Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport

Infobox Airport
name = Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport


caption =
IATA = FLL
ICAO = KFLL
FAA = FLL
type = Public
owner = Broward County
operator = Broward County
city-served = South Florida
location = Fort Lauderdale, Florida
elevation-f = 9
elevation-m = 3
website = [http://www.broward.org/airport www.broward.org/airport]
r1-number = 9L/27R
r1-length-f = 9,000
r1-length-m = 2,743
r1-surface = Asphalt
r2-number = 9R/27L
r2-length-f = 5,276
r2-length-m = 1,608
r2-surface = Asphalt
r3-number = 13/31
r3-length-f = 6,930
r3-length-m = 2,112
r3-surface = Asphalt
stat-year = 2006
stat1-header = Aircraft operations
stat1-data = 310,255
stat2-header = Based aircraft
stat2-data = 100
footnotes = Source: Federal Aviation AdministrationFAA-airport|ID=FLL|use=PU|own=PU|site=03192.*A, effective 2007-03-15]

Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport Airport codes|FLL|KFLL|FLL is an international commercial airport located in Dania Beach, three miles (5 km) southwest of the central business district of Fort Lauderdale, a city in Broward County, Florida, United States. It is also located near the city of Hollywood and is 21 miles (33.7 km) north of Miami.

In 2007, the airport processed 22,681,903 passengers including 2,858,047 international passengers. Currently ranked as the 22nd busiest airport (in terms of passenger traffic) in the United States as well as the nation's 14th busiest international air gateway, FLL is the fastest-growing major airport in the country. [cite news |url=http://www.usatoday.com/travel/news/2005-02-15-orlando-airport_x.htm |title=Orlando surpasses Miami as Florida's busiest airport |date=15 February 2005 |publisher=Associated Press |accessdate=2008-01-27] The facility also ranks as one of the 50 busiest airports in the world.

Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport serves as a focus city for Allegiant Air, and JetBlue Airways. The airport is the largest hub for Spirit Airlines, catering mainly to the airline's international to domestic network. It is also a hub for Gulfstream International Airlines under the Continental Connection name and Lynx Air International. The airport's close proximity to cruise line terminals at Port Everglades has also made it popular among tourists bound for the Caribbean. Since the late 1990s, FLL has emerged as an intercontinental gateway as well, especially for charter carriers, although Miami International Airport still handles most long-haul flights to and from South Florida. The airport offers free Wi-Fi Internet access throughout its terminals.

History

Merle Fogg Airport opened on an abandoned 9-hole golf course on May 1, 1929. At the start of World War II, it was commissioned by the United States Navy and renamed NAS Fort Lauderdale. The base was initially used for refitting civil airliners for military service before they were ferried across the South Atlantic to Europe and North Africa. NAS Fort Lauderdale later became the main training base for naval aviators. George H. W. Bush learned to fly while stationed at the base in 1943.

The Naval Air Station closed on October 1, 1946.

The closed base was transferred to county control, becoming Broward County International Airport. Commercial flights to Nassau began on June 2, 1953, and domestic flights began in 1958, operated by Eastern Air Lines, National Airlines, and Northeast Airlines. In 1959, the airport opened its first permanent terminal building and assumed its current name.

Operations at FLL grew along with Broward County's population. Passenger traffic reached 1 million in 1969 and 10 million in 1994. Low-cost traffic propelled the airport's growth in the 1990s, with Southwest opening its base in 1996, Spirit in 1999, and JetBlue in 2001. Spirit made FLL a hub in 2002, and in 2003, JetBlue made FLL a focus city.

During the 2005 hurricane season, FLL had been affected by Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Wilma. Katrina had struck as a Cat 1 and caused little damage, but the airport was closed for about a 48 hour period. However, when Hurricane Wilma struck, roof damage was reported along with broken windows, damaged jetways, and destroyed canopies. The airport was closed for a period of 5 days. Hurricane Wilma was a Cat 3 when it struck FLL.

Beginning February 2007, the airport initiated user fees to all users, including private aircraft. It is one of a handful of airports to administer fees to private pilots. A minimum charge of $10 is assessed to private aircraft which land at the airport.

The airport has been used by filmmakers as a location shot numerous times, the most famous of these being scenes from "".

