North Paravur

Paravur
—  suburb  —
Paravur
Location of Paravur
in Kerala and India
Coordinates 10°09′N 76°14′E / 10.15°N 76.23°E / 10.15; 76.23Coordinates: 10°09′N 76°14′E / 10.15°N 76.23°E / 10.15; 76.23
Country India
State Kerala
District(s) Ernakulam
Population 30,056 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area

Elevation


13 metres (43 ft)

Website [http://North Paravur North Paravur]

North Paravur (Malayalam :വടക്കൻ പറവൂർ, also Paravur, Paravoor) formerly known as Parur is a town, municipality in Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is an old and growing municipality. Paravur is the capital of Paravur Taluk in Ernakulam district. Though considered a part of Kochi for all practical purposes, the town is 17 km away from Edappally in city of Kochi. The ancient seaport of India Muziris is located in Pattanam village 3 km away from town.[1] It is a northern suburb of Kochi City.

Contents

Overview

The coastal highway NH-17 Ernakulam – Manglore- Mumbai (Proposed NH-66 Panvel-Kanyakumari) passes through this town. The National Waterway – 3 KollamErnakulam – Kottapuram passes through the western end of the taluk. North Paravur is considered as the gateway to Cherai beach which is 6 km away from Paravur town.

This town had been an old trading post and has a Jewish synagogue and had a thriving Jewish community before their conversion to Syrian Christians in the first century and their resettlement in Israel after its establishment. Cochin Jews lived in the towns of Kochi, Ernakulam and North Paravur.

The various denominations of modern Saint Thomas Christians ascribe their unwritten tradition to the end of the 2nd century and believe that Thomas landed at Maliankara near Moothakunnam village in Paravur Taluk in AD 52. In AD 52 (St. Thomas) founded the churches popularly known as 'Ezharappallikal'(seven and half churches). These churches are at Kodungallur, Kottakkaavu North Paravur, Kollam, Niranam, Nilackal (Chayal), Kokkamangalam, Palayoor (Chattukulangara) and Thiruvithamkode — the half church.

History

Paravur is one of the 64 villages built by Parashurama. Paravur was under the administration of Paravur king. Paravur king was joined hands with Kochi and was under the country of Kochi, but later Paravur was transferred to the Travancore area as part of an agreement. The taluk was divided in to Paravur and Alengad. Alengad comprised most parts of present day Aluva taluk. Muziris in Pattanam was the centre of Indian spice trade for many centuries, and was known to the Yavanas (Greeks) as well as Romans, Jews, Arabs, and Chinese since ancient times. Kochi rose to significance as a trading centre after the port at Muziris destroyed by massive flooding of the river Periyar in 1341. It was told till that time the Periyar River had a width of Cherai to Muambam. The mud and sand literally destroyed this natural port and the whole City along with its wealth went below the mud and sand.

Chendamangalam a historical place is also in Paravur. Chendamangalam was the place of Paliath Achans who was the minister of Kochi kings. There is a palace of paliath family in Chendamangalam. Chavara monastery was in Koonamav. North Paravur municipality is one among the former municipalities in Ernakulam District. Today it is a populated residential town in Ernakulam district.

Geography

Paravur is located at 8.78° N 76.7° E[1]. It has an average elevation of 10 metres (32 feet). The town is situated at north end of Ernakulam district and bordering with Thrissur district. The towns in Thrissur district like Kodungallore, Mala, Chalakudy and the towns Kalamassery, Aluva, Angamaly, Vypin island are located near to this town. The Paravur Taluk lies in the flat delta region of the Periyar river and cut by several canals, which have resulted in the formation of many islands. The Kodungalloor Kayal (backwaters) and Varappuzha Kayal (backwaters) are in this taluk.

Neighbouring cities & towns

The western parts of taluk are coastal areas with cultivations like prawn and pokkali rice. The eastern parts are fertile lands.

Economy

Paravur was once famous in the district for its traditional industries like coir, handlooms and agriculture. Now it's changing to a major residential suburb of Cochin where people looking jobs in city. The Eloor-Edayar industrial belt is in Paravur Taluk.

