Coalition Against Trafficking in Women

Coalition Against Trafficking in Women
Founded 1988
Website http://www.catwinternational.org/

Coalition Against Trafficking in Women (CATW) is an international non-governmental organization opposing human trafficking, prostitution, and other forms of commercial sex.

Contents

Views

CATW is rooted in a radical feminist point of view. Its definition of 'trafficking' includes all forms of selling or buying bodies of women or children. CATW opposes a distinction between forced and voluntary prostitution as it sees all forms of prostitution as a violation of the dignity of women and violence against them. In this regard, it is strongly opposed to the perspectives of the Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women and the sex workers' rights movement. Aside from prostitution, CATW is opposed to "pornography, sex tourism, and mail-order bride selling."[1] On its website, CATW categorizes sexual exploitation as including sexual harassment, rape, incest and battery.

The Coalition’s proposed solution to the problem of human trafficking and sexual exploitation is to decriminalize the selling of sexual services while criminalizing the buying of sexual services, pimping and trafficking. This approach, sometimes referred to as the "Swedish model" or "Nordic model", has been implemented in Sweden, Norway and Iceland,[2] partly as a result of lobbying by CATW-affiliated activists in those countries. CATW views these laws as successful in combating prostitution and human trafficking and lobbies for the replication of such legislation elsewhere.

CATW also claims to “reject state policies and practices that channel women into conditions of sexual exploitation" … and “provide education and employment opportunities that enhance women’s worth and status”.[1]

History

CATW was founded 1988 as the outcome of a conference titled "Trafficking in Women" organized by several American feminist groups including Women Against Pornography and WHISPER. The leaders of CATW, such as founder Dorchen Leidholdt and co-chair (as of 2007) Norma Ramos were originally leaders of Women Against Pornography.

CATW was the first international non-governmental organization (NGO) working against trafficking and gained consultative status with ECOSOC (UN) in 1989. The CATW has influenced anti-sex industry and anti-trafficking legislation in places all over the world, including the Philippines, Venezuela, Bangladesh, Japan, Sweden and the United States.[1]

Involvement

In 2008, the Coalition supported the campaign to defeat San Francisco's Proposition K, which was a proposition that called for the full decriminalization of prostitution. CATW also encouraged its followers to get television network HBO to stop airing shows like Cathouse, which it claims promote sex trafficking and prostitution[citation needed]. In 2008, CATW held a discussion at the New York City Bar Association on the laws in Sweden and the US governing prostitution and human trafficking entitled, “Abolishing Sex Slavery: From Stockholm to Hunts Point”. The discussion also worked to implement more trafficking laws in Sweden[citation needed].

Structure

The Coalition consists of regional networks and affiliated groups. It is an umbrella organization that is directed by the regional networks. The organization has what it describes as "national coalitions" in countries including the Philippines, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Thailand, Venezuela, Puerto Rico, Chile, Canada, Norway, France and Greece.

After the “Conference on Women Empowering Women: A Human Rights Conference on Trafficking in Asian Women” held in Manila, Philippines in April 1993, CATW created an Asia Pacific chapter. The Australian branch of CATW is also part of the Asia Pacific chapter. The Australian branch is for women only. Other branches can been found in Africa, Europe, Norway, Northern Norway, Latin America and the Caribbean islands.

Tactics

CATW is an organization subscribing to a "low-risk activism," meaning it claims to use tactics that typically do not disrupt the public or otherwise lead to disobedience. It tends to pursue objectives by fundraising to provide safe houses for victims and to purchase other resources. It schedules and attends meetings with the targets of their lobbying efforts (mainly countries which it regards as having lax or no human trafficking laws) and politicians to submit resolutions and enact legislation against sexual exploitation and other forms of human trafficking. It also publicizes its efforts via its Web site and various human rights and anti-human trafficking organizations.

CATW lobbies students and communities all over the globe. It stages "training" sessions for educators, law enforcement and government officials, and community leaders and testifies before national congresses, parliaments, law reform commissions, and regional and United Nations committees.[1]

Campaigns, Programs and Projects

The following is a list and brief description of some of CATW’s global campaigns[1]:

  • Measures to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings – addresses perceived gaps in current anti-trafficking programs and policies with a focus on gender equality, demand and the links between trafficking and prostitution (some participating countries include Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic)
  • The Prevention Project – multi-tiered project to prevent sex trafficking and sexual exploitation by developing standard practices (some participating countries include Italy, Nigeria, Mali, Mexico, the Republic of Georgia)
  • Project to Curb Male Demand for Prostitution (some participating countries include the Baltic Countries, India, the Philippines)
  • Human Rights Documentation Project – conducts training sessions that instruct women’s organizations in what the organization describes as "feminist research methods."

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "An introduction to CATW." Coalition Against Trafficking in Women. http://www.catwinternational.org/about/index.php
  2. ^ [1]

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women — (GAATW) was founded 1994 by several feminist activist, partly in opposition to the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women. GAATWs is an international non governmental organisation (NGO) fighting all forms of trafficking, particularly in women and …   Wikipedia

  • National Coalition Against Domestic Violence — Part of a series on Violence against women …   Wikipedia

  • Croydon Community Against Trafficking — (CCAT) originated in 2004 when a group of local residents were confronted with research that had been released by The Poppy Project (funded by the UK government). The report detailed the scale of prostitution and exploitation across London and… …   Wikipedia

  • Women Against Pornography — (WAP) was a radical feminist activist group based out of New York City and an influential force in the anti pornography movement of the late 1970s and 1980s. WAP was the best known of a number of feminist anti pornography groups that were active… …   Wikipedia

  • Women Against Pornography — WAP (engl. Frauen gegen Pornographie) war eine radikal feministische anti pornographische Aktivistinnengruppe, die 1978 in New York City, USA gegründet wurde. Diese Vereinigung war eine sehr einflussreiche Gruppierung in der Anti Pornographie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Women in Burma — A Burmese woman in traditional garb, c. 1920. Historically, women in Burma (Myanmar) have had a unique social status in Burmese society. According to the research made by Daw Mya Sein, Burmese women for centuries – even before recorded history… …   Wikipedia

  • Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking — (CAST) is a Los Angeles based anti human trafficking organization. Through legal, social, and advocacy services, CAST helps rehabilitate survivors of trafficking, raises awareness, and affects legislation and public policy surrounding human… …   Wikipedia

  • Coalition of Immokalee Workers — The Coalition of Immokalee Workers (CIW) is a non profit organization (calling itself a community based worker organization ) in Immokalee, Florida whose members are largely Latino, Haitian, and Mayan Indian immigrants working in low wage jobs… …   Wikipedia

  • Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 — The Anti Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003, (Republic Acts of the Philippines) R.A. No. 9208, is a consolidation of Senate Bill No. 2444 and House Bill No. 4432. It was enacted and passed by Congress of the Philippines Senate of the Philippines… …   Wikipedia

  • Human trafficking in the Philippines — Human trafficking and the prostitution of children is a significant issue in the Philippines, often controlled by organized crime syndicates. [Citation url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia pacific/6507495.stm date=1 April, 2007 title= Chairman… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.