Facilities and aircraft

Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport covers an area of convert|1380|acre|ha|0|lk=on and has three runways:
* Runway 9L/27R: 9,002 x 150 ft (2,743 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
* Runway 9R/27L: 5,276 x 100 ft (1,608 x 30 m), Surface: Asphalt [to be expaned in 2008]
* Runway 13/31: 6,930 x 150 ft (2,112 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt

In 2003, plans were started to expand the facility to meet increasing demand. Proposed improvements include an extension of runway 9R/27L to accommodate larger air carrier jet aircraft, [ [http://www.broward.org/airport/community_airportexpansion.htm#ENVIRONMENTAL Broward County - Airport ] ] construction and modifications to the airport's taxiway system to provide for increased speed, improved inter-terminal passenger movement and extensive terminal upgrades. As of April 25, 2006 the master plan for this expansion was being updated for a second time. Concerns and complaints by nearby communities about increased noise from larger jet aircraft, along with concerns about buyout requirements, have delayed construction that is expected to keep Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport viable through 2020. [ [http://www.broward.org/airport/community_airportexpansion.htm#BACKGROUND Broward County - Airport ] ]

On June 5, 2007, Broward County commissioners voted six to three in favor of extending the southern 9R/27L runway. The proposal looks to extend the runway to over convert|8000|ft|m|abbr=on. over a five year period. Currently, the plan is being sent for approval by the FAA. [ [http://www1.wsvn.com/news/articles/local/MI50551/ WSVN-TV - Local News - Broward Commissioners vote in favor of FLL runway expansion ] ]

For 12-month period ending June 30, 2006, the airport had 310,255 aircraft operations, an average of 850 per day: 58% scheduled commercial (179,305), 23% air taxi (71,630), 19% general aviation (58,942) and <1% military (378). There are 100 aircraft based at this airport: 48% multi engine (48), 40% jet aircraft (40), 9% single engine (9) and 3% helicopters (3).

Terminals, airlines and destinations

Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport has four terminals. Terminal 1, commonly referred to as "The New Terminal," opened in stages between 2001 and 2003. The other three terminals were constructed in the mid-1980s as part of a $263 million construction project. Terminal 4, commonly referred to as the International Terminal, was inaugurated by a Concorde visit in 1983.

Terminal 1 (New Terminal)

Terminal 1 has 2 concourses (B & C) and 18 gates.

Concourse B

Note: International Arrivals are handled in Terminal 4.

Concourse B has 9 Gates: B1 - B9
* Frontier Airlines Gate B7 (Denver)
* JetBlue Airways Gates B7 - B9 (Austin, Boston, Buffalo, Charlotte, Long Beach, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia, Newark, Newburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, San Juan (PR) [begins December 18] , Syracuse [ends January 5] , Washington-Dulles, White Plains)
* Southwest Airlines Gates B1 - B6 (Albany [begins November 2] , Austin, Baltimore/Washington, Buffalo, Chicago-Midway, Denver, Houston-Hobby, Jacksonville, Kansas City [begins November 2] , Las Vegas [begins November 2] , Long Island/Islip, Manchester (NH), Nashville, New Orleans, Orlando, Philadelphia, Providence, Raleigh/Durham, St. Louis, Tampa)

Concourse C

Note: International Arrivals are handled in Terminal 4.

Concourse C has 9 Gates: C1 - C9
* Continental Airlines Gates C1 - C3, C5, C7 (Cleveland, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark)
** Continental Connection operated by Gulfstream International Airlines (Andros Town, Freeport, Governor's Harbour, Great Exuma Island, Key West, Marsh Harbour, Nassau, New Bight, North Eleuthera, South Bimini, Tampa, Treasure Cay)
* JetBlue Airways Gates C4, C6 (See Concourse B)
* Northwest Airlines Gates C8, C9 (Detroit, Indianapolis [seasonal] , Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul)
** Northwest Airlink operated by Pinnacle Airlines (Indianapolis)

Continental also operates a Presidents Club in Concourse C, which opened with the new Terminal in 2002. It is Continental's only clubroom location in Florida.

Terminal 2 (Delta Terminal)

Terminal 2 has one concourse (D) and 9 gates.

Concourse D

Note: International Arrivals are handled in Terminal 4.

Concourse D has 9 Gates: D1 - D9
* Air Canada Gate D4 (Montréal, Ottawa [seasonal] , Toronto-Pearson)
* Allegiant Air Gate D3 (Blountville/Tri-Cities [begins November 21] , Chattanooga [begins November 20] , Greenville (SC), Huntington [begins Novemeber 20] , Knoxville, Plattsburgh)
* Delta Air Lines Gates D1 - D9 (Atlanta, Boston, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Hartford/Springfield, Los Angeles [resumes December 19] , New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia, Salt Lake City [resumes December 18] )
** Delta Connection operated by Comair (Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Hartford/Springfield [seasonal] )

Terminal 3 (Main Terminal)

Terminal 3 has two concourses (E & F) and 20 gates.

Concourse E

Note: International Arrivals are handled in Terminal 4.

