Al-Dinawari

Infobox_Muslim scholars | notability = Muslim scholar| era = Islamic golden age| color = #cef2e0 |


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| name = Ābu Ḥanīfah Āḥmad ibn Dawūd Dīnawārī | title= Al-Dinawari| birth = 828CE| death = 896CE| Maddhab = | school tradition= | Ethnicity =
Region = | main_interests = botanist, historian, geographer, metallurgy, astronomer and mathematician | notable idea=
works =
influences = | influenced = |

Ābu Ḥanīfah Āḥmad ibn Dawūd Dīnawārī (828 - 896) was a Kurdish polymath excelling as much in astronomy, agriculture, botany and metallurgy and as he did in geography, mathematics and history. [ [http://www.kurdistanica.com/?q=node/81 Abu-Hanifa Ahmad Dinawari] ] He was born in Dinawar, (halfway between Hamadan and Kermanshah in present-day western Iran). He studied astronomy, mathematics and mechanics in Isfahan and philology and poetry in Kufa and Basra. He died on July 24, 896 at Dinawar. His most renowned contribution is "Book of Plants", for which he is considered the founder of Arabic botany. He is also considered among the very first writers to discuss the ancestry of the Kurds. He wrote a book about this subject called "Ansâb al-Akrâd" ("Ancestry of the Kurds").

Works

Mathematics and Natural Sciences

#Kitâb al-jabr wa'l-muqâbila ("Book of Algebra")
#Kitâb al-nabât ("Book of Plants")
#Kitâb al-kusuf ("Book of Solar Eclipses")
#Kitâb al-radd alâ rasad al-Isfahâni ("Refutation of al-Isfahani's Astronomical Observations")
#Kitâb al-hisâb ("Book of Arithmetics")
#Bahth fi hisâb al-Hind ("Analysis of Indian Arithmetics")
#Kitâb al-jam' wa'l-tafriq ("Book of Arithmetics")
#Kitab al-qibla wa'l-ziwal ("Book of Astral Orientations")
#Kitâb al-anwâ' ("Book of Weather")
#Islâh al-mantiq ("Improvement upon Logic")

ocial Sciences and Humanities

#Akhbâr al-tiwâl ("General History")
#Kitâb al-kabir ("Grand Book" in history of sciences)
#Kitâb al-fisâha ("Book of Rhetorics")
#Kitâb al-buldân ("Book of Geography")
#Kitâb al-shi'r wa'l-shu'arâ ("Book of Poetry and Poets")
#Ansâb al-Akrâd ("Ancestry of the Kurds").

Translations

His "General History" has been edited and published numerous times (Vladimir Guirgass, 1888; Muhammad Sa'id Rafi'i, 1911; 'Abd al-Munim 'Amir & Jamal al-din Shayyal, 1960; Isam Muhammad al-Hajj 'Ali, 2001), but has not been translated into a Western language.

"Book of Plants"

Botany

Al-Dinawari is considered the founder of Arabic botany for his "Kitab al-Nabat" ("Book of Plants"), which consisted of six volumes. Only the third and fifth volumes have survived, though the sixth volume has partly been reconstructed based on citations from later works. In the surviving portions of his works, 637 plants are described from the letters "sin" to "ya". He also discusses plant evolution from its birth to its death, describing the phases of plant growth and the production of flowers and fruit.citation|last=Fahd|first=Toufic|contribution=Botany and agriculture|pages=815, in Harvard reference |last1=Morelon |first1=Régis |last2=Rashed |first2=Roshdi |year=1996 |title=Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science |volume=3 |publisher=Routledge |isbn=0415124107 |pages=813-852]

Astronomy and meteorology

Parts of al-Dinawari's "Book of Plants" deals with the applications of Islamic astronomy and meteorology to agriculture. It describes the astronomical and meteorological character of the sky, the planets and constellations, the sun and moon, the lunar phases indicating seasons and rain, the "anwa" (heavenly bodies of rain), and atmospheric phenomena such as winds, thunder, lightning, snow, floods, valleys, rivers, lakes, wells and other sources of water.

Earth sciences

Parts of al-Dinawari's "Book of Plants" deals with the Earth sciences in the context of agriculture. He considers the Earth, stone and sands, and describes different types of ground, indicating which types are more convenient for plants and the qualities and properties of good ground.

References

External links

* [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9030488 Dinawari at Encyclopedia Britannica]
* [http://www.kurdistanica.com/?q=node/81 Abu-Hanifa Ahmad Dinawari in Encyclopaedia KURDISTANICA]
* [http://wattlesoft.com/books/viewbook/The_Book_of_plants_of_Abu_Hanifa_ad_Dinawari;-B0006AVA0I.html The Book of plants of Abu Hanifa ad-Dinawari]

ee also

*Muslim Agricultural Revolution


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Dīnawarī, ad- — ▪ Persian astronomer and botanist , in full Abū Ḥanīfah Aḥmad Ibn Dāʾūd Al dīnawarī born c. 815 died c. 895, /902       Persian astronomer, botanist, and historian, whose interest in Hellenism and the Arabic humanities has been compared with that …   Universalium

  • Abū Ḥanīfa Dīnawarī — Al Dinawari redirects here. For other uses, see Al Dinawari (disambiguation). Muslim scholar Ābu Ḥanīfah Āḥmad ibn Dawūd Dīnawarī Title Al Dinawari Born 828CE Died 896CE Ethnicity …   Wikipedia

  • Ad-Dinawari — Ahmad ibn Dāwūd ad Dīnawarī, Abū Hanīfa (arabisch ‏أبو حنيفة أحمد بن داود الدينورِي‎, DMG Aḥmad b. Dāwūd ad Dīnawarī, Abū Ḥanīfa; * 828 in Dinawar[1] ; † 889 oder 895) war ein Botaniker, Historiker, Geograph, Astronom und Mathematiker. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Al-Dinawari — Ābu Ḥanīfah Āḥmad ibn Dawūd Dīnawārī (828 896) était un botaniste, historien, astronome et mathématicien kurde. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Le livre des plantes 3 Œuvres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ad-Dīnawarī — Ahmad ibn Dāwūd ad Dīnawarī, Abū Hanīfa (arabisch ‏أبو حنيفة أحمد بن داود الدينورِي‎, DMG Aḥmad b. Dāwūd ad Dīnawarī, Abū Ḥanīfa; * 828 in Dinawar[1] ; † 889 oder 895) war ein Botaniker, Historiker, Geograph, Astronom und Mathematiker.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Botany — Botanist redirects here. A botanist is a person engaged in botany. Plant biology redirects here. For the journal, see Functional Plant Biology. For other uses, see Botany (disambiguation) and Botanic (disambiguation). Pinguicula grandiflora… …   Wikipedia


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