canton=Chief town of 3 cantons
(9 communes, 61,734 inhabitants)|insee=60057
alt moy=67 m
alt mini=57 m
alt maxi=170 m
Beauvais is a town and commune of northern
France, " préfecture" (capital) of the Oise"département". Population (1999): city: 57,355 ("beauvaisiens"); city and suburbs: 59,003; urban area (in French: " aire urbaine"): 100,733. It lies about 90 km north of Paris.
Beauvais was known to the Romans as "Bratuspantium" (gaulish name) "Caesaromagus" (gallo-roman name)(though the post-Renaissance Latin rendering is "Bellovacum", after the name of the Celtic tribe.) and took its present name from the Belgic tribe of the
Bellovaci, whose capital it was. In the ninth century it became a countship, which about 1013 passed to the bishops of Beauvais, who became peers of France from the twelfth century. At the coronations of kings the Bishop of Beauvaiswore the royal mantle and went, with the Bishop of Langres, to raise the king from his throne to present him to the people.
In 1346 the town had to defend itself against the English, who again besieged it in 1433. The
siegewhich it suffered in 1472 at the hands of the duke of Burgundywas rendered famous by the heroism of the women, under the leadership of Jeanne Hachette, whose memory is still celebrated by a procession on the 14th of October (the feast of Sainte Angadrême), in which the women take precedence of the men.
An interesting hoard of coins is known as the “Beauvais” hoard because some of the European coins found in the hoard are from the French abbey located in Beauvais. [http://treasurehunting.tv/?p=101 Coin Hoard Article]
Beauvais lies at the foot of wooded hills on the left bank of the
Thérainat its confluence with the Avelon. Its ancient ramparts have been destroyed, and it is now surrounded by boulevards, outside which run branches of the Thérain. In addition, there are spacious promenades in the north-east of the town.
Its cathedral, dedicated to
Saint Peter("Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Beauvais"), in some respects the most daring achievement of Gothic architecture, consists only of a transeptand quirewith apseand seven apse-chapels. The vaulting in the interior exceeds convert|150|ft|m|abbr=on. in height.
The small Romanesque church of the tenth century known as the "Basse Oeuvre" occupies the site destined for the nave. Begun in 1247, under Bishop William of Grès (Guillaume de Grès, Guillaume de Grez), an extra convert|16|ft|m were added to the height, to make it the tallest cathedral in Europe: the work was interrupted in 1284 by the collapse of the vaulting of the choir, a disaster that produced a temporary failure of nerve among the masons working in Gothic style. In 1573 the fall of a too-ambitious central tower stopped work again, after which little addition was made. The transept was built from 1500 to 1548.
Its "façades," especially that on the south, exhibit all the richness of the late Gothic style. The carved wooden doors of both the north and the south portals are masterpieces respectively of Gothic and
Renaissanceworkmanship. The church possesses an elaborate astronomical clock(1866) and tapestriesof the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries; but its chief artistic treasures are stained glasswindows of the thirteenth, fourteenth and sixteenth centuries, the most beautiful of them from the hand of the Renaissance artist, Engrand Le Prince, a native of Beauvais. To him also is due some of the stained glass in St. Etienne, the second church of the town, and an interesting example of the transition stage between the Romanesque and Gothic styles.
During the Middle Ages, on
January 14, the Feast of Asseswas celebrated in the Beauvais Cathedral, in commemoration of the Flight into Egypt.
Bishops of Beauvais
The early bishops of Beauvais are largely legendary, but a document records that the bishop who occupied the see from 632 to 660 was the thirteenth incumbent. [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02377c.htm] The see, near Paris and the centers of power, was a desirable one, being a prince-bishopric with the style of "évêque-comte" ('bishop-count') of Beauvais, and one of the few ecclesiastical original Peers of the realm of France of the kingdom, with the ceremonial privilege to bears the royal mantle at the coronation. The most famous bishops of Beauvais are
Odo of Beauvais(860-881) involved in a battle of prerogatives that was a foretaste of the Investiture Controversy; Gui (1063-85), who founded the great Beauvais school of theology at St. Quentin of Beauvais; Pierre Cauchon (1420-32), whose name is compromised in the condemnation of Joan of Arc; Jean Juvenal des Ursins(1433-44), the chronicler of Charles VI; Odet Cardinal de Chatillon(1535-62), brother of admiral Coligny, who turned Protestant at the Reformation; Francois-Joseph de la Rochefoucauld (1772-92), who died in the Carmelite prison in 1792; and François Hyacinthe Jean Feutrier (1825-30), minister of ecclesiastical affairs in the Martignac cabinet.
