Claude Dablon

Claude Dablon (February 1618 – May 3, 1697) was a Jesuit missionary, born in Dieppe, France.

At the age of twenty-one he entered the Society of Jesus, and after his course of studies and teaching in France, arrived in Canada in 1655. He was at once dispatched with Father Chaumonot to begin a central mission among the Iroquois at Onondaga. The diary he kept of this journey and of his return to Quebec in the year following gives a graphic account of the terrifying conditions under which these journeys were made.[1] Many of his diary notes were published during his lifetime in Jesuit Relations.[2]

In 1661 he accompanied Father Druillettes, the Apostle of Maine, on an expedition overland to Hudson Bay, the purpose of which was to establish missions among the Native Americans in that region and perhaps to discover an outlet through Hudson Bay to the China Sea.[disambiguation needed ] The expedition was unsuccessful and is only chronicled as another abortive attempt to find the famous Northwest Passage. In 1668 Dablon was on Lake Superior with Claude-Jean Allouez and Jacques Marquette, forming with them what Bancroft calls the "illustrious triumvirate", and he was the first to inform the world of the rich copper mines of that region, which later became so valuable to the Canadian economy. It was Dablon who appointed Marquette to undertake the expedition which resulted in the discovery of the Upper Mississippi River; he also gave Marquette's letters and charts to the world. In connection with this discovery he called attention to the feasibility of passing from Lake Erie to Florida "by cutting a canal through only half a league of prairie to pass from the end of the Lake of the Illinois (Lake Michigan) to the River of St. Louis" (the Illinois River). This canal, projected by Dablon, was built in the 1840s as the Illinois and Michigan Canal.

After founding Sault Ste. Marie, Dablon became, in 1670, Superior General of all the Canadian Missions, retaining that office until 1680. He was reappointed in 1686 and remained superior until 1693. His contributions to the "Relations" are historically valuable with his descriptions of places and people and his narration of events.


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Claude Dablon — est né en 1619 à Dieppe en France et est décédé à Québec en 1697. Ce missionnaire jésuite a passé la plus grande partie de sa vie, soit plus de 40 ans, a effectué un travail d apostolat auprès des communautés amérindiennes de la Nouvelle France… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude Dablon —     Claude Dablon     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Claude Dablon     Jesuit missionary, born at Dieppe, France, in February, 1618; died at Quebec, 3 May, 1697. At the age of twenty one he entered the Society of Jesus, and after his course of studies …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Dablon, Claude — • Jesuit missionary, born at Dieppe, France, in February, 1618; died at Quebec, 3 May, 1697 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Dablon, Claude — (1619 1697)    Born at Dieppe. Educated at Paris and La Flèche; joined Canadian mission, 1655; accompanied Chaumonot to Onondaga territory, where he remained for three years; then returned to Quebec and remained till 1661, when sent on a mission… …   The makers of Canada

  • Père Dablon — Claude Dablon Claude Dablon (1618 1697) est un jésuite canadien connu pour ses travaux missionnaires près du lac Supérieur. Missionnaire à Tadoussac en 1642, il partit de Québec le 19 septembre 1655 avec le père Chaumonot pour se rendre à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henri Nouvel — Henri Nouvel, né en 1621 ou 1624 à Pézenas dans l’Hérault (France) et mort en 1701 ou 1702 à la mission Saint François Xavier de la baie des Puants aux États Unis, est un prêtre jésuite. Il a passé quarante ans de sa vie comme missionnaire auprès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Histoire du projet de la Baie James — L histoire du projet de la Baie James couvre une période de 40 ans de l histoire du Québec contemporain. À la fois une infrastructure énergétique destinée à satisfaire aux besoins croissants, un projet de développement économique, ainsi qu un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Catholic Indian Missions of the United States —     Catholic Indian Missions of the United States     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Catholic Indian Missions of the United States     The spiritual welfare of the native tribes of America was a subject of deep concern to the Governments of Catholic… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Huron Indians — • If language may be taken as a fair criterion to go by, the Hurons proper were the original stock from which sprang all the branches of the great Iroquoian family, whether included in the primitive federation of the Five Nations, or standing… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pierre-Joseph-Marie Chaumonot — (March 9, 1611 – February 21, 1693) was a French priest and missionary. A variety of circumstances led to his pursuing a religious path. He completed his studies at the Jesuits’ noviciate in Florence and, after three more years of training, came… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.