Cotinga

Cotingas
Andean Cock-of-the-Rock, Rupicola peruviana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Tyranni
Family: Cotingidae
Bonaparte, 1849
Genera

Many, see text.

The cotingas are a large family of passerine bird species found in Central America and tropical South America. Cotingas are birds of forests or forest edges, which mostly eat fruit or insects and fruit. Comparatively little is known about this diverse group, although all have broad bills with hooked tips, rounded wings, and strong legs. They may be the most diverse passerine family in body size, ranging from the 8-cm Kinglet Calyptura to the 50-cm male Amazonian Umbrellabird, although the smaller bird may not be a true cotinga.

The males of many species, such as the cock-of-the-rocks, are brightly coloured, or decorated with plumes or wattles, like the umbrellabirds, with their umbrella-like crest and long throat wattles. Some, like the bellbirds and the Screaming Piha, have distinctive and far-carrying calls. The females of most species are duller than the males.

Most species are polygynous, and only the females care for the eggs and young. Both brilliant male colors and loud vocalizations are the result of sexual selection. Many have striking courtship displays, often grouped together in leks. In such canopy-dwelling genera as Carpodectes, Cotinga, and Xipholena, males gather high in a single tree or in adjacent trees, but male cocks-of-the-rock, as befits their more terrestrial lives, give their elaborate displays in leks on the ground.[1]

On the other hand, the Purple-throated Fruitcrow lives in mixed-sex groups in which one female lays an egg and the others help provide insects to the chick.[1]

Nests differ greatly. Many species lay a single egg in a nest so flimsy that the egg can be seen from underneath. This may make the nests hard for predators to find. Fruiteaters build more solid cup nests, and the cocks-of-the-rock attach their mud nests to cliffs.[1]

Contents

Species

A number of species previously placed in this family have recently been placed in the family Tityridae (genera Laniisoma, Laniocera and Iodopleura) or incertae sedis (genera Oxyruncus, Phibalura and Calyptura).[2]

FAMILY: COTINGIDAE

References

  1. ^ a b c Prum, Richard O.; Snow, David W. (2003). "Cotingas". In Christopher Perrins (Ed.). Firefly Encyclopedia of Birds. Firefly Books. pp. 432–433. ISBN 1-55297-777-3. 
  2. ^ Remsen, J. V., Jr., C. D. Cadena, A. Jaramillo, M. Nores, J. F. Pacheco, M. B. Robbins, T. S. Schulenberg, F. G. Stiles, D. F. Stotz, & K. J. Zimmer. 2007. A classification of the bird species of South America. American Ornithologists' Union. Accessed 12 December 2007.

Further reading

  • Snow, D.W. (1976). "The relationship between climate and annual cycles in the Cotingidae." Ibis 118(3):366-401
  • Snow, D.W. (1982). The Cotingas: Bellbirds, Umbrella birds and their allies. British Museum Press. ISBN 0-19-858511-X

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • cotinga — [ kɔtɛ̃ga ] n. m. • 1765; d un dial. amér. ♦ Oiseau d Amérique du Sud (passériformes), au plumage richement coloré. ● cotinga nom masculin (mot d une langue indienne) Oiseau passereau frugivore des forêts tropicales américaines. cotinga [kɔtɛ̃ga] …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • cotinga — (Cotinga cayana y otras especies; Hispam.) f. Nombre dado a distintas especies de *pájaros de un género de dentirrostros, grandes y de plumaje vistoso. * * * cotinga. m. Am. Género de pájaros dentirrostros, de buen tamaño y de plumaje muy variado …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cotinga — Cotinga, 1) so v.w. Seidenschwanz (Ampelis), Gattung der beerenfressenden Singvögel; 2) (Schmuckvogel), Untergattung hiervon, zeichnen sich durch ausnehmenden Farbenschmuck (zur Begattungszeit) aus, haben einen schwächeren Schnabel als die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • cotinga — COTÍNGA s. f. pasăre mică din Brazilia, cu un penaj superb, care trăieşte în colonii mari, hrănindu se cu fructe. (< fr. cotinga) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • Cotinga — Co*tin ga (k[ o]*t[ e][ng] g[.a]), n. [Native South American name.] (Zo[ o]l.) A bird of the family {Cotingid[ae]}, including numerous bright colored South American species; called also {chatterers}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cotinga — s. f. [Ornitologia] Gênero de aves insetívoras, de plumagem brilhante, da América Tropical …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • cotinga — m. Am. Género de pájaros dentirrostros, de buen tamaño y de plumaje muy variado y vistoso …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Cotinga — Cotingidae Cotingidés …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cotinga — tikrosios kotingos statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Cotinga angl. cotinga vok. Kotinga, f rus. настоящая котинга, f pranc. cotinga, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – kotinginiai siauresnis terminas – blizgioji kotinga… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • cotinga — noun Any of the neotropical passerine birds of the genus Cotinga …   Wiktionary

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