In the "Place de l'Hôtel de Ville" and in the old streets near the cathedral there are several houses dating from the twelfth to the sixteenth centuries. The "hotel de ville", close to which stands the statue of Jeanne Hachette, was built in 1752. The episcopal palace, now used as a court-house, was built in the sixteenth century, partly upon the
Birthplace of the mathematician
Henri Lebesgue. In measure-theoretic analysis and related branches of mathematics, Lebesgue-Stieltjes integration generalizes Riemann-Stieltjes and Lebesgue integration, preserving the many advantages of the latter in a more general measure-theoretic framework.
The industry of Beauvais comprises, besides the state manufacture of
tapestry, which dates from 1664, the manufacture of various kinds of cotton and woollen goods, brushes, toys, boots and shoes, and bricks and tiles. Market-gardening flourishes in the vicinity and an extensive trade is carried on in grain and wine.
The town is the seat of a bishop, a prefect and a court of assizes; it has tribunals of first instance and of commerce, together with a chamber of commerce, a branch of the Bank of France, a higher ecclesiastical seminary, a "lycée" and training colleges.
Beauvais also has a small airport,
Beauvais Tillé, which is used by several low-cost carrierand charter airlines such as Ryanairas a terminal for nearby Paris, to which frequent shuttle buses run.
Beauvais is home to
AS Beauvais Oise, a soccer club playing in the Championnat National(as of 2006).
* - Witten (
Germany), since 1990
* - Maidstone (
* [http://www.beauvais.fr/ Official website]
* [http://www.urbibus.org/beauvais/ Unofficial website]
* [http://www.beauvais-online.com/?lang=en Beauvais' city guide (unofficial)]
* [http://blog46.beauvais.fr/ blog46, BIJ & EPM (open cybercafé)]
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02377c.htm "Catholic Encyclopedia":] Diocese of Beauvais
* [http://studentwebs.coloradocollege.edu/~SF_SCHUSTER/Index.htm "Why did Beauvais cathedral fall/"] Theories on the collapse of Beauvais cathedral
* [http://treasurehunting.tv/?p=101 Coin Hoard Article]
* [http://www.age.lasalle-beauvais.fr/ AGE LaSalle-Beauvais]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Beauvais — Beauvais … Deutsch Wikipedia
Beauvais — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Beauvais (desambiguación). Beauvais … Wikipedia Español
Beauvais — • A suffragan diocese of the archiepiscopal See of Reims Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Beauvais Beauvais † … Catholic encyclopedia
beauvais — v. de France, ch. l. du dép. de l Oise; 56 278 hab. Industr. La Manufacture nat. de tapisserie, fondée en 1664, a été transférée en 1936 à Paris (Gobelins). Cath. St Pierre, goth. de transition (XIIIe XIVe s.). ⇒BEAUVAIS, subst. masc. AMEUBL.… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Beauvais — Fréquent dans le Nord et la Somme, désigne celui qui est originaire de Beauvais. Le nom de la ville vient d un peuple gaulois, les Bellovaques (latin Bellovaci), implanté dans la région. Variante : Beauvois (qui dans d autres régions sera… … Noms de famille
Beauvais  — Beauvais (spr. Bohwäh), 1) Bezirk im französischen Departement Oise, 367/10 QM.; 134,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt desselben u. des Departements Oise, am Therain; Sitz der Departementsbehörden, eines Bischofs, Handelsgerichts, eines Tribunals 1.… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Beauvais  — Beauvais (spr. Bohwäh), 1) Guillaume, geb. 1698 zu Dünkirchen u. gest. zu Orleans 1773; er schr. u.a.: Hist. des Emper. romains et grecs, Par. 1767, 3 Bde.; La manière de discerner les médallies antiques de celles, qui sont contrefaites, ebd.… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Beauvais  — Beauvais (spr. bōwä), Hauptstadt des franz. Depart. Oise, am Zusammenfluß des Avelon und Thérain, Knotenpunkt der Nordbahn, hat mehrere Vorstädte, breite Straßen und meist mittelalterliche Giebelhäuser. Die Kathedrale ist ein unvollendeter… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Beauvais  — Beauvais (spr. bōwä), 1) Ambroise Palisot de, Naturforscher, geb. 28. Okt. 1755 in Arras, gest. 21. Jan. 1820 in Paris, bereiste Afrika und Nordamerika, schrieb: »Flore d Oware et de Benin« (1804–1807, 2 Bde.); »Essai d une nouvelle… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Beauvais — (spr. bowäh), Hauptstadt des franz. Dep. Oise, am Zusammenfluß des Avelon und Thérain, (1901) 20.300 E., Kathedrale; Steingutfabriken, Staatsfabrik für Gobelintapeten; das alte Bellovacum … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Beauvais — (Bohwäh), Hauptst. des franz. Depart. der Oise mit 14000 E., in einer reizenden Gegend am Zusammenflusse des Avelon und Thérain, Bischofsitz, blühende Fabriken in Teppichen, Tuch, Wollenwaaren, Shawls. Berühmt ist die alte, aus dem 8. Jahrh.… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon