Nájera


Nájera
Nájera

Seal
Nájera is located in Spain
Nájera
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 42°25′N 2°44′W / 42.417°N 2.733°W / 42.417; -2.733Coordinates: 42°25′N 2°44′W / 42.417°N 2.733°W / 42.417; -2.733
Country Spain
Autonomous community La Rioja
Comarca Nájera
Government
 - Mayor Marta Martínez García (PP)
Area
 - Total 37.44 km2 (14.5 sq mi)
Elevation 485 m (1,591 ft)
Population (2010)
 - Total 8,404
 - Density 224.5/km2 (581.4/sq mi)
Demonym Najerinos or Najerenses
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+2)
Website Official website

Nájera is a small town located in the "Rioja Alta" region of La Rioja, Spain on the river Najerilla. Nájera is a stopping point on the Way of St James.

History

The area attracted the Romans, who built the town of Tritium on land which now falls within the boundaries of Nájera and the neighbouring municipality of Tricio. Subsequently the area was under Muslim rule and the name Nájera (Naxara meaning "town between the rocks") is of Arabic origin.

The town was conquered by Ordoño II of Leon for Navarre in 923. Nájera was the capital city of the kingdom of Navarre before being conquered by Castile in 1054 after the battle of Atapuerca. However, it continued to be multi-cultural. For example, in 1142 there was a visit from a French abbot Peter the Venerable. He used his visit to Spain to commission translations of important Islamic works, including the first translation of the Qur'an into a European language, and it has been suggested he met with his four translators at Nájera. From the tenth century Nájera had a prosperous Jewish community, which was granted relatively favorable legal status after the Christian conquest.

Edward, the Black Prince fought in the Battle of Nájera in 1367, intervening in a Castilian Civil War on behalf of Pedro of Castile.

Main sights

The church of Santa María la Real was founded by García Sánchez III of Pamplona in 1052. It is the burial-place of Spanish kings. The monks had to abandon the annexed monastic complex in the 19th century, as a result of the anti-clerical reforms of Juan Álvarez Mendizábal.

Other sights include:

  • Convent of St. Helena (18th century)
  • Bridge on the Najerilla river, built in the 12th century and remade in 1880
  • La Mota Castle, of Islamic origin, built in 923, currently on ruins.
  • Town Museum
  • Excavations of the Alcázar, abandoned in the 16th century
  • Monastery of Valvanera, 16 km from the town, built in the 11th century, but restored in Gothic style in the 15th century as it became a residence of Isabella of Spain.

See also



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nájera — Drapeau Blason …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Najera — Nájera Nájera …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nájera — Wappen Karte von Spanien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • NÁJERA — (Najara, Nagara, Naiera), city in Castile, N. Spain. It had an old and important community which maintained relations with the Babylonian geonim. Letters from the community have been found in the cairo genizah . As early as the beginning of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nájera — (Naiara en vasco) es una ciudad que se encuentra en La Rioja Alta, La Rioja, España, atravesada por el río Najerilla. Los Romanos encontraron interesante este lugar, y construyeron la ciudad de Tritium en los territorios que hoy ocupan los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Najera — (Nagera), Stadt in der spanischen Provinz Logroño (Altcastilien), gibt einem Herzogthum den Namen; an der Najerilla, einem rechten Nebenfluß des Ebro; Wein u. Getreidebau; 3600 Ew. Hier am 3. April 1367 Sieg des Schwarzen Prinzen von Wales für… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Nájera — (spr. nách ), Bezirkshauptstadt in der span. Provinz Logroño, am Najerilla (rechter Nebenfluß des Ebro), hat eine Kirche mit Grabmälern mehrerer Könige von Navarra, Kastellruinen und (1900) 2836 Einw.; 6 km südwestlich davon Navarreto, bekannt… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • NAJERA — nomenillustris in Hispania Familiae, cum titulo Ducatus, quae Manriciae (Manriquez) stirpis ramus est. Cum enim haec in duas praecipue lineas, Castannedensem et Trebinnensem dividatur; in hac posteriore. quae cognomen de Lara assumpsit, celebris… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Nájera — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Najera — Ehemaliges Benediktinerkloster in Nájera Nájera [ naxeɾa] ist eine Kleinstadt am spanischen Jakobsweg in der autonomen Region La Rioja. Der Name kommt aus dem Arabischen und bedeutet Ort zwischen den Felsen. Nájera hat 7.911 Einwohner (2006). Im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.