Foundations of Natural Right
Foundations of Natural Right is a philosophical text by the German philosopher
Johann Gottlieb Fichteand it was first published in 1797. The book is one of Fichte's most important and one of his broadest books in terms of subjects covered.
The book begins with the subject of
self-consciousness. Fichte believes that self-consciousness requires resistance from exterior objects, but this resistance can only come from other rational beings, making consciousness a social phenomenon. Because of this, people are inevitably involved in relations with others that Fichte calls a 'relation of right.' The relation of right relies on mutual recognition of rationality and consciousness by all parties involved. Each conscious agent, Fichte thinks, should retain their own 'sphere of freedom' in which they are free from outside forces.
As the text continues, Fichte uses the idea of the 'sphere of freedom' to establish what he calls 'original right.' Original right is a fictitious concept in which a being can exist only as a cause, and never "be" caused or effected by exterior forces. To violate one's original right is to violate one's freedom and to commit coercion.
To combat coercion, Fichte suggests taking away any incentive to commit such a crime. Namely, there must be a society that, whenever one attempts to commit a crime, the exact opposite of the criminal's intention will occur. He then concludes that a society such as this could only exist in a commonwealth, and goes on to discuss the exact nature of such a commonwealth.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Natural law — For other uses, see Natural law (disambiguation). Natural law, or the law of nature (Latin: lex naturalis), is any system of law which is purportedly determined by nature, and thus universal. Classically, natural law refers to the use of… … Wikipedia
Natural and legal rights — Inalienable redirects here. For the 2008 film, see InAlienable. For the concept of alienation in property law, see Alienation (property law). Rights Theoretical distinctions … Wikipedia
Natural language processing — (NLP) is a field of computer science and linguistics concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages; it began as a branch of artificial intelligence. In theory, natural language processing is a very attractive… … Wikipedia
Natural scientific research in Canada — This article outlines the history of natural scientific research in Canada, including mathematics, physics, astronomy, space science, geology, oceanography, chemistry, biology, medical research and psychology. The social sciences are not treated… … Wikipedia
Natural deduction — In logic and proof theory, natural deduction is a kind of proof calculus in which logical reasoning is expressed by inference rules closely related to the natural way of reasoning. This contrasts with the axiomatic systems which instead use… … Wikipedia
Natural resource — Primary resource redirects here. For original sources used in research, see Primary source. The rainforest on Fatu Hiva, Marquesas Islands is an example of an undisturbed natural resource. Forest provides timber for humans; food and shelter for… … Wikipedia
Natural gas — For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). Natural gas extraction by countries in cubic meters per year. Natural gas is a naturally occurring gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, typically with 0–20% higher hydrocarbons … Wikipedia
New Foundations — In mathematical logic, New Foundations (NF) is an axiomatic set theory, conceived by Willard Van Orman Quine as a simplification of the theory of types of Principia Mathematica. Quine first proposed NF in a 1937 article titled New Foundations for … Wikipedia
Addition of natural numbers/Proofs — Mathematical proofs for addition of the natural numbers: additive identity, commutativity, and associativity. These proofs are used in the article Addition of natural numbers.DefinitionsThis article will use the definitions in addition of natural … Wikipedia
Fichte and Schilling: the Jena period — Daniel Breazeale FROM KANT TO FICHTE An observer of the German philosophical landscape of the 1790s would have surveyed a complex and confusing scene, in which individuals tended to align themselves with particular factions or “schools,”… … History of philosophy