Marus


Marus
Marus
Marus is located in Mandatory Palestine
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Marus
Arabic ماروس
District Safad
Coordinates 33°01′43.38″N 35°31′41.61″E / 33.0287167°N 35.528225°E / 33.0287167; 35.528225Coordinates: 33°01′43.38″N 35°31′41.61″E / 33.0287167°N 35.528225°E / 33.0287167; 35.528225
Population 93 (1948)
Area
Date of depopulation 26 May 1948/ 30 October 1948[1]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Secondary cause Military assault by Yishuv forces

Marus (Arabic: ماروس‎) was a Palestinian village 7 km northeast of Safad in the District of Safad, that was captured by Israel during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war during the Israeli military operation Operation Hiram by the Israeli attacking brigade Sheva' Brigade.

Contents

History

Kfar Meroth archaeological site 1st century BCE to 12th century CE synagogue and oldest known beit midrash (study hall) in Israel[citation needed]

In 1596, Marus was part of the Ottoman Empire, a village in the nahiya (subdistrict) of Jira under the liwa' ("district") of Safad, with a population of 176. It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, and fruits as well as on goats.[2]

In the British mandate period the village was classified as a hamlet by the Palestine Index Gazetteer, and its entire population was Muslim.[3]

In 1944/45, the village had a population of 80, and it cultivated a total of 903 dunums with cereals, while 108 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[4]

1948, and after

The village was captured by Israel during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war during the Israeli military operation Operation Hiram.

According to the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, describing the village land in 1992: "The site contains some olive and fig trees as well as stones from ruined homes. The surrounding land is used for grazing."[5]

See also

  • List of Arab towns and villages depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War

References

  1. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xiv, village #41. Also gives causes of depopulation.
  2. ^ Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 178. Quoted in Khalidi (1992), p. 475
  3. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 475
  4. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 475, 476
  5. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 476

Bibliography

External links


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