building of the Ain department
alt moy=240 m
alt maxi=273 m
Bourg-en-Bresse (IPA2|buʁkɑ̃bʁɛs; "Bôrg" in
Arpitan language) is a commune in eastern France, capital of the Aindepartment, and was capital of the former province of Bresse("Brêsse"). It is located 36 km north-northeast of Lyon. The population of the city and suburbs is 57,198, and the population of the metropolitan area is 101,016. The inhabitants of Bourg-en-Bresse are known as "Burgiens" or "Burgiennes".
Bourg-en-Bresse is located at the western base of the
Jura mountains, on the left bank of the Reyssouze, a tributary of the Saône. It's at convert|60|km|mi|0|spell=us North-East of Lyonand at convert|50|km|mi|0|spell=us of Lons-le-Saunier.
Roman remains have been discovered at Bourg, but little is known of its early history. Raised to the rank of a
free townin 1250, it was at the beginning of the 15th century chosen by the dukes of Savoyas the chief city of the province of Bresse. In 1535 it passed to France, but was restored to Duke Philibert Emmanuel, who later built a strong citadel, which afterwards withstood a six months siegeby the soldiers of Henry IV. The town was finally ceded to France in 1601. In 1814 the inhabitants, in spite of the defenceless condition of their town, offered resistance to the Austrians, who put the place to pillage.
The chief of the older buildings is the church of Notre-Dame ("Cathédrale Notre-Dame-de-l'Annonciation de Bourg-en-Bresse") (16th century), of which the "façade" belongs to the Renaissance; other parts of the church are Gothic. In the interior there are stalls of the 16th century. The other public buildings, including a handsome "préfecture", are modern. The "hôtel de ville" contains a library and the Lorin museum with a collection of pictures, while another museum has a collection of the old costumes and ornaments characteristic of Bresse. Among the statues in the town there is one of
Edgar Quinet(1803-1875), a native of Bourg.
The church of
Brou, a suburb of Bourg-en-Bresse, is of great artistic interest. Marguerite of Bourbon, wife of Philip II of Savoy, had intended to found a monasteryon the spot, but died before her intention could be carried into effect. The church was actually built early in the 16th century by her daughter-in-law Marguerite of Austria, wife of Philibert le Beau of Savoy, in memory of her husband. The exterior, especially the " façade", is richly ornamented, but the chief interest lies in the works of art in the interior, which date from 1532. The most important are the three mausoleums with the marble effigies of Marguerite of Bourbon, Philibert le Beau, and Marguerite of Austria. All three are remarkable for perfection of sculpture and richness of ornamentation. The rood loft, the oak stalls, and the reredosin the chapel of the Virgin are masterpieces in a similar style.
The manufactures consist of iron goods, mineral waters, tallow, soap and earthenware, and there are flour mills and breweries; and there is considerable trade in grain, cattle and poultry -
Poulet de Bresse.
Bourg is the seat of a
prefectand of a court of assizes, and has a tribunalof first instance, a tribunal and a chamber of commerce, and a branch of the Bank of France. Its educational establishments include "lycées", and training "collèges".
Bourg-en-Bresse was the finish of Stage 6 and the departure of Stage 7 in the
2007 Tour de France.
Bourg-en-Bresse was the birthplace of:
Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac(1581-1638), mathematician
Jérôme Lalande(1732-1807), astronomer
Jean-Bernard Gauthier de Murnan(1748-1796), French officer for the Continental Armyand a French General during the French Revolution
Edgar Quinet(1803-1875), historianand man of letters
Jacques Pépin(born 1935), noted French chef
François Clerc(born 1983), football player for Olympique Lyonnaisand the French national team
Paul Fromin, (born 1950), composer and musician ( saxophoneplayer)
Julien Benneteau, (born 1981), tennisplayer
Lionel Nallet, (born 14 September, 1976), French international rugby unionplayer (lock), currently playing for Castres Olympiquein the Top 14.
Laurent Gerra, (born 1967), humorist, voices imitator, writer and director.
Georges Blanc, famous cook.
Alain Giletti, (born on 9 November, 1939), ice skater, 10 times French champion, 5 times European champion, 4 times vice-champion of Europe and 1 time World champion (1960).
Jean De Gaulle, grandson of the General De Gaulle.
André Diethelm, Minister of war under the General De Gaulle's first government.
Louis Jourdan, painter.
Jean-Yves Mariotte, architect and paleograph.
Daniel Morelon, cyclist.
Jean-Luc Tissot, basketball player.
Jérôme Monnet, basketball player.
Paul Filliat, cyclist.
Bourg-en-Bresse is twinned with:
Bad Kreuznach, Germany
Additionally, it has established partnerships with:
San Severo, Italy
ee as well
External link and reference
* [http://www.bourg-en-bresse.org/ City council website] (in French)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Bourg-en-bresse — Vue de l avenue Alsace Lorraine Détail … Wikipédia en Français
Bourg en Bresse — Vue de l avenue Alsace Lorraine … Wikipédia en Français
Bourg en bresse — Vue de l avenue Alsace Lorraine Détail … Wikipédia en Français
Bourg en Bresse — Bourg en Bresse … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bourg-en-Bresse — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bourg en Bresse / Bôrg Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Bourg-en-Bresse — Bourg en Bresse … Deutsch Wikipedia
BOURG-EN-BRESSE — BOURG EN BRESSE, capital of the department of the Ain, eastern France. The first mention of Jews in Bourg en Bresse dates from 1277 when the Jews and the Cahorsins paid 50 livres to the lady of the manor. An agreement of 1438 between the city… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Bourg-en-Bresse — [buːrã brɛs], Stadt im Département Ain, Frankreich, Verwaltungssitz und Marktzentrum der Bresse, am Westrand des Französischen Jura, 41 000 Einwohner; Möbel und Textilindustrie, Fahrzeugbau. Stadtbild: Im Vorort Brou die unter Margarete von … Universal-Lexikon
Bourg-en-Bresse — (spr. burk ang breß), Hauptstadt des franz. Dep. Ain (Burgund), an der Reyssouse, (1901) 18.887 E.; Kirche Notre Dame de Brou mit den Mausoleen des Hauses Savoyen; bedeutender Handel … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Bourg-en-Bresse — 46° 12′ 20″ N 5° 13′ 44″ E / 46.2055555556, 5.22888888889 … Wikipédia en Français