- List of Spanish words of various origins
This is a list of Spanish words of various origins. It includes words from
Australian Aboriginal languages, Balti, Berber, Caló, Czech, Dravidian languages, Egyptian, Hungarian, Ligurian, Mongolian, Slavic (such as Old Church Slavonic, Polish, Russian, and Croatian). Some of these words existed in Latinas loanwords from other languages. Some of these words have alternate etymologies and may also appear on a list of Spanish words from a different language. Australian Aboriginal languages
merino= type of sheepof North African origin bred in Spain: from Berber "Merīn" (Modern Spanish "Benimerines") the people of North Africa who originallt bred this type of sheep.
brown, brunette, dark-skinned person: from "moro", "a Moor," from Latin"Maurus", from Ancient Greek"Maúros", probably of Berber origin, but possibly related to the Arabic "maghrib" " west," which is possibly from the Semitic root '*gh-r-b'
*moro = a Moor: see moreno above
*calé= a gypsy: from Caló "Gypsy, speaker of
Romany," see caló below
*caló = Caló, also
black, dark-colored: the word is possibly related to Sanskrit"kanlanka" " blemish, macula" and/or Ancient Greek"kelainós" "black."
*cañi= Caló, gypsy: possibly from "cali", feminine of calé and/or caló, see calé and caló above
glass bead: from Arabic "al-ballūri" "of the crystal," from "al" "the," + "ballūr" "crystal, beryllium," from Ancient Greek"beryllos" (l and r switched places through metathesis: ballūr from beryllos), from "brullion", from Prakrit"veruliya", from Pāli"veuriya"; possibly from or simply akin to a Dravidian source represented by Tamil "veiruor, viar", "to whiten, become pale." [http://www.bartleby.com/61/74/B0207400.html]
*brillante = brilliant,
diamond: from "brillar" "to shine," see brillar below
*brillar = to shine: possibly from
Latin"beryllus", " beryllium," from Ancient Greek"beryllos", see abalorio above
mango: from English "mango", from Portuguese "manga", from Tamil "mānkāy" "mango fruit," from "mān" "mango tree" + "kāy" " fruit."
mongoose: from French "mangouste", from Portuguese "mangús", from Marathi "mangūs" "mongoose," of Dravidian origin.
handkerchief: shortened from "pañuelo de Paliacate", "handkerchief from Paliacte," from Spanish name for Pulicat, a town in the TiruvallurDistrict, in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The Spanish "pañuelo de Paliacate" is a partial calqueof French "mouchoirs de Paliacate" ( 1788).
The Real Academia Española (Spanish Royal Academy) notes that Paliacate comes from the nahualt language. Pal: colour Yacatl: nose.
pariah, outcast: from Tamil "paraiyan" "pariah," literally "one who plays the drum," (the pariahs of south Indiawere originally a casteof Untouchables that played drums [http://www.bartleby.com/61/12/P0071200.html] ), from "parai" "drum", possibly from parāi "to speak."
*aciago = unhappy, sad: probably from
Latin"aegyptius dies", "Egptian day," from Ancient Greek"Aigyptiakos" "Egyptian" ( adjective), from "Aigyptos", see egipcio below.
boat, launch, barge: from Late Latin"barca", from Ancient Greek"báris" "flat-bottomed boat, launch" of Egyptian origin.
boat, ship: from barca, see barca above
Copt, the Coptic language: from Arabic "qubt, qibt", "Copts," from Coptic "gyptios", "an Egyptian," from Ancient Greek"Aigýptios" "Egyptian" ( adjective), see egipcio below
*egipcio = an
Egyptian, of Egypt: from Latin"Aegyptius", from "Aígyptus" "Egypt," from Ancient Greek"Aigyptos", from regional Egyptian "Hikuptah", variant of Egyptian "Hat-kaptah", one of the ancient names of Memphis, Egypt.
*embarcar = to embark, to board a
ship: from Late Latin"imbarcare", from "in-" + "barca", see barca above
*gitano= a Gitano, a Gypsy: from
Medieval Latin'*"Aegyptanus, from Latin"Aegyptus", see egipcio"' above.
paper: from Catalán "paper", from Latin"papyrus", "paper, papyrus," see papiro below
papyrus: from Latin"papyrus", from Ancient Greek"pápyros", "papyrus," possibly of Egyptian origin.
car: originally, a carriagepulled by two horses, ultimately from Hungarian "kocsi" "carriage, cart," short for "kocsi szekér" "carriage of Kócs," Hungarian city where carriages with suspension were first made.