Civic administration

North Paravur is the headquarters of Paravur Taluk and Paravur, Kalamassery State Assembly constituencies. North Paravur and Eloor are Municipalities in Paravur Taluk. The Grama Panchayats in Paravur Taluk are Alengad, Chendamangalam, Chittatukara, Ezhikkara, Kadungalloor, Karumalore, Kottuvally, Kunnukara, Puthanvelikkara, VadakkekaraAnd Varappuzha. The Block Panchayats are Paravur and Alengad.

Paravur, Kalamassery Assembly constituencies belong to Ernakulam (Lok Sabha constituency)constituency represented by K.V.Thomas.[2] V.D Satheesan is the M.L.A of Paravur from 2001. North Paravur is the seat of Ernakulam Additional District court. Other courts are Munsif, Magistrate. There is Sales Tax, Supplies, Sub Treasury offices in Paravur. Paravur civil station is located in Kacheri compound.In India electronic Voting Machines ("EVM")were first used in 1982 in the by-election to North Paravur Assembly Constituency of Kerala for a limited number of polling stations (50 polling stations).[1]

Police Stations in taluk area

  • Paravur Circle

Paravur Station, Varapuzha Station

  • Vadakkekara Circle

Vadakkekara Station, Puthenvelikkara Station

  • Eloor area

Binanipuram Station,Eloor Station

  • Alengad Station
  • Fire Service

Paravur Fire Station, FACT Eloor

Transport

KL-42 is the RTO code for Paravur Taluk, Vypin and North Paravur. Paravur JRTO is situated at Perumbadana. There is a KSRTC Subdepot, Private Limited Stop bus stand and a Private bus stand in the town conducting services to all important places of Kerala. There is frequent bus services to Ernakulam, Aluva, Kodungallore, Guruvayur, Thrissur etc. from here. There is also night services from & towards Kottayam, Pala, Hilly areas of Kannur and Kasaragod districts, Wayanad operated by private buses. The nearest railway station is Aluva 16 km away. The Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery is about 20 km away from the town. There is frequent boats and ferry services in the nearby rivers and lagoons.

Important roads

An art form called Chavittu Natakam is popular in Gothuruth. Every year boat races are organised in different parts of Paravur and major one is North Paravur boat race. Paravur is famous for tug of wars. Volley ball is apopular game in Paravur. There is a municipal stadium in Paravur and FACT ground in Eloor. Plans are there to built a swimming pond in taluk. There is a municipal park in Pullamkulam, near to Peruvaram which is well maintained.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[3] Paravur had a population of 30,056. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Paravur has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 84%. In Paravur, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The majority of residents of North Paravur, are Malayalis; however, there are significant ethnic minority communities including Konkanis, Tamils and Tuluvas living in Paravur for more than 200 years.

Agriculture

Pokkali Cyclic Paddy Cultivation Method was widely used

North Paravur historically practiced the Pokkali Cyclic Paddy Cultivation Method. After the harvest, the decaying stubbles of the paddy serve as food for the prawns and likewise the prawn excreta make the field fertile. No pesticides or fertilizers are used in the fields, in contrast to other prevalent farming practices.

As in other areas of Kerala, paddy fields are widely being reclaimed in North Paravur. Once there were acres of fine wet paddy fields. Pokkali paddy-cum-prawn farming (cyclic farming method) was the traditional practice for farming. This farming method may be one of the most eco-friendly of all farming practices in the world. But once the paddy fields fell into neglect, they became infertile for many years. Eventually those infertile fields were reclaimed and sold for huge profits.

Education

Education Institutions

Professional colleges

  • Sree Narayana Medical College, Chalaka,'North Paravur' SNIMS Portal
  • SNMIMT Engineering college, Maliankara'North Paravur' ,SNMIMT Portal
  • Matha College of Technology,Manakkapady 'North Paravur',Holymatha Portal
  • SNGIST Professional College, Manjaly,'North Paravur' SNGIST Portal
  • MES Professional College, Kunnukara,'North Paravur'
  • Holymatha College of engineering,Manakkapady, 'N.Paravur'

Colleges

  • SNM College, Maliankara,'North Paravur' (Aided)
  • Kesari Arts & Science College,Kesari road,(NH)'North Paravur'
  • Sree Narayana Arts & Science College, Kedamangalam, 'North Paravur'
  • Presentation college, Puthanvelikara,'North Paravur' Presentation college portal
  • IHRD College,, Puthanvelikara,'North Paravur'
  • Mar Gregorious Arts & Science College, 'North Paravur'
  • CAPE College(Proposed),'North Paravur'
  • Lakshmi College 'North Paravur',parallel college with more than three thousand students.

