Zeybeks or sometimes Zeibeks were people living in
Asia Minor. The majority of them came from Yörükand Turkmen villages.Fact|date=February 2007
Before the establishment of the
Republic of Turkey, large concentrations of Zeibeks could be found in western Anatolia, particularly in Isparta, Burdur, Afyon, Kütahya, Uşak, Denizli, Aydın, İzmir, Manisa, Mugla, Antalya, and the Balıkesirarea.
Zeybeks were mountain warriors of Western
Anatoliaduring the 13th - 19th centuries. Zeybeks generally had Turkmen and Yörükorigins. They acted as protectors of village people against landlords, bandits and tax collectors. A leader of a Zeybek gang was called " efe" and his soldiers were known as "kızan". Kızan was generally used for untrained Zeybeks. There was generally a tribe democracy in group. Decisions was taken in a democratic way, after the decision was taken Efe has an uncontroversial authority. They followed definite rituals for all actions; for example, the promotion of a kızan to zeybek was very similar to Ahirituals.
Zeybeks had a special dance in which performers simulated
hawks. Romantic songs about their bravery are still popular in Turkish folk music. The yatagansword was their primary weapon, but most of them carried firearms as well.
Most of the Zeybeks fought against the Greek invasion of Western Anatolia in the
Greco-Turkish Warof 1919-1922. Their guerilla warfare gave time for Turkish resistance to form a defence. Atçalı Kel Mehmet Efe, Demirci Mehmet Efe, Yörük Ali Efe, and Çakırcalı Mehmet Efeare some of the most famous Zeybek leaders.
Zeybek danceor Zeybeği dance (in Turkish) and Zeibekikodance and music style
*Onur Akdogu, "Bir Başkaldırı Öyküsü Zeybekler, Cilt 1 - 3 Tarihi - Ezgileri - Dansları" ("A Story of Rebellion - Zeybeks" (3 volumes: History, Music, Dances)), İzmir, Turkey, 2004 tr icon
* [http://vlib.iue.it/carrie/texts/carrie_books/paksoy-11/paksoy_lectures-on-central-asia.pdf Views of the "outlaw concept" in comparative perspective: "The American West" and the "Zeybeks" in the Turk lands] : Lectures on Central Asia,
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