Al-Sumayriyya


Al-Sumayriyya
al-Sumayriyya
Sumayriyya Aquifer.JPG
The aqueduct in al-Sumayriyya
al-Sumayriyya is located in Mandatory Palestine
{{{alt}}}
al-Sumayriyya
Arabic السُميريه
Name Meaning "The Samaritan"
Also Spelled Someleria, Katasir
District Acre
Coordinates 32°58′19.25″N 35°05′36.27″E / 32.9720139°N 35.0934083°E / 32.9720139; 35.0934083Coordinates: 32°58′19.25″N 35°05′36.27″E / 32.9720139°N 35.0934083°E / 32.9720139; 35.0934083
Population 760[1] (1945)
Area 8,542[1] dunums
Date of depopulation 14 May 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Bustan HaGalil,[3] Lohamei HaGeta'ot,[4] Shomrat[5]

Al-Sumayriyya (Arabic: السُميريه‎, Katasir in Canaanite times, Someleria during Crusader rule) was a Palestinian village located six kilometers north of Acre that was depopulated after it was captured by the Israel Defence Force during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.[6]

Contents

History

Al-Sumayriyya is Arabic for "The Little Samaria". It was inhabited by Samaritans in former centuries, but they were expelled from the area by the Ottoman governor Jezzar Pasha, moving to Nablus in the 18th century, where a community of some 300 continue to live as citizens of the Palestinian National Authority.[6]

In 1881, the Survey of Western Palestine described the place as a village of "mud and stone houses, containing about 200 (Guerin says 400) Moslems, situated on the plain, surrounded by a few clumps of olives and figs and arable land; two or three cisterns are in the village, the aqueduct near brings good water."[7]

Al-Sumayriyya had an elementary school for boys, which was founded in 1943. In 1945, it had an enrollment of 60 students. One mosque which remains to this date, however it needs renovation.

In 1944/45 a total of 6,854 dunams were allocated to grain crops; 354 dunams were irrigated or planted with orchards.[5][8]

al-Sumayriyya, 1948

1948 War

At the beginning of 1945, al-Sumayriyya's 760 inhabitants were all Arab Muslims. The inhabitants fled as a result of the 14 May 1948 assault on the village by the Carmeli Brigade during Operation Ben-Ami, one day prior to the official outbreak of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.[6] The village - along with those of neighbouring al-Bassa and al-Zib which were also captured in the offensive - was subsequently destroyed, with the exception of its mosque.[9]

Al-Sumayriyya's old cemetery, July 2008

Tall al-Sumayriyya contains carved stones, a mosaic floor, tombs, columns, and stone capitals. Khirbat Abu 'Ataba has an Islamic shrine and ceramic fragments.

Lohamei HaGeta'ot was built on its site.

See also

  • List of Arab towns and villages depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War

References

  1. ^ a b Hadawi, 1970, p. 41
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xvii, village #87. Also gives cause of depopulation
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xxi, settlement #36. December 1948. However, Khalidi, 1992, p.23 writes that Bustan HaGalil is on the land of Al-Manshiyya
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xxi, settlement #53. January 1949
  5. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p.30
  6. ^ a b c Welcome to Al-Sumayriyya, Palestine Remembered, http://www.palestineremembered.com/Acre/al-Sumayriyya/index.html, retrieved 2007-12-03 
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p.147. Also cited in Khalidi, 1992, p.30
  8. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p.81
  9. ^ Tal, 2004, pp. 104-105.

Bibliography

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of villages depopulated during the Arab–Israeli conflict — Below is a list of villages depopulated and/or destroyed during the Arab Israeli conflict, many of them during the 1948 Arab Israeli War (also known as Nakba amongst the Palestinians). =1921 Jaffa riots= * Jewish population left Jaffa1929… …   Wikipedia

  • Danna — For the island in Scotland, see Danna, Scotland. Danna …   Wikipedia

  • Amka — Hebrew עַמְקָה Founded 1949 …   Wikipedia

  • Mi'ar — Mi ar …   Wikipedia

  • Al-Dawayima — al Dawayima …   Wikipedia

  • Dayr al-Qassi — Dayr al Qassi …   Wikipedia

  • Barak Armored Brigade — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Barak Armor Brigade caption=Insignia for Barak Brigade country=Israel allegiance= type=Armor branch=Army dates=1948 specialization= command structure=Northern Command size= current commander= garrison= ceremonial… …   Wikipedia

  • Marus — Marus …   Wikipedia

  • Al-Damun — Al Damun …   Wikipedia

  • Nimrin — Nimrin …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.