Brooke Army Medical Center

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= Brooke Army Medical Center

caption= Brooke Army Medical Center
identification_symbol =
dates= 1946 - Present
country= United States
branch= United States Army
type= Hospital
role=Inpatient and Outpatient Services
Graduate Medical Education
Level I Trauma Center
size=450 beds
current_commander= Brigadier General James Gilman
garrison=Fort Sam Houston
motto= "Dedication Duty Service"

Brooke Army Medical Center (BAMC - SAMMC-North) at Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio is part of the United States Army Medical Command. It is a University of Texas Health Science Center and USUHS teaching hospital and contains the Army Burn Center.

BAMC has a proud and venerable history which dates back to 1879 when the first Post Hospital opened as a small medical dispensary located in a single story wooden building.

During the early years the Post hospital was in temporary structures, and it was not until 1886 that the first permanent hospital was built. In 1907 an 84-bed Station hospital was constructed on the west side of the post. This made the hospital among the nation's most modern.In 1929, Brigadier General Roger Brooke assumed command of the Station Hospital, a position he held until 1933. Brooke is credited with instituting the first routine chest X-ray in military medicine.

In July 1936, the cornerstone was laid for the construction of a replacement Station Hospital. By November 1937, the new 418-bed hospital was operational, having cost $3 million dollars. The new hospital was the first in a series of moves which changed Fort Sam Houston from an Infantry to a medical Post.

In 1941, BAMC prepared for an overwhelming flow of casualties from World War II battlefields by converting a 220-person enlisted barracks into additional patient wards. This facility would prove instrumental in providing quality, responsive health care to wounded soldiers and would later become BAMC Headquarters. In 1942, the Station Hospital was renamed Brooke General Hospital in Brooke's honor.

In 1944, BAMC converted a Cavalry Battalion barracks into a convalescent unit to accommodate the tremendous flow of casualties from the war. This building later became Beach Pavilion. Beach housed a substantial portion of BAMC assets to include numerous patient wards and specialty clinics.

In 1946, Fort Sam Houston was chosen as the new site for the U.S. Army Medical Field Service School. The decision to centralize the Army's medical research and training at one location resulted in the re-naming of Brooke General Hospital to Brooke Army Medical Center.

In September 1987, the official groundbreaking took place for the construction of a new hospital. On July 18, 1995, ownership of the replacement hospital was given to the BAMC Commander by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers during the key turnover ceremony. On March 14, 1996, the new facility was officially dedicated and on April 13, BAMC opened for business with the successful transfer of inpatients from the "old" BAMC to the "new" BAMC.

The hospital today is a 450-bed JCAHO-accredited facility, expandable to 653 beds in the event of a disaster. Major services include general medical and surgical care, adult and pediatric primary care clinics, 24-hour Emergency department, specialty clinics, clinical services, wellness and prevention services, veterinary care, and environmental health services.

BAMC is a Level I trauma center, the only one in the MEDCOM, and is part of the Great Plains Regional Medical Command (GPRMC).

AMMC-North (BAMC) Concept

Under BRAC 2005, BAMC is expected to expand its inpatient services as those services are relocated from the 59th Medical Wing, Wilford Hall Medical Center (USAF).

To accomplish the consolidation of Brooke Army Medical Center (BAMC) and Wilford Hall Medical Center as presented in the BRAC 2005 scenario, the addition/alteration of BAMC two separate additions and substantial renovation within the existing facility is proposed.

West Addition

The proposed concept provides for an addition to the west side of the facility adjacent to the current clinic building and medical mall. The proposed west addition will be comprised primarily of administrative space, Outpatient Pediatrics clinic space and an expansion of the existing Pathology Lab.

East Addition

Additionally, on the east side of the existing facility, a four story addition is proposed which will house an expanded Emergency and Trauma department, SICU, CCU and Psychiatric nursing units. This east addition will be connected to the main facility through enclosed corridors (bridges). In both additions, vertical circulation, including stairs and elevators has been provided in strategic locations to supplement existing circulation patterns. In keeping with the original design concept of BAMC, each addition presented also includes mechanical "service bays" to house air handling and electrical equipment.

Parking Garages

The proposed concept is to build two separate garages to accommodate the new capacity.

Central Energy Plant

Due to the substantial additions which are proposed to the existing BAMC facility, it is necessary to provide additional heating and cooling apacities. [ [] SAMMC-North Concept: Consolidation of Brooke Army Medical Center and Wilford Hall Medical Center.]


* 1870 to 1875 - City of San Antonio donates 92 acres for an Army post.
* 1879 - Temporary wooden (board & batten, not log) 12-bed hospital built.
* 1886 - Permanent, brick 12-bed hospital built to replace the temporary one.
* 1908 - Station Hospital built to accommodate 84 beds.
* 1910 - Two wings added to Station Hospital, increasing its capacity by 68 beds.
* 1912 - An isolation ward and a maternity ward added to Station Hospital.
* 1936 - Construction begins on new Station Hospital building, on the site of the old Camp Travis Base Hospital.
* 1938 - New Station Hospital opens with a 418-bed capacity.
* 1941 to 1945 - Station Hospital expands by converting barracks to hospital wards.
* 1942 - Station Hospital named Brooke General Hospital.
* 1942 - Psychiatric Ward built in Old Station Hospital area.
* 1945 - 15th Field Artillery Barracks become Annex IV, increasing capacity to 7,800 beds.
* 1946 - The Medical Field Service School (MFSS) is moved to Fort Sam Houston. The medical entities are reorganized and designated Brooke Army Medical Center (BAMC).
* 1959 - Annex IV is designated Beach Pavilion.
* 1959 - Psychiatric Ward is designated Chambers Pavilion.
* 1983 - Design authority issued for a facility to replace BAMC's 59 separate buildings.
* 1985 - Concept design started for the new BAMC.
* 1992 - Construction of new BAMC starts.
* 1996 - New BAMC opens.
* 2005 - BRAC 2005 recommends (172 Med 10) the consolidation of Wilford Hall Medical Center (WHMC) and Brooke Army Medical Center (BAMC) in San Antonio into one medical region with two integrated campuses known as San Antonio Military Medical Center (SAMMC).


"Hospitals At Fort Sam Houston" Fort Sam Houston Museum, 2006, a public domain work of the United States Government.

External links

* [ Brooke Army Medical Center] (official site)
* [ Medical Therapy of Prostatic Symptoms page about Brooke Army Medical Center - SAMMC-North]

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