Statute


Statute

A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a country, state, city, or county. cite book
last = Black
first = Henry Campbell
title = Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition
publisher = West Publishing
date = 1990
location =
pages =1410
isbn =0-314-76271-x
] Typically, statutes command or prohibit something, or declare policy. The word is often used to distinguish law made by legislative bodies from the judicial decisions of the common law and the regulations issued by Government agencies. Statutes are sometimes referred to as legislation or "black letter law". As a source of law, statutes are considered primary authority (as opposed to secondary authority).

Before a statute becomes law in some countries, it must be agreed upon by the highest executive in the government, and finally published as part of a code. In many countries, statutes are organized in topical arrangements (or "codified") within publications called codes, such as the United States Code. In the United States, statutory law is distinguished from and subordinate to constitutional law.

Alternative meanings

International law

The term statute is sometimes also used to refer to an International treaty that establishes an institution, such as the Statute of the European Central Bank, a protocol to the Treaty of Maastricht. This includes international courts as well, such as the Statute of the International Court of Justice and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Statute is also another word for law. The term was adapted from England in about the 18th century.

Biblical terminology

In biblical terminology, a Statute (Hebrew "chok") refers to a law given without a reason. The classic example is the Statute regarding the Red Heifer, the reason for which, legend has it, defied even the wisdom of King Solomon.Fact|date Aug 2008|date=August 2008

The opposite of a chok is a "mishpat", a law given for a specified reason, e.g. the Sabbath laws, which were given because "God created the world in six days, but on the seventh day He rested". (Genesis 2:2-3)

Autonomy Statute

In the Autonomous Communities of Spain the Autonomy Statute is a legal document similar in all but name to a state constitution in a federal state. The name was chosen because federalism was a taboo subject when the constitution of 1978 was approved.

References

ee also

*Constitution
*Legislation
*Legislature
*Organic statute
*Statutory law


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • statute — stat·ute / sta chüt/ n [Latin statutum law, regulation, from neuter of statutus, past participle of statuere to set up, station, from status position, state] 1: a law enacted by the legislative branch of a government see also code, statutory law …   Law dictionary

  • Statute — Stat ute ( [ u]t), n. [F. statut, LL. statutum, from L. statutus, p. p. of statuere to set, station, ordain, fr. status position, station, fr. stare, statum, to stand. See {Stand}, and cf. {Constitute}, {Destitute}.] 1. An act of the legislature… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • statute — stat‧ute [ˈstætʆuːt] noun [countable, uncountable] LAW 1. a law passed by a parliament, council etc and formally written down: • He never violated any criminal statutes. • Protection for the consumer is laid down by statute. 2. the s …   Financial and business terms

  • statute — A legislative enactment. The bankruptcy code is a statute. (Bernstein s Dictionary of Bankruptcy Terminology) United Glossary of Bankruptcy Terms 2012. statute A legislative enactment. The bankruptcy code is a statute …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • Statute — (engl., spr. Statjuht), die Parlamentsacte, das Landesgesetz. Statutes at law (spr. Statjuhts at laoh), in England u. den Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika die officielle Sammlung der Landesgesetze (der schriftlichen Parlaments [resp. Congreß ] …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Statute —   [ stætjuːt, englisch] das, / s, ursprünglich vom englischen König kraft Prärogative »gesetztes« Recht (spätlateinisch »statutum«), heute im angloamerikanischen Recht das (verfassungsmäßig) durch eine legislative Körperschaft verabschiedete… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • statute — late 13c., from O.Fr. statut, from L.L. statutum a law, decree, noun use of neuter pp. of L. statuere enact, establish, from status condition, position, from stare to stand from PIE root *sta to stand (see STET (Cf. stet)). Statutory …   Etymology dictionary

  • statute — 1 ordinance, regulation, *law, rule, precept, canon 2 *bill, act, law …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • statute — [n] rule, law act, assize, bill, canon, decree, decretum, edict, enactment, measure, ordinance, precept, regulation; concept 318 …   New thesaurus

  • statute — ► NOUN 1) a written law passed by a legislative body. 2) a rule of an organization or institution. ORIGIN Latin statutum thing set up …   English terms dictionary

  • statute — [stach′o͞ot] n. [ME < OFr statut < LL statutum, neut. of L statutus, pp. of statuere: see STATUE] 1. an established rule; formal regulation 2. a) a law passed by a legislative body and set forth in a formal document b) such a document SYN.… …   English World dictionary


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