Translatio imperii

Translatio imperii, Latin for "transfer of rule", is a concept invented in the Middle Ages for describing history as a "linear" development: a succession of "transfers of power" from one supreme ruler (emperor) to the next.


Jacques Le GoffLe Goff, Jacques. "La civilisation de l'Occident médieval". Paris. 1964; English translation (1988): "Medieval Civilization", ISBN 0-631-17566-0 – "translatio imperii" is discussed in Part II, Chapter VI, section on "Time, eternity and history".] describes the "translatio imperii" concept as "typical" for the Middle Ages for several reasons: the idea of "linearity" of time and history was typical for the Middle Ages; the "translatio imperii" idea typically also neglected simultaneous developments in other parts of the world (of no importance to medieval Europeans); the "translatio imperii" idea didn't separate "divine" history from the history of "worldly power": medieval Europeans considered divine (supernatural) and material things as part of the same continuum, which was their "reality". Also the "causality" of one reign necessarily leading to its successor was often detailed by the medieval chroniclers, and is seen as a typical medieval approach.

Not surprisingly, each medieval author described the "translatio imperii" as a succession leaving the supreme power in the hands of the monarch ruling the region of the author's provenance:
* Otto of Freising (living in German region): RomeByzantiumFranksLongobardsGermans (=Holy Roman Empire);
* Chrétien de Troyes (living in medieval France): Greece → Rome → France [De Troyes, Chrétien. "Cligès". Circa 1176.]
* Richard de Bury (England, 14th century): "Athens" (Greece) → Rome → "Paris" (France) → England

Medieval and Renaissance authors often linked this transfer of power by genealogically attaching a ruling family to an ancient Greek or Trojan hero; this schema was modeled on Virgil's use of Aeneas (a Trojan hero) as mythic founder of the city of Rome in his "Aeneid". Continuing with this tradition, the twelfth-century anglo-Norman authors Geoffrey of Monmouth (in his "Historia Regum Britanniae") and Wace (in his "Brut") linked the founding of Britain to the arrival of Brutus of Troy, son of Aeneas. In a similar way, the French Renaissance author Jean Lemaire de Belges (in his "Les Illustrations de Gaule et Singularités de Troie") linked the founding of Celtic Gaul to the arrival of the Trojan "Francus" (i.e. Astyanax), the son of Hector; and of Celtic Germany to the arrival of "Bavo", the cousin of Priam; in this way he established an illustrious genealogy for Pepin and Charlemagne (the legend of "Francus" would also serve as the basis for Ronsard's epic poem, "La Franciade").


ee also

*translatio studii - ( _la. transfer of learning) - the geographic movement of learning
*New Rome
*Third Rome

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Translatio Imperii — (lat. Übertragung des Reichs) ist eine Theorie des Mittelalters und der frühen Neuzeit, derzufolge ein Weltreich das andere ablöst. Es handelt sich dabei um eine im Mittelalter verbreitete Geschichtsauffassung, derzufolge Geschichte linear… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Translatio imperii — (lat. Übertragung des Reichs) ist eine politische Theorie des Mittelalters und der frühen Neuzeit, derzufolge ein Weltreich das andere ablöst. Sie basiert auf der im Mittelalter verbreiteten, theologisch begründeten Geschichtsauffassung, dass… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Translatio imperii — (лат.)  «переход империи». Позднеантичная и средневековая европейская идея о переходе метафизического мирового царства из страны в страну. В европейской культуре у данной идеи два основных источника  сюжет «Энеиды» Вергилия о переносе… …   Википедия

  • Translatio imperii — L idée de translatio imperii (« transfert de la puissance ») est un concept né au Moyen Âge et décrivant l histoire comme une succession linéaire entre détenteurs du pouvoir, d un empire au suivant, de l Orient à l Occident. Jacques Le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Translatio imperii — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Translatio imperii — Translatio imperi|i   [lateinisch], mittelalterliche, von der Kurie ausgehende Vorstellung von der »Übertragung des Kaisertums« von Byzanz auf Karl den Großen (800) durch den Papst. Hieraus leiteten die Päpste, besonders seit Innozenz III., ihren …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Translatio Imperii — Trans|la|tio Im|pe|rii die; <lat. ; »Übertragung der Herrschaft«> im Verlauf der Geschichte erfolgende Übertragung der Vorherrschaft von einem Volk auf ein anderes …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Translatio studii — is the geographic movement of learning. In the Renaissance and later, historians saw the metaphorical light of learning as moving much as the light of the sun did: westward. According to this notion, the first center of learning was Eden,… …   Wikipedia

  • Translatio studii — L idée de translatio studii est un concept médiéval évoquant le déplacement géographique de l activité d enseignement selon les époques. Cette idée, née au IXe siècle, utilise la métaphore de la lumière du soleil pour décrire le mouvement de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Renovatio imperii Romanorum — Renovatio imperii La renovatio imperii (parfois restauratio imperii ou renovatio imperii romanorum), soit en français « restauration de l Empire », est le projet de rétablissement de l Empire romain formulé à plusieurs reprises au Moyen …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.