Ghent University

Infobox_University
name =Ghent University
native_name =Universiteit Gent
latin_name =Academia Gandavensis



motto =Inter Utrumque
established =1817
type =Public
city =Ghent
state =Flanders
country =Belgium
students = 30,000
undergrad =
postgrad =
doctoral =
staff =6,400
rector =Paul Van Cauwenberge
campus =
colours =blue and yellow
mascot =the Roman goddess Minerva
affiliations =Associatie Universiteit Gent (AUGent)
free_label =
free =
website =http://www.ugent.be

Ghent University (in Dutch, Universiteit Gent, abbreviated UGent) is one of the three large Flemish universities. It is located in the historic town of Ghent in Flanders, the Dutch-speaking (northern) part of Belgium. It has 30,000 students and 6,400 Staff members.

History

The university was founded by King William I as part of a policy to stem the intellectual and academic lag in the southern part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, later to become Belgium; the universities in Leuven and Liège were founded as part of the same movement. The university in Ghent was opened on 9 October 1817, with JC van Rotterdam serving as the first rector. In the first year, it had 190 students and 16 professors. The original four faculties consisted of Humanities (Letters), Law, Medicine and Science, and the language of instruction was Latin.

After peaking at a student population of 414, the number of students declined quickly following the Belgian Revolution. At this time, the faculties of Humanities and Science were broken off of the university, but they were restored five years later, in 1835.

In 1882, Sidonie Verhelst became the first female student at the university.

French became the language of instruction, taking the place of Latin, after the 1830 Revolution. In 1903, the Flemish politician Lodewijk De Raet led a successful campaign to begin instruction in Dutch, and the first courses were begun in 1906. A Flemish Institute (Vlaemsche Hoogeschool) was founded in 1916 but was disestablished due to the ongoing First World War. Cabinet Minister Pierre Nolf put forward a motion in 1923 to fully establish the university as a Dutch-speaking university, and this was realized in 1930. August Vermeylen served as the first rector of the first exclusively Dutch university in Belgium. [ [http://www.time.com/time/printout/0,8816,880570,00.html A Language Come Back] , "TIME Magazine", April 28, 1923]

In the Second World War, the German administration of the university attempted to create a German orientation, removing faculty members and installing loyal activists. However, the university became the focal point for many resistance members as the war progressed.

After the war, the university became a much larger institution, following government policy of democratizing higher education in Flanders during the 1950s and 1960s. By 1953, there were more than 3000 students, and by 1969 more than 11,500. The number of faculties increased to eleven, starting with Applied Sciences in 1957. It was followed by Economics and Veterinary Medicine in 1968, Psychology and Pedagogy, as well as Bioengineering, in 1969, and Pharmaceutical Sciences. The faculty of Politics and Social Sciences is the most recent addition, in 1992.

The university officially changed its name from Rijksunversiteit Gent (RUG) to Universiteit Gent (UGent) in 1991 following an increased grant of autonomy by the government of the Flemish Community.

On March 22, 2005, Paul Van Cauwenberge succeeded Andreas De Leenheer as rector.

Characteristics

In contrast to the Catholic University of Leuven, or the Freethinking Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Ghent University considers itself a "pluralist" university in a special sense (i.e. not connected to any particular religion or ideology, hence its motto 'Inter Utrumque' or 'In Between Both Extremes').

