3 San Francisco Peninsula

San Francisco Peninsula

The San Francisco Peninsula in California separates the San Francisco Bay from the Pacific Ocean. On its northern tip is the city of San Francisco. Its southern end is part of Santa Clara County, including the cities of Palo Alto, Los Altos, and Mountain View. San Mateo County, located south of San Francisco, includes Atherton, Belmont, Brisbane, Burlingame, Colma, Daly City, East Palo Alto, El Granada, Foster City, Half Moon Bay, Hillsborough, La Honda, Menlo Park, Millbrae, Montara, Pacifica, Pescadero, Portola Valley, Redwood City, San Bruno, San Carlos, San Gregorio, San Mateo, South San Francisco, and Woodside.

"The Peninsula", used as a local geographic term, refers only to the parts south of, and excluding, the city of San Francisco. It is roughly equivalent to the area served by the 650 area code, or to San Mateo County itself. A couple of the aforementioned cities in the northern part of the county are considered to be suburbs of San Francisco, Daly City and South San Francisco in particular. Parts of the peninsula on the bay side are sometimes referred to as the "West Bay".

The east side of the peninsula is a largely densely populated area that includes portions of Silicon Valley. It forms a commuter area between San Francisco to the north and San Jose to the south. A number of major thoroughfares run north-south: El Camino Real (SR 82) and US 101 on the east side along the bay, Interstate 280 down the center, Skyline Boulevard (SR 35) along the crest of the Santa Cruz Mountains, and Highway 1 on the west along the Pacific. The Caltrain commuter rail line runs roughly parallel to the El Camino and Highway 101 corridors.

Three bridges—the Dumbarton Bridge, the San Mateo-Hayward Bridge, and the San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge—cross San Francisco Bay from the Peninsula. To the north, the Golden Gate Bridge connects San Francisco with Marin County

Along the center line of the Peninsula is the northern half of the Santa Cruz Mountains, formed by the action of plate tectonics along the San Andreas Fault. In the middle of the Peninsula along the fault is the Crystal Springs reservoir. Just north of the Crystal Springs reservoir is San Andreas Lake after which the famous geologic fault was named.

Environmental features

The San Francisco Peninsula contains a gamut of habitats including estuarine, marine, oak woodland, redwood forest, coastal scrub and oak savanna. There are numerous species of wildlife present, especially along the San Francisco Bay estuarine shoreline, San Bruno Mountain, Fitzgerald Marine Reserve and the forests on the Montara Mountain block.

The county is home to several endangered species including the San Francisco garter snake, the Mission blue butterfly and the San Bruno elfin butterfly, all of which are endemic to San Mateo County. The endangered California clapper rail is also found on the shores of San Francisco Bay, in the cities of Belmont and San Mateo.

A number of noteworthy parks and nature preserves are found on the San Francisco Peninsula, including:

* Edgewood Park, San Mateo County
* Golden Gate National Recreation Area - several units are located on the Peninsula
* Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District - several preserves
* Sanborn Park, Santa Clara County

Notable structures

There are a number of well known structures and complexes on the San Francisco Peninsula:

* Bay Meadows Racecourse, San Mateo (soon to be shut down)
* Carolands Mansion, Hillsborough
* Coyote Point Museum, San Mateo
* Cow Palace, Daly City
* Crocker Mansion, Hillsborough
* Crystal Springs Reservoir, unincorporated central part of county
* Dakin Building, Brisbane
* Filoli mansion, Woodside
* The "Flintstones House", north of the Eugene Doran Bridge on the east side of Interstate 280 [http://www.thewavemag.com/pagegen.php?pagename=article&articleid=24784]
* The "House of Doors", Half Moon Bay [http://www.halfmoonbaymemories.com/category/house-of-doors/]
* Notre Dame de Namur University, Belmont, which incorporates Ralston Hall
* Oracle World Headquarters, Redwood Shores (aka the "Emerald City")
* Pigeon Point Lighthouse, Pescadero
* Point Montara Lighthouse, Montara
* Pulgas Water Temple, Woodside
* San Francisco International Airport
* Sanchez Adobe, Pacifica
* Stanford University, Palo Alto

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • San Francisco — San Franciscan. /san freuhn sis koh, fran / a seaport in W California, on San Francisco Bay: earthquake and fire 1906; United Nations Conference 1945. 678,974. * * * City (pop., 2000: 776,733) and port, northern California, U.S. San Francisco… …   Universalium

  • San Francisco Bay Area — Bay Area redirects here. For other uses, see Bay Area (disambiguation). Not to be confused with San Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical Area. San Francisco Bay Area Common name: San Fran …   Wikipedia

  • San Francisco — This article is about the city and county in California. For other uses, see San Francisco (disambiguation). San Francisco   City and county   City and County of San Francisco …   Wikipedia

  • San Francisco, California — Infobox Settlement official name = City and County of San Francisco nickname = The City by the Bay, The CityFact|date=October 2008, Frisco, [cite news last = Sullivan | first = James title = Frisco, that once verboten term for the city by the bay …   Wikipedia

  • San Francisco International Airport — SFO redirects here. For other uses, see SFO (disambiguation). This article is about the airport. For the BART Station servicing the airport, see San Francisco International Airport (BART station). For the television series, see San Francisco… …   Wikipedia

  • San Francisco and San Jose Rail Road — Infobox SG rail railroad name=San Francisco and San Jose Rail Road logo filename= logo size= old gauge= locale=San Francisco, California to San Jose, California start year=1863 end year=1870 hq city=San Francisco, CaliforniaThe San Francisco and… …   Wikipedia

  • San Francisco 4th and King Street Station — Infobox Station name=San Francisco (Caltrain) 4th and King (Muni Metro) image size=200 image caption=The north side of the station. address= 700 4th Street (Caltrain) King Street at 4th Street (N, S) 4th Street at King Street (T) San Francisco,… …   Wikipedia

  • San Francisco garter snake — ( Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia ) is a slender multi colored colubrid snake. Designated as an endangered species since the year 1967, [Federal Endangered Species Listing (Federal Register 32:4001; March 1967)] it resides only in San Mateo… …   Wikipedia

  • Península de San Francisco — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La península de San Francisco. La Península de San Francisco separa la Bahía de San Francisco del Océano Pacífico. En su extremo norte se encuentra la ciudad de San Francisco y el puente Golden Gate que conduce a las …   Wikipedia Español

  • SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA — SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA, including San Francisco, a combined city county in N. California, and surrounding area. In 2001 the San Francisco city population was 776,733, with the Jewish population 49,500; an additional 160,000 Jews lived in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.