Minister of Foreign Affairs (Canada)
Minister of Foreign Affairs Ministry Federal
since 18 May 2011
Style The Honourable Appointed by David Lloyd Johnston
as Governor General of Canada
First André Ouellet Formation 4 November 1993 Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure Website www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca Canada
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The Minister of Foreign Affairs (French: Ministre des Affaires étrangères) is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for overseeing the federal government's international relations section of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. In addition to the Department, the Minister is also the lead in overseeing the, the International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development and the International Development Research Centre.
From 1909 to 1993 the position was known as the Secretary of State for External Affairs. The current minister is John Baird. Ministers holding the External Affairs and Foreign Affairs portfolios have sometimes played prominent international roles:
- Lester B. Pearson (a future Prime Minister) defused the Suez Crisis and established the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces and as a result received the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize.
- Joe Clark (a former Prime Minister) led opposition to South Africa's Apartheid system in the Commonwealth of Nations, against initial resistance from the British government of Margaret Thatcher and the United States government.
- Lloyd Axworthy brought about the Ottawa Treaty, banning anti-personnel landmines in most countries of the world.
As in Pearson's case (and that of Louis St. Laurent, his predecessor), the portfolio can be a final stepping stone to the Prime Minister's Office. Until 1946, it was customary for the office to be held by the sitting Prime Minister. John Diefenbaker would hold the portfolio on two subsequent occasions.
No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry 1 André Ouellet November 4, 1993 January 24, 1996 Liberal 26 (Chrétien) 2 Lloyd Axworthy January 25, 1996 October 16, 2000 Liberal 3 John Manley October 17, 2000 January 15, 2002 Liberal 4 Bill Graham January 15, 2002 December 11, 2003 Liberal December 12, 2003 July 19, 2004 27 (Martin) 5 Pierre Pettigrew July 20, 2004 February 5, 2006 Liberal 6 Peter MacKay February 6, 2006 August 14, 2007 Conservative 28 (Harper) 7 Maxime Bernier August 14, 2007 May 26, 2008 Conservative 8 David Emerson May 26, 2008 October 20, 2008 Conservative 9 Lawrence Cannon October 30, 2008 May 18, 2011 Conservative 10 John Baird May 18, 2011 Incumbent Conservative
Official Opposition Foreign Affairs Critics
Secretaries of State for External Affairs (1909-1983) Ministers of External Affairs (1983-1995) Ministers of Foreign Affairs (1995-)
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