The Barbary Wars (or Tripolitan Wars) were two wars between the United States of America and
Barbary Statesin North Africain the early 19th century. At issue was the pirates' demand of tribute from American merchant vessels in the Mediterranean Sea. American naval power attacked the pirate cities and extracted concessions of fair passage from their rulers. The Barbary Wars are sometimes called " America's Forgotten War", although they share that name with several other conflicts. The wars largely passed out of popular memory within a generation.
The punitive actions against the
Barbary Stateswere launched by the administrations of Thomas Jeffersonand James Madison. When they proved successful, partisans of the Democratic-Republicans contrasted their administrations' refusal to buy off the pirates with the failure of the preceding federalist administration to live up to the rhetorical flight, "Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute," attributed to Charles C. Pinckneyin the course of the XYZ Affair, though actually said by Sen. Robert Goodloe Harper.
First Barbary War(1801-1805)
Second Barbary War(1815)
*London, Joshua E. "Victory in Tripoli: How America's War with the Barbary Pirates Established the U.S. Navy and Shaped a Nation". New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005. ISBN 0-471-44415-4
* Oren, Michael. [http://www.michaeloren.com] "Early American Encounters in the Middle East." "Power, Faith, and Fantasy." New York: Norton, 2007.
* Boot, Max. "The Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise of American Power." New York: Basic Books, 2002. ISBN 0-465-00720-1
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Barbary pirate — The Barbary pirates, also sometimes called Ottoman corsairs, were Muslim pirates and privateers that operated from North Africa, from the time of the Crusades until the early 19th century. Based in North African ports such as Tunis in Tunisia,… … Wikipedia
Barbary corsairs — Hayreddin Barbarossa, an Ottoman admiral The Barbary Corsairs, sometimes called Ottoman Corsairs or Barbary Pirates, were pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Tunis, Tripoli and Algiers. This area … Wikipedia
Barbary Slave Trade — The Barbary Slave Trade refers to the slave markets which flourished on the Barbary Coast, or modern day Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Western Libya between the 16th and 19th centuries. These markets prospered while the states were nominally… … Wikipedia
Barbary States — Four states of Northern Africa Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli that plundered seaborne commerce for centuries. With the exception of Morocco, they were nominally part of the Ottoman Empire. Surviving by blackmail, they received great sums … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
Barbary Coast Wars — U.S. Hist. wars fought along the coast of North Africa 1801 15 over the harassment of U.S. ships despite the payment of tribute money to the piratical Barbary States. Cf. Tripolitan War. * * * … Universalium
Barbary Coast Wars — U.S. Hist. wars fought along the coast of North Africa 1801 15 over the harassment of U.S. ships despite the payment of tribute money to the piratical Barbary States. Cf. Tripolitan War … Useful english dictionary
Barbary pirate — any of the Muslim pirates operating from the coast of North Africa, at their most powerful during the 17th century but still active until the 19th century. Captains, who formed a class in Algiers and Tunis, commanded cruisers outfitted by… … Universalium
First Barbary War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict= Barbary War caption=Burning of the frigate Philadelphia in the harbor of Tripoli, February 16, 1804, by Edward Moran, painted 1897, depicts a naval action of the First Barbary War. date=1801–1805… … Wikipedia
Second Barbary War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Second Barbary War partof=Barbary Wars caption= partof=Barbary Wars date=c. 1812 1816 place=Mediterranean sea, Barbary states result=Decisive American victory and de facto British victory combatant1= (from 1815) … Wikipedia
Decatur's Squadron in the Second Barbary War — Decatur s Squadron was a United States Navy squadron commanded by Commodore Stephen Decatur in the Second Barbary War. Categories: History of the United States NavyUnited States Navy ship squadronsBarbary Wars … Wikipedia