Al-Dawayima


Al-Dawayima
al-Dawayima
al-Dawayima is located in Mandatory Palestine
{{{alt}}}
al-Dawayima
Arabic الدوايمة
Also Spelled ad-Dawayima
District Hebron
Coordinates 31°32′09.85″N 34°54′42.95″E / 31.5360694°N 34.9119306°E / 31.5360694; 34.9119306Coordinates: 31°32′09.85″N 34°54′42.95″E / 31.5360694°N 34.9119306°E / 31.5360694; 34.9119306
Population 3,710[1] (1945)
Area 60,585 dunums

60.585 km²[1]

Date of depopulation 29 October 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Amatzya

Al-Dawayima (Arabic: الدوايمة‎) was a Palestinian town, located 18 kilometers (11 mi) northwest of the city of Hebron. It is identified with the Old Testament town of Bosqat. According to a 1945 census, the town's population was 3,710, and the village lands comprised a total land area of 60,585 dunums of which nearly half was cultivable. The population figures for this town also included the populations of nearby khirbats, or ancient villages.

Contents

History

The "core clan" of Al-Dawayima were the Ahdibs, who traced their origin to the Muslim conquest and settlement of Palestine in the seventh century.[3]

In the late nineteenth century, al-Dawayima was described as a village on a high stony ridge that had olive groves beneath it. On a higher ridge to the west stood a shrine that was topped by a white stone.[4]

The people of al-Dawayima were Muslims. They maintained several religious shrines, chief among them the shrine of Shaykh ´Ali. This shrine had a large courtyard, a number of rooms, and one large hall for prayers, and was surrounded by fig and carob trees and cactuses. It attracted visitors from the neighboring villages.[5] A mosque was located in the village center, it was maintained by the followers of al-tariqa al-khalwatiyya, a Sufi mystic order founded by Shaykh Umar al-Khalwati (d.1397)[6] The villagers expanded and renovated the mosque in the 1930s, and added a tall minaret.[5]

By 1944/45 21,191 dunums of village land were allotted to cereals, while 1,206 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[7][8]

1948 War and aftermath

Al-Dawaymima was captured by Israel's Eighty Ninth Battalion (commanded by Dov Chesis) of the 8th Armored Brigade led by the founder of the Palmach, Yitzhak Sadeh, after Operation Yoav on 29 October 1948. Five days after the start of the truce. It was the site of the al-Dawayima massacre in which 80-100 people were killed including women and children.

The massacre was cited by Yigal Allon as the reason for the halting of the creeping annexation that included Bayt Jibrin, Qubeiba and Tel Maresha.[9]

The Jewish town of Amatzya is located on lands belonging to Al-Dawayima.[10]

According to the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi :

"The site has been fenced in. A cowshed, a chicken coop, and granaries have been built at its center (which has been leveled). The southern side of the site contains stone terraces and the remnants of a house. The eastern side is occupied by the residential area of the moshav."

Culture

A woman's thob (loose fitting robe with sleeves) dated to about 1910 that was produced in Al-Dawayima is part of the Museum of International Folk Art (MOIFA) collection at Santa Fe. The dress is of hand-woven blue indigo linen. The embroidery is in predominantly red silk cross-stitch, with touches of violet, orange, yellow, white, green and black. The upper half of the qabbeh (the square chest panel) is embroidered with alternating columns of diamonds, (a pattern known as el-ferraneh), and eight-pointed stars, (called qamr ("moons")). The lower half of the qabbeh is in the qelayed ("necklaces") pattern. The side-panels of the skirt are completely covered with embroidered columns. Among the patterns used here are: nakhleh ("palm") motif, ward-wil-aleq ("rose-and-leech") and khem-el-basha ("the pashas tent"). Each column is topped with various trees. There is no embroidery on the long, pointed sleeves.[11]

