Teleorman County

: "Teleorman redirects here. For the river, see Teleorman River."Romanian counties infobox
name=Teleorman



coa=Actual_Teleorman_county_CoA.pngHistoric region=Oltenia
Development region=Sud
capital=Alexandria, Romania
ind=TR
population=436,025
asof=2002
density=75
area=5,790
webc=http://www.cjteleorman.ro/
webp=http://www.prefecturateleorman.ro/
telpref=47

Teleorman (IPA2|te.'le.or.man) is a county (judeţ) of Romania, in the historical region Oltenia, with its capital city at Alexandria.

The name "Teleorman" is of Cumanic (Turkic) origin. It literally means "crazy forest" (Deli orman) and, by extension, "thick and shadowy forest" in the Cuman language. It can be encountered in other toponyms, such as the Turkish name of the Ludogorie Plateau in northeastern Bulgaria.

Demographics

In 2002, it had a population of 436,025 and the population density was 75/km².

*Romanians - 96.76% [National Institute of Statistics, " [http://www.recensamant.ro/pagini/tabele/t40a.pdf "Populaţia după etnie"] "]
*Roma - 3.18%

Geography

This county has a total area of 5,790 km².

Two distinctive elements can be found:
* In the North and center there are plains from the Romanian Plain. They are separated by small rivers, which sometimes form deep valleys.
* In the South there is the Danube valley, very wide, with ponds and small channels.

Beside the Danube, the main river crossing the county is the Olt River which flows into the Danube close to the village of Islaz. Other important rivers are: the Vedea River, the Teleorman River and the Călmăţui River.

Neighbours

*Giurgiu County in the East.
*Olt County in the West.
*Argeş County and Dâmboviţa County in the North.
*Bulgaria in the South - Veliko Tarnovo Province and Pleven Province.

Economy

The predominant industries in the county are:
* Food and beverages industry.
* Textile industry.
* Chemical industry.
* Mechanical components industry - in Alexandria there is a big roll-bearing enterprise.

Agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Both extensive agriculture, and small scale - vegetables and fruits for Bucharest markets, is practiced. The area is well suited for irrigations.

Tourism

The county doesn't have many spectacular attractions, but its cultural folk heritage is very rich. Many Romanian personalities have been born here, some of them later describing the life in a village in a very picturesque way. Also, the area was one of the places where the Wallachian Revolution of 1848 unfolded.

The main tourist destinations are:
* The city of Alexandria.
* Fishing on the Danube and other lakes or ponds.

Administrative divisions

The county has 3 municipalities, 2 towns and 93 communes.

Municipalities

* Alexandria - capital city; population: 59,308
* Roşiorii de Vede
* Turnu Măgurele

Towns

* Zimnicea - the southernmost locality in Romania
* Videle

Communes

References


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