Notable alumni

* Leo Apostel (1925-1995), philosopher
* Leo Baekeland (1863-1944), chemist
* Adolf von Baeyer (1835-1917), chemist (Nobel prize winner)
* Wim Blockmans (1945-), historian
* Thierry Bogaert, founder of DevGen
* Luc Bossyns, civil engineer
* Marc Bossuyt (1944-), judge, professor
* Gunnar Brinkmann, professor of computer science
* Jo Bury, pharmacology, General Director of the VIB
* Dries Buytaert (1978-), computer scientist, founder of the Drupal CMS
* Robert Cailliau (1947-), inventor of the World Wide Web
* Luc Coene, economy, Vice-Governor of the National Bank of Belgium (NBB).
* Marc Coucke (1965-), co-founder of Omega Pharma
* Martin De Prycker (1955-), engineer.
* Franz Cumont (1868-1947), historian
* Jean Daskalidès, (1922-1992), gynecologist, founder of Leonidas chocolates
* Els De Bens, philologist, media specialist
* Bert De Graeve, law, businessman
* Rudy Dekeyser, molecular biologist, Assistant Director of the VIB
* Wim De Waele, economy and computer science, Director of the IBBT
* Martin Dobelle, vertan orthopedic sergeon
* Paul Fredericq, historian
* Walter Fiers (1931-), molecular biologist
* Leopold Flam (1912-1995), historian, philosopher
* Dirk Frimout (1941-), physicist, astronaut
* Joseph Guislain (1797-1860), physiologist and psychiatrist
* Jacques-Joseph Haus (1796-1881), jurist
* Lucienne Herman-Michielsens, (1926-1995) , law, politician
* Philippe Herreweghe (1947-), doctor, psychiatrist, orchestra conductor
* Corneille Heymans (1892-1968), physiologist (Nobel prize winner)
* Mark Janse (1959- ), classicist & linguist
* Friedrich August Kekule von Stradonitz (1829-1896), chemist
* Jaap Kruithof, philosopher
* Tom Lanoye (1958-), philologist, writer
* François Laurent (1810-1887), jurist
* Marguerite Legot (1913-1977), jurist, first Belgian woman to serve as a government minister
* Yves Leterme (1960-), Prime Minister of Belgium
* Herman Liebaers (1919-), writer, former Marschal of the Royal Household.
* Suzanne Lilar (born Suzanne Verbist) (1901-1992), philosopher, jurist, essayist, novelist
* Julius Mac Leod (1857-1919), botanist
* Maurice Maeterlinck (1862-1949), jurist, writer (Nobel prize winner)
* Paul Mansion, mathematician
* Rudi Mariën, pharmacy, Chairman of Innogenetics
* Gerard Mortier (1943-), artistic director
* Peter Piot (1949-), doctor, assistant secretary-general of the United Nations
* Henri Pirenne (1862-1935), historian
* Karel Poma (1920-), chemist and politician
* Adolphe Quetelet (1796-1874), statistician
* Godfried-Willem Raes (1952-), composer, performer and instrument maker
* Jacques Rogge (1942-), doctor, president of the International Olympic Committee
* Gustave Rolin-Jaequemyns (1835-1902), jurist, diplomat and cofounder of the Institut de droit international
* Jozef Schell (1935-2003), molecular biologist
* Erwin Schrödinger (1887-1961), physicist, (Nobel Prize winner)
* Ferdinand Augustijn Snellaert, (1809-1872), physician and writer
* Luc Van den Bossche (1947-), law, politician
* Guido van Gheluwe (1926-), jurist and founder of the Orde van den Prince
* Herman Vanderpoorten, (1922-1984), politician
* Hugo Van Heuverswyn (1948-) chemist, biotech pioneer and businessman
* Ann Van Gysel, zoology
* Karel van de Woestijne, (1878-1929), writer
* Prudens van Duyse, (1804-1859), writer
* Henry van de Velde (1863-1957), architect
* Marc Van Montagu (1933-), biotech pioneer
* Désiré van Monckhoven (1934-1882), physicist
* Jules Van Praet (1806-1887), statesman
* Piet Vanthemsche, veterinary surgeon
* Guy Verhofstadt (1953-), former Prime Minister of Belgium
* Etienne Vermeersch (1934-), philosopher
* Kristiaan Versluys, literary scholar
* André Vlerick (1919-1990), economy
* Emile Waxweiler (1867–1916), engineer and sociologist
* Marc Zabeau (1949-), zoology
* Arnoud De Meyer (presently) Director of Judge Business School University of Cambridge.

Notable faculty

* S.N. Balagangadhara, comparative science of cultures
* Jan De Maeseneer, medicine, family medicine
* Georges De Moor, medicine, medical informatics
* Walter Fiers, molecular biologist
* Corneille Heymans, physiologist (Nobel prize winner)
* Joseph Plateau, physicist
* Xavier Saelens, biotechnology
* Johan Rudolf Thorbecke, statesman
* Marc Van Montagu, biotech pioneer
* August Vermeylen, author, art historian, statesman
* George de Hevesy, Nobel Prize winner, Chemistry

See also

* Science and technology in Flanders
* List of universities in Belgium
* Flanders Interuniversity Institute of Biotechnology (VIB)
* Ghent Bio-Energy Valley
* Greenbridge science park
* Zwijnaarde science park
* University Foundation
* Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC)
* university of gent

References

External links

* [http://www.ugent.be/en Official website of Ghent University]
* [http://www.highereducation.be More information about higher education in Flanders/Belgium (in English)]
* [http://www.highereducation.be/content.php?section=zoekmachine&subsection=eenvoudig&action=zoeken Find an officially recognised programme of this institution in the Higher Education Register]


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