Pitta (bird)

name = Pittas

image_width = 240px
image_caption = Indian Pitta
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
subordo = Tyranni
familia = Pittidae
familia_authority = Swainson, 1831
genus = "Pitta"
genus_authority = Vieillot, 1816
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text.

Pittas are a family, Pittidae, of passerine birds mainly found in tropical Asia and Australasia, although a couple of species live in Africa.


Pittas are all similar in general structure and habits, and are placed in a single genus, "Pitta". Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards, at 15 to 25 centimetres in length, and stocky, with longish strong legs, very short tails and stout bills. Many, but not all, are brightly colouredcite book |editor=Forshaw, Joseph|author= McClure, H. Elliott|year=1991|title=Encyclopaedia of Animals: Birds|publisher= Merehurst Press|location=London|pages= 159-160|isbn= 1-85391-186-0] . The name is derived from the word "pitta" in the Telugu language of Andhra Pradesh in India and is a generic local name used for all small birds.

These are fairly terrestrial birds of wet forest floors. They eat snails, insects and similar invertebrate prey. Pittas are mostly solitary and lay up to six eggs in a large spherical nest in a tree or shrub, or sometimes on the ground. Both parents care for the young

Many species of pittas are migratory, and they often end up in unexpected places like house-gardens during migration.


* Eared Pitta, "Pitta phayrei"
* Blue-naped Pitta, "Pitta nipalensis"
* Blue-rumped Pitta, "Pitta soror"
* Rusty-naped Pitta, "Pitta oatesi"
* Schneider's Pitta, "Pitta schneideri"
* Giant Pitta, "Pitta caerulea"
* Blue Pitta, "Pitta cyanea"
* Banded Pitta, "Pitta guajana"
* Bar-bellied Pitta, "Pitta elliotii"
* Gurney's Pitta, "Pitta gurneyi"
* Blue-headed Pitta, "Pitta baudii"
* Hooded Pitta, "Pitta sordida"
* Ivory-breasted Pitta, "Pitta maxima"
* Superb Pitta, "Pitta superba"
* Azure-breasted Pitta, "Pitta steerii"
* Whiskered Pitta, "Pitta kochi"
* Red-bellied Pitta, "Pitta erythrogaster"
* Sula Pitta, "Pitta dohertyi"
* Blue-banded Pitta, "Pitta arcuata"
* Garnet Pitta, "Pitta granatina"
* Black-headed Pitta, "Pitta ussheri"
* Black-crowned Pitta, "Pitta venusta"
* African Pitta, "Pitta angolensis"
* Green-breasted Pitta, "Pitta reichenowi"
* Indian Pitta, "Pitta brachyura"
* Fairy Pitta, "Pitta nympha"
* Blue-winged Pitta, "Pitta moluccensis"
* Mangrove Pitta, "Pitta megarhyncha"
* Elegant Pitta, "Pitta elegans"
* Noisy Pitta, "Pitta versicolor"
* Black-faced Pitta, "Pitta anerythra"
* Rainbow Pitta, "Pitta iris"


External links

* [http://ibc.hbw.com/ibc/phtml/familia.phtml?idFamilia=117 Pitta videos] on the Internet Bird Collection

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pitta — may stand for:* Pitta (bird) , a genus of tropical birds *Pitta (island), an island in the Dodecanese archipelago, in the Aegean Sea *Pitta is one of the three dosha in Ayurvedic medicine. It corresponds to fire *Grand Admiral Danetta Pitta, a… …   Wikipedia

  • pitta — /pit euh/, n. any of several brilliantly colored, passerine birds of the family Pittidae, inhabiting dark, Old World, tropical forests. [1830 40; < Telugu pitta bird] * * * ▪ bird       any of about 23 species of exceptionally colourful Old World …   Universalium

  • Pitta sordida — Kappenpitta Kappenpitta (Pitta sordida) Systematik Klasse: Vögel (Aves) Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pitta — pitta1 [ pɪtə] (also pitta bread, N. Amer. pita) noun flat, hollow slightly leavened bread which can be split open to hold a filling. Origin mod. Gk, lit. cake or pie . pitta2 [ pɪtə] noun a small ground dwelling thrush like bird with brightly… …   English new terms dictionary

  • Pitta-like Ground-roller — Taxobox name = Pitta like Ground roller status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Coraciiformes familia = Brachypteraciidae genus = Atelornis species = A. pittoides binomial = Atelornis… …   Wikipedia

  • bird genus — noun a genus of birds • Hypernyms: ↑genus • Hyponyms: ↑genus Protoavis, ↑genus Archaeopteryx, ↑genus Archeopteryx, ↑genus Sinornis, ↑genus Ibero mesornis, ↑gen …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gurney's Pitta — Taxobox name = Gurney s Pitta status = EN status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Pittidae genus = Pitta species = P. gurneyi binomial = Pitta gurneyi binomial authority = Hume,… …   Wikipedia

  • Mangrove Pitta — by Gould Richter, 1850 1854 Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Rainbow Pitta — Taxobox name = Rainbow Pitta status = LC status system = iucn3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Pittidae genus = Pitta species = P. iris binomial = Pitta iris binomial authority = Gould, 1842The… …   Wikipedia

  • Schneider's Pitta — Taxobox name = Schneider s Pitta status = VU status system = iucn3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Pittidae genus = Pitta species = P. schneideri binomial = Pitta schneideri binomial authority …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.