Concourse E has 10 Gates: E1 - E10
* AirTran Airways Gates E2, E4, E6 (Atlanta, Baltimore/Washington, Gulfport/Biloxi, Indianapolis [seasonal; begins October 7] , Milwaukee [begins November 2] , Newport News/Williamsburg, Pittsburgh [begins October 9] )
* Bahamasair Gate E1 (Freeport, Nassau)
* US Airways Gates E1, E3, E5, E9, E10 (Charlotte, Las Vegas, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh [ends January 4] , Washington-Reagan)

Concourse F

Note: International Arrivals are handled in Terminal 4.

Concourse F has 10 Gates: F1 - F10
* American Airlines Gates F3, F5, F7-F10 (Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Kingston, Port-au-Prince, San José (CR))
* CanJet (Halifax, Quebec City) [charters]
* Finnair (Helsinki) [seasonal; begins November 10]
* Skyservice [Scheduled Charters] (Toronto-Pearson)
* Spirit Airlines Gates F1-F10 (See Terminal 4)
* Sunwing Airlines (Toronto-Pearson) [seasonal]
* WestJet Gate F1 (Montréal [seasonal] , Toronto-Pearson) [ [http://c3dsp.westjet.com/guest/destinations/ourDestinations.jsp WestJet - Our Destinations ] ]

Terminal 4 (International Terminal)

Terminal 4 has one concourse (H) and 10 gates.

Concourse H

Note: Terminal 4 handles all international arrivals at FLL as well as the following departing flights:

Concourse H has 10 Gates: H1 - H10
* Air Jamaica Gate H2 (Kingston, Montego Bay)
* Air Transat Gate H4 (Montréal, Quebec City, Toronto-Pearson) [seasonal]
* Avianca Gate H8 (Bogotá)
* Caribbean Airlines Gate H2 (Port of Spain)
* Spirit Airlines Gates H1 - H10 (Aguadilla, Aruba, Atlanta, Atlantic City, Bogotá, Boston, Cancún, Cartagena, Chicago-O'Hare, Columbia (SC), Detroit, Freeport, Grand Cayman [seasonal] , Guatemala City, Kingston, Las Vegas [ends November 1; resumes May 1] , Lima, Los Angeles [ends November 1; resumes May 1] , Managua, Montego Bay, Myrtle Beach, Nassau, New York-LaGuardia, Orlando, Panama City (Panama), Ponce [seasonal] , Port-au-Prince, Port of Spain, Punta Cana [seasonal] , San Antonio, San José (CR), San Juan (PR), San Pedro Sula, San Salvador (Bahamas), Santo Domingo, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, Tampa, Washington-Reagan)
* Travelspan operated by North American Airlines (Georgetown, Port of Spain)

Commuter Terminal

* Air Sunshine (Guantanamo Bay)
* Island Express (Marsh Harbour, Treasure Cay)
* Lynx Air International (Cap Haitien, Governor's Harbour, Great Exuma Island, Guantanamo Bay, New Bight, North Eleuthera, South Andros (Congo Town))
* Yellow Air Taxi (Marsh Harbour, Naples, Treasure Cay)

Charter airlines

* Caribair (Santiago (DR), Santo Domingo)
* First Choice Airways (Manchester UK)
* Focus Air Cargo
* Gold Aviation Services
* Miami Air International
* Servicios Aereos Profesionales (Puerto Plata, Santiago (DR), Santo Domingo)
* Thomsonfly (Manchester UK)
* Travelspan (Georgetown, Port of Spain)
* Yellow Air Taxi (Marsh Harbour, Naples, Treasure Cay)
* White Airways (Lisbon)

Cargo carriers

* ABX Air
* Burlington Air Express
* Emery Worldwide
* FedEx Express
* Mountain Air Cargo
* UPS Airlines

GA Overcrowding Reliever Facility

See Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport

Ground Transport

FLL is served by Broward County Transit Route 1 which offers connecting service through the Central Terminal, and also service to Aventura, in Miami-Dade County and by Tri-Rail, offers airport parking and has rental car facilities.

Accidents and Incidents

Delta Air Lines Flight 191 originated at Fort Lauderdale, en route to Dallas/Fort Worth and Los Angeles. Wind shear and pilot error caused the aircraft to crash upon landing Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.

References

External links

* [http://www.fll.net/ Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport] (official site)
*PDF| [http://www.cfaspp.com/FASP/AirportPDFs/ft_lauderdale_hollywood_intl_%28april2007%29.pdf Fort Lauderdale / Hollywood International Airport] |759 KiB brochure from [http://www.cfaspp.com/airports.asp CFASPP] (April 2007)
*Wikimapia|26.0725|-80.1527|14
*FAA-diagram|00744
*US-airport|FLL



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