Zeybeks or sometimes Zeibeks were people living in Asia Minor. The majority of them came from Yörük and Turkmen villages.Fact|date=February 2007

Before the establishment of the Republic of Turkey, large concentrations of Zeibeks could be found in western Anatolia, particularly in Isparta, Burdur, Afyon, Kütahya, Uşak, Denizli, Aydın, İzmir, Manisa, Mugla, Antalya, and the Balıkesir area.

Zeybeks were mountain warriors of Western Anatolia during the 13th - 19th centuries. Zeybeks generally had Turkmen and Yörük origins. They acted as protectors of village people against landlords, bandits and tax collectors. A leader of a Zeybek gang was called "efe" and his soldiers were known as "kızan". Kızan was generally used for untrained Zeybeks. There was generally a tribe democracy in group. Decisions was taken in a democratic way, after the decision was taken Efe has an uncontroversial authority. They followed definite rituals for all actions; for example, the promotion of a kızan to zeybek was very similar to Ahi rituals.

Zeybeks had a special dance in which performers simulated hawks. Romantic songs about their bravery are still popular in Turkish folk music. The yatagan sword was their primary weapon, but most of them carried firearms as well.

Most of the Zeybeks fought against the Greek invasion of Western Anatolia in the Greco-Turkish War of 1919-1922. Their guerilla warfare gave time for Turkish resistance to form a defence.

Atçalı Kel Mehmet Efe, Demirci Mehmet Efe, Yörük Ali Efe, and Çakırcalı Mehmet Efe are some of the most famous Zeybek leaders.

ee also

*Zeybek dance or Zeybeği dance (in Turkish) and Zeibekiko dance and music style


*Onur Akdogu, "Bir Başkaldırı Öyküsü Zeybekler, Cilt 1 - 3 Tarihi - Ezgileri - Dansları" ("A Story of Rebellion - Zeybeks" (3 volumes: History, Music, Dances)), İzmir, Turkey, 2004 tr icon
* [http://vlib.iue.it/carrie/texts/carrie_books/paksoy-11/paksoy_lectures-on-central-asia.pdf Views of the "outlaw concept" in comparative perspective: "The American West" and the "Zeybeks" in the Turk lands] : Lectures on Central Asia, H.B. Paksoy

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of lists of ethnic groups — The following is a list of lists of ethnic groups: By region * Africa ** North Africa ** Horn of Africa ** Sub Saharan Africa * Americas (indigenous) ** Brazil ** USA *** Alaska *** Hawaii ** Canada * Asia ** Southeast Asia *** Vietnam *** Laos… …   Wikipedia

  • List of dances — This is the main list of dances. It is a non categorized, index list of specific dances. There may also be listed dances which could either be considered a specific dance or a family of related dances, depending on your perspective. For example… …   Wikipedia

  • Zeibekiko — (or Zeybekiko, Greek: Ζεϊμπέκικο) is considered an urban improvisational dance [Politis, Nikos. The Zeibekiko dance: a unique example of a Greek folk dance of the 20th century, originating from Turkish Zeybek dance patterns . Research paper… …   Wikipedia

  • Asia Minor — • The peninsular mass that the Asiatic continent projects westward of an imaginary line running from the Gulf of Alexandretta (Issus) on the Mediterranean to the vicinity of Trebizond (Trapezus) on the Black Sea Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.