In popular culture

  • In the 2008 film Salt of this Sea, Al-Dawayima is the village which Emad, the male protagonist, hails from. The village ruins serve as the temporary residence of the main characters, Emad and Soraya. The film is dedicated to the memory of the Al-Dawayima massacre.
  • Al-Adarbeh(العداربة)
  • Al-Mallad (الملاد)
  • Al-Khodour (الخضور)
  • Al-Hijouj (الحجوج)
  • Al-Ababeed (العبابيد)
  • Basbous (بصبوص)
  • Hamdan (حمدان)
  • Abu Matr (أبو مطر)
  • Shahin (شاهين)
  • ابورحمة
  • الأطرش
  • أبو صقير
  • هديب
  • مسعد
  • العيسه
  • عبد الدين
  • نشوان
  • عفانه
  • النجار
  • El-Ghawanmeh الغوانمه
  • أبو غليون
  • أبو حلتم
  • المناصرة
  • صندوقه
  • حرب
  • أبومعيلش
  • أبو صفية
  • أبو ريان
  • غانم
  • العبسي
  • أبوحليمة
  • الجمرة
  • عيد
  • الترك
  • زبن
  • الجواودة
  • أبو خضرة
  • أبوغالية
  • حنيف
  • سعادة
  • الخطيب
  • أبوصبيح
  • السباتين
  • عشا
  • ابوفروه
  • القطيشات
  • القيسيه

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Hadawi, 1970, p.50
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xix, village #324. Also gives cause for depopulation
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p 469
  4. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP III, p.258. Also quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 213.
  5. ^ a b Hudayb, 1985, p. 54. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 213
  6. ^ Glassé, 1989, p. 221. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 213
  7. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p.93
  8. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 213
  9. ^ Shapira, Anita. Yigal Allon; Native Son; A Biography Translated by Evelyn Abel, University of Pennsylvania Press ISBN 978-0-8122-4028-3 p 248
  10. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p.215
  11. ^ Stillman, 1979, p. 56-57

Bibliography

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Al-Dawayima massacre — On October 28 1948, the Arab town al Dawayima (also spelt Dawaymeh) was conquered during the 1948 Arab Israeli war by the 89th Commando Battalion which was composed of former Irgun and Lehi troops. They encountered only light resistance from the… …   Wikipedia

  • Tueries et massacres de la Guerre de Palestine de 1948 — Les tueries et massacres de la Guerre de Palestine de 1948 se soldèrent par la mort d’environ un millier de civils ou de soldats désarmés palestiniens et israéliens[1]. Sommaire 1 Événements 1.1 Contexte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tueries et massacres perpétrés durant la Guerre de Palestine de 1948 — Tueries et massacres de la Guerre de Palestine de 1948 Les tueries et massacres de la Guerre de Palestine de 1948 se soldèrent par la mort d’environ un millier de civils ou de soldats désarmés palestiniens et israéliens[1]. Sommaire 1 Événements… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tueries et massacres de la guerre de Palestine de 1948 — Les tueries et massacres font référence à des « actions de destruction collective envers des non combattants souvent suivies par des atrocités qui de prime abord apparaissent totalement inutiles »[1]. On y fait également référence pour… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Operation Yoav — v · …   Wikipedia

  • Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan/Israel Mixed Armistice Commission — At the closing of the 1948 Arab Israeli War a Truce (General Armistice Agreement) was signed between Hashemite Jordan Kingdom and Israel on the 3 April 1949 [ [http://domino.un.org/unispal.nsf/9a798adbf322aff38525617b006d88d7/f03d55e48f77ab6985256… …   Wikipedia

  • Deir Yassin massacre — Deir Yassin today, part of the Kfar Shaul Mental Health Center, an Israeli psychiatric hospital. Participants Irgun, Lehi, and Arab villagers …   Wikipedia

  • District of Hebron — The District of Hebron was an administrative district, situated in the British Mandate of Palestine around the city of Hebron. After the 1948 Arab Israeli War, the district disintegrated. Depopulated settlements Ajjur · Barqusya · Bayt… …   Wikipedia

  • 1949 Armistice Agreements — The 1949 Armistice Agreements are a set of agreements signed during 1949 between Israel and its neighbors Egypt, [ [http://domino.un.org/unispal.nsf/9a798adbf322aff38525617b006d88d7/9ec4a332e2ff9a128525643d007702e6!OpenDocument Egypt Israel]… …   Wikipedia

  • List of villages depopulated during the Arab–Israeli conflict — Below is a list of villages depopulated and/or destroyed during the Arab Israeli conflict, many of them during the 1948 Arab Israeli War (also known as Nakba amongst the Palestinians). =1921 Jaffa riots= * Jewish population left Jaffa1929… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.