Department of Environment and Climate Change (New South Wales)
The Department of Environment and Climate Change (formerly Department of Environment and Conservation) (DECC) is the peak environmental regulator in the state of
New South Wales, Australia. DECC is a NSW Government Agency and was created in September 2003 from the merger of:
* the Environment Protection Authority,
* the National Parks and Wildlife Service,
* the Botanic Gardens Trust, and
* Resource NSW.
The Department was renamed in April 2007 to incorporate its climate change responsibilities.
The department is responsible for:
*management of flora and fauna
*promotion of environmentally sustainable consumption and production
*protection of the state's cultural heritage, particularly Aboriginal cultural heritage
*regulation of air and water quality, noise, chemicals, radiation and waste disposal
The organisation has strong links with the Sydney Catchment Authority.
The department is headed by Director-General Lisa Corbyn and is headquartered in
Sydney, with offices across the state.
The NSW Minister for the Environment and Climate Change is
Verity Firth. Phil Koperbergresigned as the Minister on 20th February 2008.
The department consists of eight divisions.
*Strategy, Communication and Governance Division
*Parks and Wildlife Division
*Sustainability Programs Division
*Policy and Science Division
*Cultural Heritage Division
*Environment Protection and Regulation Division
*Corporate Services Division
*Botanic Gardens Trust
Although an agency of the NSW government, the department includes a number of independent boards and committees. The management of the Botanic Gardens is overseen by the Botanic Gardens Trust. The powers of the Environment Protection Authority - exercised by the department, sometimes to investigate or prosecute government agencies - are formally vested in an independent board.
Threatened species determinations are made by an Independent Scientific Committee. A number of advisory councils have been established to allow community members to have a say in the management of parks and reserves.
The department and its predecessor, the Environment Protection Authority, have run a number of highly-publicised campaigns on pollution-related issues, many of them in conjunction with local government. Priority areas have included keeping stormwater clean, monitoring water pollution at ocean and harbour beaches, litter reduction and air quality management.
Parks and Wildlife
The Parks and Wildlife division is referred to in the department's external communications by its pre-merger name, the National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS). The NPWS manages over 660 protected areas in the state, including
Kosciuszko National Park, Sydney Harbour National Park, Royal National Parkand the Blue Mountains National Park.
With the national parks estate covering around 10 per cent of New South Wales, the department is a significant player in debates over land management in the state. The NPWS has a significant amount of responsibility for fire management in the state, and is often the target of criticism when Sydney - the so-called "city in a national park" - is threatened by bushfire.
As a land manager, the NPWS must also address pest management issues. The status of wild horses in Kosciuszko National Park and deer in Royal National Park is particularly contested, with many park users viewing these introduced species as having heritage value.
The New South Wales Labor government under
Bob Carrsought to significantly increase the size of the national parks estate. This was despite funding constraints, meaning that funding per unit area has fallen in recent years. A large number of parks and reserves in the NPWS estate lack detailed plans of management and fire management strategiesFact|date=May 2007.
Botanic Gardens Trust
The department is mirrored at a national level by the
Department of the Environment and Heritage. Some protected areas in metropolitan Sydney are protected by other agencies, including local councils, the Centennial Park Trust, the Sydney Olympic ParkTrust, and the Australian Government's Sydney Harbour Federation Trust. Elsewhere in the state are protected areas managed by the Marine Parks Authority of New South Walesand the State Parks of New South Wales.
* [http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/ Official website]
* [http://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/ National parks website]
* [http://www.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/ Botanic Gardens Trust website]
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