Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic


Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

Infobox SSR
name = Russian SFSR
loc-name = Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика
full-name = Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
year_start = 1917
year_end = 1991
p1 = Russian Provisional Government
flag_p1 = Flag of Russia.svg
s1 = Russia
flag_s1 = Flag of Russia 1991-1993.svg



arms = COA Russian SFSR.svg



capital = Moscow
language = Russian
Lang-ISO = ru
established = November 7, 1917
ussr-start = December 30, 1922
ussr-end = December 12 1991
area-rank = 1st
area = 17,075,200
water = 13%
pop-rank = 1st
pop = 147,386,000
density = 8.6
time-zone = + 2 to + 11 (modern Russia is + 3 to + 12)
medals =
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic ( _ru. Росси́йская Сове́тская Федерати́вная Социалисти́ческая Респу́блика [РСФСР] "Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika [RSFSR] "), also called the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, the Russian SFSR and the RSFSR for short, was the largest and most populous of the fifteen Soviet republics of the Soviet Union and became the Russian Federation after the collapse of the Soviet Union. It was by far the largest sub-national entity in the world by area and 2nd in population after Uttar Pradesh, India. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Sichuan, China became the 2nd most populous subnational entity until 1997 when it was divided. The capital was Moscow, also the capital of the Soviet Union.

RSFSR was established on November 7, 1917, and on July 10 1918 the 1918 Constitution was accepted. In English, the term Bolshevist Russia is commonly used for the period 1917–1922. In Russian official documents of the time it was referred to as Russian Republic ( _ru. Российская Республика "Rossiyskaya Respublika") and Soviet Republic (Советская Республика "Sovetskaya Respublika"). RSFSR was only internationally recognized by only a few states, the Irish Republic, Estonia, Finland, Latvia and Lithuania. The four last-mentioned countries recognized the Soviet Russia in the Treaty of Tartu, 1921. The RSFSR became part of the Soviet Union in 1922, an act formalised by the 1924 Soviet Constitution.
Nikita Khrushchev transferred Crimea from the Russian SFSR to the Ukrainian SSR in 1955.

The Congress of Soviets of RSFSR voted to leave the Soviet Union on December 12, 1991. The country was renamed the Russian Federation on December 25.

Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics (ASSRs) within the Russian SFSR

*Bashkir ASSR (1919-90)
*Buryat ASSR (1923-90)
*Crimean ASSR (1921-1945)
*Dagestan ASSR (1921-1991)
*Yakut ASSR (1922-1991)
*Kabardino-Balkar ASSR (1921-1991)
*Kalmyk ASSR (1935-43; 1958-92)
*Karelian ASSR (1923-40; 1956-91)
*Komi ASSR (1921-1993)
*Mari ASSR (1920-1991)
*Mordovian ASSR (1930-1993)
*Northern Ossetian ASSR (1924-1993)
*Udmurt ASSR (1920-1991)
*Volga German ASSR (1918-1941)
*Tatar ASSR (1920-90)
*Chechen-Ingush ASSR (1936-44; 1957-90)
*Chuvash ASSR (1925-90)
*Tuva ASSR (1961-92)
*Kirghiz ASSR (1920-25), then Kazakh ASSR (1925-36)
*Mountain ASSR (1921-24)

External links

*ru icon [http://constitution.garant.ru/DOC_0000810003000.htm Full Texts and All Laws Amending Constitutions of the Russian SFSR]


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