*sable = a
sabre/saber (see spelling differences): from Old High German"sabel", probably derived from Hungarian "szablya" ( 1393), literally "tool to cut with," from "szabni" "to cut." [cite journal |last=Harper |first=Douglas |title=Online Etymology Dictionary |journal= |year=2001 |volume= |issue= |pages= |url=http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?l=s ]
*caqui = Diospyros plant, and its
fruit, the persimmon: from Japanese "kaki".
kimono: from Japanese "kimono" literally "thing to be put on," from "ki" "to put on, wear," + "mono" " thing, person."
sickle: from Latin"falx" "sickle, scythe," possibly from Ligurian. For the change from f in falx to h in hoz see here.
*mongol = a
Mongol: from Mongolian "Mongol" "a Mongol," documented first in Chinese "měng-kǔ", from uncertain source.
*cibelina, cebellina =
sable: from Old French"zibeline, zibelline", from Italian "zibellino", of Slavic origin: compare Russian "sobol"' and Polish "sobol".
quartz: from German "Quarz", from Old High German"quarz", from a Western Slavic form '*"kwardy"', from Slavic '*"tvrd": compare Czech "tvrdý" "quartz, hard," Serbian: "тврд / (tvrd)" Polish "twardy", and Russian "tverdy"
vampireand vamp = a dangerously attractive woman: from Austrian German "Vampyre" "vampire," which in turn was borrowed from Serbian "вампир (vampir)", " vampire", "undead".
Old Church Slavonic
kalesa, a carriagewith low wheels and a folding cover: from French "calèche", from German "Kalesche", from Czech "kolesa", "calesa, carriage," from "kolesa" "wheels," pluralof "koleso" "wheel," from Old Church Slavonic"kolo" "wheel," IE root '*kwel-' [http://www.bartleby.com/61/roots/IE250.html]
*polaco = a
Polack: from Polish "pol-" "field, wide and flat territory."
satellite: from Russian "s = with/from + put = road + -nik = derrivative for objects of people carrying out an action (masc.)"
necktie, cravat: from Italian "carvatta" " wool scarfused by Croatian soldiers in the 17th century" with implicitsense "Croatian scarf," from Croatian "hrvat" "Croat, dof Croatia," of uncertain origin, but from the same root as Old Slavic"Chǔrvatinǔ" "Croat."
Linguistic history of Spanish
List of English words of Spanish origin
*"Breve diccionario etimológico de la lengua española" by Guido Gómez de Silva (ISBN 968-16-2812-8);Notes
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
List of English words of Russian origin — Including English, contain words most likely borrowed from the Russian language. Not all of the words are truly fluent Russian or Slavic origin. Some of them co exist in other Slavic languages and it is difficult to decide whether they made… … Wikipedia
List of French words and phrases used by English speakers — Here are some examples of French words and phrases used by English speakers. English contains many words of French origin, such as art, collage, competition, force, machine, police, publicity, role, routine, table, and many other Anglicized… … Wikipedia
Origins of Falkland Islanders — Falkland Islanders. Falkland Islanders (also called Kelpers, Falklanders; Spanish: Malvinenses, Malvineros/as) derive from various origins. Chief among these are the numerically small but internationall … Wikipedia
Spanish heraldry — The tradition and art of heraldry first appeared in Spain at about the beginning of the eleventh century AD and its origin was similar to other European countries: the need for knights and nobles to distinguish themselves from one another on the… … Wikipedia
List of characters in Chrono Cross — Serge (center) with some of the playable characters of Chrono Cross. First row: Mojo, Macha, Doc, Mel, Guile, Sprigg, and Starky. Second row: Razzly, Glenn, Leena, Kid, Nikki, and Sneff. Third row: Van, Harle, Norris, Radius, Irenes, and Pierre.… … Wikipedia
List of Etruscan mythological figures — This is a list of deities and legendary figures found in the Etruscan mythology. The names below were taken mainly from Etruscan picture bilinguals , which are Etruscan call outs on art depicting mythological scenes or motifs. Several different… … Wikipedia
Spanish Navy — Active 13th century present Country … Wikipedia
List of country name etymologies — This list covers English language country names with their etymologies. Some of these include notes on indigenous names and their etymologies. Countries in italics no longer exist as sovereign political entities.Aflag|Afghanistan::From Afghan and … Wikipedia
List of common misconceptions — This incomplete list is not intended to be exhaustive. This is a list of current, widely held, false ideas and beliefs about notable topics which have been reported by reliable sources from around the world. Each has been discussed in published… … Wikipedia
List of anarchist communities — This is a list of anarchist communities, past and present.Throughout history, anarchists have been involved in a wide variety of communities. While there are only a few instances of large scale anarchies that have come about from explicitly… … Wikipedia