ) Association = I.R.I.F.F. Coach = flagicon|CRO Nenad Nikolić Assistant Manager = Captain … Wikipedia
Football revolution — The football revolution (or soccer revolution) refers to the events in Iran since 1997 in the context of football in that country, a notable part of the secularization and women s rights movements. Since that time, restrictions on women have been … Wikipedia
Iran national beach soccer team — Infobox National football team Name = Iran ایران Badge = IRIFFlogoclear.jpg FIFA Trigramme = IRN Nickname = Team melli Football Saheli (Persian: تیم ملی فوتبال ساحلی) The National Beach Football Team Association = IRIFF Confederation = AFC Coach … Wikipedia
Iran national futsal team — Infobox National futsal team Name = Iran Badge = IRIFFlogoclear.jpg FIFA Trigramme = IRN FIFA Rank = FIFA max = FIFA max date = FIFA min = FIFA min date = Nickname = Association = I.R.I.F.F. Confederation = AFC (Asia) Coach = Flagicon|Iran… … Wikipedia
Iran-Russie En Football — L article liste les confrontations entre l équipe de Russie ou l équipe d URSS contre l équipe d Iran en football. Les confrontations URSS Iran Date Lieu Match Score Compétition 14 mars 1969 … Wikipédia en Français
Iran-Russie en football — L article liste les confrontations entre l équipe de Russie ou l équipe d URSS contre l équipe d Iran en football. Les confrontations URSS Iran Date Lieu Match Score Compétition 14 mars 1969 … Wikipédia en Français