- Bumper sticker
thumb|right|250px|Bumper stickers are often used on commercial vehicles so that employers can receive feedback about the driving habits of their employees
A bumper sticker is an adhesive
labelor sticker with a message, intended to be attached to the bumper of an automobileand to be read by the occupants of other vehicles - although they are often stuck onto other objects. Most bumper stickers are about 30 cm by 8 cm (12 in by 3 in) and are often made of PVC.
Bumper stickers can be commercial,
religious, humorous, or in support of a sports teamor other organization. They may promote or oppose a particular philosophical or political position. Bumper stickers are a popular way of showing support for a candidatefor a governmentseat and become more common during electionyears.
One variety of bumper sticker is the country tag. This is typically used for cars crossing international borders, and is overseen by the
United Nationsas the "Distinguishing Signs of Vehicles in International Traffic", being authorized by the UN's Geneva Convention on Road Traffic(1949) and Vienna Convention on Road Traffic(1968). Often the country code is displayed on the license plate itself.
These have (usually in the USA) been spun off into tags indicating a country with which the driver affiliates, or more humorously to indicate things like a city (OBX), political party (GOP), etc.
People who opt to exhibit their individuality through these decals often take part in more acts of
road rage. Colorado State University social psychologist, William Szlemko, found that aggressive driving is linked to the number of markers a person has on his/her car, regardless of the messages portrayed. He says this idea is linked to the idea of territoriality. The more individualized the car, the more the person tends to think of public roads as his/her own. [cite web | url=http://www.chicagotribune.com/features/chi-driving-behaviorjun17,0,6817198.story | title="Sign of road rage may be on bumper" | author=Vedantam, Shankar | publisher=Chicago Tribune | date=2008-06-17 | accessdate=2008-06-17]
Application and removal
Due to the movement of the vehicle and changing weather conditions, the sticker needs to adhere well to the bumper surface. However, there are some "easy to remove" bumper stickers and
magneticbumper stickers. Bumper stickers can be removed with penetrating oilor a heat gun. Home remedies also include using common household items, such as WD-40or paint thinner.
Bumper stickers could not predate the introduction of the automobile bumper; the
Ford Model Tlacked bumpers to which bumper stickers could be conveniently attached, but the Ford Model A, introduced in 1927, had them. One online source [http://www.bumprstickrz.com/bumperstickerhistory.html] credits the current bumper sticker to Forest P. Gill, a silkscreenprinter from Kansas City. [http://www.kansascity.com/238/story/581859-p2.html]
The first bumper stickers appeared shortly before
World War II; they were flag-like, and attached to the bumper by wires. Gill replaced the wire attachments with pressure sensitive adhesive, and as a result bumper stickers became more widespread and practical.
Around the world
Considerable variation exists around the world as to the context and purpose of stickers.
On some vehicles, some stickers are like trophy signs of WWII aeroplanes, either of locations visited or actions completed.
They have also been extensively applied to rear windows as well, where legislative measures have not banned such use. For instance in Sweden that is the normal place to put them and the bumper sticker is actually called "bakrutedekal" (rear window decal).
More recently, bumper stickers have become a route for advertising and a few companies offer to match car owners to advertisers willing to pay for the ad.
Israel, one of the most popular songs of all time is Shirat Hasticker("The Sticker Song") by Hadag Nachash, a song composed entirely of bumper sticker slogans.
Variants of the bumper sticker have developed in recent years, including vinyl decals meant to be applied to a car's rear windshield, and chrome emblems to be affixed to the body of the car itself, generally on the rear (the "Jesus fish" and its "Darwin fish" counterpart are popular examples).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
bumper sticker — bumper stickers N COUNT A bumper sticker is a small piece of paper or plastic with words or pictures on it, designed for sticking onto the back of your car. It usually has a political, religious, or humorous message. ...a bumper sticker that said … English dictionary
bumper sticker — bumper .sticker n a small sign on the bumper of a car, with a humorous, political, or religious message … Dictionary of contemporary English
bumper sticker — ☆ bumper sticker n. a gummed paper with a printed slogan, witticism, etc., for sticking on a vehicle s bumper … English World dictionary
bumper sticker — bumper ,sticker noun count a small sign you can stick on your car with a message on it that may be funny, political, or religious … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
bumper sticker — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms bumper sticker : singular bumper sticker plural bumper stickers a small sign that you can stick on your car with a message on it that may be funny, political, or advertising something … English dictionary
bumper sticker — noun a) An adhesive label or decal, usually applied to the bumper or back end of an automobile, and displaying a short political, promotional, philosophical, or humorous message. He has a bumper sticker on his van that reads faster than a… … Wiktionary
bumper sticker — noun Bumper sticker is used before these nouns: ↑slogan … Collocations dictionary
bumper sticker —  A piece of rectangular paper with a sticky back which can be attached to the back of a vehicle to promote something  Trucker slang for a car following too closely as in Hey Charlie better watch out you got a bumper sticker on your backdoor … Dictionary of automotive terms
bumper sticker — sticker intended for the rear bumper of a car (usually bearing a political slogan, advertisement, joke, etc.) … English contemporary dictionary
bumper sticker — /ˈbʌmpə stɪkə/ (say bumpuh stikuh) noun a long, thin sticker (def. 2) designed to be affixed to a bumper bar … Australian English dictionary