Senya Fleshin

Infobox Person
name=Senya Fleshin
birth_date=birth date|1894|12|19|df=y
birth_place=Kiev, Ukraine
death_date=death date and age|1981|6|19|1894|12|19|df=y
death_place=Mexico City, Mexico

Senya Fleshin (Kiev, Ukraine, on 19 December, 1894 - Mexico City, on 19 June, 1981) was a Jewish anarchist and photographer.

Early Life

Senya Fleshin was born in Kiev, Ukraine, on 19 December, 1894. When he was sixteen his family emigrated to the United States and settled in New York. He worked for "Mother Earth", an anarchist journal published by Emma Goldman. He participated in the various anarchist causes of the day, including support of labor strikes and opposition to U.S. entry into World War I as a member of the Anti-Military League.

Life in Soviet Russia

In 1917 Fleshin returned to Russia to take part in the Russian Revolution, where he had an affair with Louise Berger, another of Goldman's "Mother Earth" employees who had voluntarily decided to return to Russia, and who had accompanied him on the voyage.Avrich, Paul, "Anarchist Voices: An Oral History", "Interviews with Boris Yelensky", Princeton University Press (1996), p. 389] Fleshin was soon in conflict with the Bolshevik government; Berger eventually left him and went to Odessa to join a group of "naletchiki" (armed bandits) carrying out 'bank expropriations'. When Fleshin wrote an article criticizing Bolshevist government policies, he was arrested and imprisoned.

Soon after being released he met Molly Steimer, an anarchist who had been deported from the United States. Angered by the communists' suppression of the Russian anarchist movement, [Woodcock, George, "Anarchism: A History Of Libertarian Ideas And Movements", Broadview Press (2004), ISBN 1551116294, 9781551116297, p. 350: By late 1922, there were few anarchists left, especially in the major cities; most had been arrested and either jailed or shot in the cellars of the Cheka.] , Senya and Mollie organized the "Society to Help Anarchist Prisoners", traveling about the country to assist their incarcerated comrades. On 1 November, 1922, the two were themselves arrested by the Soviet secret police on charges of "aiding criminal elements in Russia" (i.e. assisting other anarchists) and "maintaining ties with anarchists abroad" (they had been corresponding with Berkman and Goldman, then in Berlin). Sentenced to two years' exile in a Siberian labor camp by Soviet authorities, Fleshin and Steimer declared a hunger strike on November 17 in their Petrograd jail, and were released the next day. They were forbidden, however, to leave the city and were ordered to report to the authorities every forty-eight hours. Before long, the couple had resumed their efforts on behalf of their imprisoned comrades. On July 9, 1923, police raided their apartment and they were again placed under arrest, charged with propagating anarchist ideas, in violation of Art. 60-63 of the Soviet Criminal Code. Sequestered from their fellow prisoners, Fleshin and Steimer again declared a hunger strike. Protests to Leon Trotsky by foreign anarcho-syndicalist delegates, including Emma Goldman, who wrote a personal letter of protest to a congress of the Red International of Trade Unions (Profintern) eventually brought about their release. This time, however, they were notified of their impending expulsion from the country. On September 27, 1923, Fleshin and Steimer were officially deported, and placed aboard a ship bound for Germany.

Later career

Together with Molly Steimer, Fleshin opened a photographic studio in Berlin. Fleshin was also active in the Joint Committee for the Defense of Revolutionaries (1923-1926) and the Relief Fund of the International Working Men's Association for Anarchists (1926-1932).

