Dolj County

Dolj County
—  County (Judeţ)  —

Coat of arms
Country  Romania
Development region1 Sud-Vest
Historic region Oltenia
Capital city Craiova
 - Type County Board
 - President of the County Board Ion Prioteasa
 - Prefect2 Silviu Dumitru
 - Total 7,414 km2 (2,862.6 sq mi)
Area rank 7th in Romania
Population (2002)
 - Total 734,231
 - Rank 4th in Romania
 - Density 99/km2 (256.4/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 20wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x514
Car Plates DJ5
GDP US$ 5.64 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 7,673 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1 The development regions of Romania have no administrative role and were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after his resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionaries' corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Dolj (Romanian pronunciation: [dolʒ]; originally meant Dol(no)-Jiu, "lower Jiu", toward Gorj (upper Jiu)[citation needed]) is a county (judeţ) of Romania, in Oltenia, with the capital city at Craiova (population: 314,437).



In 2002, it had a population of 734,231 and a population density of 99/km².

  • Romanians – over 96%[1]
  • Romas (Gypsies) – 3%
  • Others almost 1%.
Year County population[2]
1948 615,301
1956 642,028
1966 691,116
1977 750,328
1992 762,142
2002 734,231


This county has a total area of 7,414 km².

The entire area is flat, a plain with the Danube on the South forming a wide valley, and crossed by the Jiu River in the middle. Also other small rivers flow, each one forming ints small valley. There are some lakes across the county and many ponds and channel on the Danube valley. 6% of the county's area is a desert [1].



Agriculture is the county's main industry. The county has a land that is ideal for growing cereals, vegetables and wines. All other industries are mainly located in the city of Craiova, the largest city in southwestern Romania.

The county's main industries:

  • Automotive industry – Ford has a factory.
  • Heavy electrical and transport equipment – Electroputere Craiova is the largest factory plant in Romania.
  • Aeronautics
  • Chemicals processing
  • Foods and beverages
  • Textiles
  • Mechanical parts and components

There are two small ports on the shore of the Danube river – Bechet and Calafat.



Major tourist attractions:

Administrative divisions

Dolj County 3 municipalities, 4 towns and 104 communes


  1. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"

External links

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