- Transport in Sweden
*Total: 12,821 km (includes 3,594 km of privately owned
railways) or 9227 km of public railways
standard gauge: 12,821 km RailGauge|sg gauge (7,918 km electrified and 1,152 km double track) (1998)
*narrow gauge: 221 km 0.891-m gauge (2001)
The Inland Railway runs from
Gällivarein the north to Kristinehamnin the centre of the country. It was into service in the beginning of the 20th century to develop the northern territories of Sweden. Now it serves mainly touristical and wood transportation purposes.
Trams, Light Rail, and Metros
Gothenburghas the most extensive network in Northern Europe, consisting of 190 km on a total track length of 80 km; see Gothenburg tram). Stockholm previously had a large tram network, but this was discontinued in favour of bus and metro; a revival of the tram network was seen in the construction of Tvärbananin the late 1990s and early 2000s. Norrköpinghas a rather small but growing network.
Cities with Light Rail;
Gothenburg: Gothenburg tram
Norrköping: Norrköping tramway
Stockholm: Tvärbanan, Nockebybanan, Djurgården line
Cities with Metro Systems;
Stockholm: Stockholm Metro(Stockholms Tunnelbana)
Railway links with adjacent countries
* Norway - yes - at Kornsjo,
Østfold- same gauge - same voltage
* Finland - yes - at
Tornio/ Haparanda- break-of-gauge1435mm/1524mm
* Denmark - yes -
Oresund bridge- same gauge - voltage change 15kVAC/ 25kVAC.
Driving on the left or right" Swedenhad left-hand traffic ("Vänstertrafik" in Swedish) from approximately 1736 and continued to do so well into the 20th century. Despite this virtually all cars in Sweden were actually left-hand drive and the neighbouring Nordic countriesalready drove on the right, leading to some confusion at border crossings. The Swedish voters rejected a change to driving on the right in a referendum held in 1955.
Nevertheless, in 1963 the
Riksdagpassed legislation ordering the switch to right-hand traffic. The changeover took place on a Sunday morning at 5am on September 3, 1967, which was known in Swedish as " Dagen H" (H-Day), the 'H' standing for "Högertrafik" or right-hand traffic.
Since Swedish cars were left-hand drive, experts had suggested that changing to driving on the right would reduce accidents, because drivers would have a better view of the road ahead. Indeed, fatal car-to-car and car-to-pedestrian accidents did drop sharply as a result.
Motorways run through
Sweden, Denmarkand over the Öresund Bridgeto Stockholm, Gothenburg, Uppsalaand Uddevalla. The system of motorways is still under construction and a new motorway from Uppsala to Gävlerecently opened.
*total: 210,760 km
*paved: 162,707 km (including 1,428 km of expressways)
*unpaved: 48,053 km (1999)
*Waterways: 2,052 km
*note: navigable for small steamers and barges
Ports and harbours
*total: 167 ships (GRT|1,000|metric|first=yes or over) totaling GRT|2,205,370|metric/DWT|1,663,091|metric|first=yes
*ships by type: (2000 est.)
**combination ore/oil 4
**liquified gas 1
**petroleum tanker 29
**railcar carrier 1
**short-sea passenger 4
**specialized tanker 6
**vehicle carrier 17
Swedish Civil Aviation Administration"
*255 (2000 estimate)
Airports - with paved runways
(Official figures. A great number of wartime airfields exist with various lengths, usually built into roads, and are usually less than 1000 m long)
**over 3,047 m: 3
**2,438 to 3,047 m: 11
**1,524 to 2,437 m: 80
**914 to 1,523 m: 28
**under 914 m: 25
Airports - with unpaved runways
**914 to 1,523 m: 5
**under 914 m: 103
**1 (2000 est.) (Every hospital, airport and military base has Helipads.)
List of airports
Gothenburg City Airport
Government agencies in Sweden
Scandinavian Airlines System
Volvo, Saab Automobile, Saab, Scania
CIA World Factbook2001
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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