When Adolf Hitler came to power Fleshin and Molly Steimer were forced to flee to Paris. On May 18, 1940, Steimer was arrested by the French government and interned at Camp Gurs. [Polenberg, Richard, "Fighting Faiths: The Abrams Case, the Supreme Court, and Free Speech", Cornell University Press (1999), ISBN 0801486181, 9780801486180, pp. 361-361] In 1939, the French government had commenced interning radicals at the camp, in particular leftist refugees from the Spanich Civil War. After the Vichy government signed an armistice with the Nazis in 1940, it became a concentration camp for Jews of any nationality except French, as well as people considered dangerous by the government. After seven weeks of imprisonment, Steimer, aided by French anarchist friends including May Picqueray, the anarchist editor of "Le Réfractaire", [Magnone, Fabrice, "Le Libertaire (1919-1956): De la Révolution espagnole à la Seconde Guerre mondiale", Ch. III, Sec. C: La Seconde Guerre Mondial, parcours politique du journal [ Article] : Picqueray (1893-1983), a devoted and militant anarchist, protested the Bolshevik repression of the anarchists in Russia and assisted Emma Goldman in obtaining the release of Senya Fleshin and Molly Steimer from Bolshevik jails. She also protested the indictments of Sacco and Vanzetti (including sending a mail bomb to the American embassy in Paris in 1921).] managed to escape Camp Gurs during its chaotic turnover to Vichy French government control. [Magnone, Fabrice, "Le Libertaire (1919-1956): De la Révolution espagnole à la Seconde Guerre mondiale", Ch. III, Sec. C: La Seconde Guerre Mondial, parcours politique du journal] Picqueray helped smuggle Fleshin and Steimer out of the country to Mexico, where they settled, running a photography studio. Senya Fleshin died in Mexico City, on 19 June, 1981.


External links

* [ Senya Flechin page] from the Daily Bleed's Anarchist Encyclopedia

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Senya Fleshin — était un photographe et un militant anarchiste juif. Biographie Senya Fleshin est né à Kiev en Ukraine le 19 décembre 1894. A l âge de 16 ans, sa famille immigra à New York aux États Unis. Il travailla pour le compte du magazine anarchiste Emma… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mollie Steimer — Mollie Steimer, around 1918 Mollie (or Molly) Steimer (November 21, 1897 – July 23, 1980) was born as Marthe Alperine in Tsarist Russia. She immigrated to the United States with her family at the age of 15. She became an anarchist and activist… …   Wikipedia

  • Mollie Steimer — Mollie Steimer, alrededor de 1918. Mollie Steimer (Dunaevtsky, Rusia; 21 de noviembre de 1897 Cuernavaca, México; 23 de julio de 1980) anarquista rusa, de origen judío. Contenido 1 Biografía …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mollie Steimer — Mollie Steimer, um 1918 Mollie Steimer, Pseudonym für Marthe Alperine, (russisch Молли Штеймер; * 21. November 1897 in Dunajewzy, Russland; † 23. Juli 1980 in Mexiko Stadt) war eine russische Autorin, politische Aktivistin und Anarchistin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louise Berger — was an Latvian anarchist, a member of the Anarchist Red Cross and editor of Emma Goldman s Mother Earth Bulletin in New York. Berger became well known outside anarchist circles in 1914 after a premature bomb explosion at her New York City… …   Wikipedia

  • STEIMER, MOLLY — (1897–1980), anarchist and advocate on behalf of political prisoners; the only person ever to have been deported from both the United States and the Soviet Union. Born in Dunaevtsy, Russia, Steimer immigrated to New York with her parents and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Anarchist Black Cross — The Anarchist Black Cross ( ABC ) is an anarchist politics support organization. The group is notable for its efforts at providing prisoners with political literature, but it also organises material and legal support for class struggle prisoners… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Mexican Jews — The Jewish population of Latin America has risen to more than 500,000 more than half of whom live in Argentina, with large communities also present in Brazil and Mexico. In Mexico, Mexico City has the largest Jewish population. The second and… …   Wikipedia

  • 19 juin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dix Neuf Juin. . Éphémérides Juin 1er 2 3 4 5 6 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anarchisme aux États-Unis — L anarchisme est un courant de philosophie politique développé depuis le XIXe siècle sur un ensemble de théories et pratiques anti autoritaires[1]. Fondé sur la négation du principe d autorité dans l organisation sociale et le refus de… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.