Teaching

  • SNM Training College, Moothakunnam 'North Paravur'(Aided) SNM Training College Portal
  • SNM TTI,Moothakunnam,'North Paravur'
  • HDPY B.Ed College, Mattupuram,'North Paravur'

ITC

  • SNM ITC Moothakunnam, 'North Paravur'
  • Chavara ITC Koonamavu,
  • Ghadi Gramaudyog Bhavan, Nanthiyaattkunnam

Nursing

  • Donbosco, Fort road, 'North Paravur'

Major Schools CBSE

  • Infant Jesus Senior Secondary School,Kurumthottiparamb,'North Paravur'
  • Holy India Group,(town)& Kaitharam, 'North Paravur'. HI Portal
  • Adarsha Vidya Bhavan Senior Secondary School, Nanthiyaattkunnam, North Paravur
  • MES Central School,Kunnukara
  • MES Central School,Eloor
  • Toc-H School,Eloor
  • Little Hearts, Kizhkepram,Paravur
  • HDPY Andipillykavu.
  • NSS Puthenvelikkara
  • Alengad Jamath
  • Kadungallur school
  • Mar Gregorious, Paravur

State Schools come under Paravur Sub-educational district Higher Secondary

  • Paravur Govt. Boys, Govt. Girls HSS, Municipal Jn.,North Paravur
  • Paravur SN HSS Pullamkulam,North Paravur
  • Paravur SNV Sanskrit HSS, Nanthiatukunnam,North Paravur
  • SNM HSS, Moothakunnam
  • Kottuvalikkad HSS,Maliankara
  • VCS HSS, Puthenvelikkara
  • Paliyam Govt. HSS, Chenamangalam
  • Govt. HSS, Ezhikkara
  • Govt Vocational HSS Kaitharam,Kottuvally
  • Govt. HSS, Kongorpilly
  • HSS Koonamavu
  • St.Sebastians HSS,Gothuruth

High School

  • St.Aloysius HS ,Kottakavu NH, Paravur
  • Samooham HS, Republic road, Paravur
  • Maria Theresa Scrilli Public School, T.B.road, North Paravur(Unaided)
  • FMCT HS, Karumallore
  • Elenthikara HS
  • Islamic school, Mannam, Paravur

Hospitals

  • Paravur Taluk Government Hospital, Main road, Paravur
  • Paravur Taluk Government Ayurveda Hospital, Thoniyakav, Paravur
  • ESI Hospital, Pathalam, Eloor
  • Sree Narayana Medical College, Chalaka,'Paravur'
  • Donbosco Hospital, NH, Paravur (Kottapuram Diocese)
  • Paravur Government Homeo Hospital, Peruvaram, Paravur
  • KMK Hospital, KMK Junction, Paravur
  • SanthiHospital, Canal road, Paravur
  • Chaitanya Nursing Home
  • Bharat Rural Hospital And Training Center, Kuriapilly South, Madaplathuruth
  • R.K Hospital, Thuruthippuram
  • Shaji Hospital, Paravur

Religious

The reason for so many temples in the region is attributed to the influence of Travancore State and Cochin State rulers who ruled North Paravur for many years. Also at different points in history, Karnataka Brahmins, Tamil Brahmins and GSB Brahmins came to this town, settled here and constructed temples for themselves and for their workers who spoke same or similar languages.

TEMPLES

Major Temples in the taluk

  • Dakshina Mookambika Temple North Paravur- One of the most important Saraswathy temples in Kerala
  • Peruvaram Mahadeva Temple,Paravur.
  • Kalikulangara Temple,Nanthiattukunam,Paravur: Famous for Thendu. Administerd by Sivagiri Trust.
  • Veluthattamma Temple,Kedamangalam,Paravur(Famous for a ritual called Muttu to predict uncertainties related to marriage, career etc.).
  • Kannankulangara Sreekrishna Temple,Paravur.
  • Chakkumarassery Sree kumara Ganesha Mangalam Temple, N.Paravur
  • Sree Sankaranarayana Temple ,Moothakunnam
  • Thiravallur Shiva Temple,Alangad,Paravur.
  • Uliyannur temple, Built by Perunthachan,Uliyanur,Kadungallur
  • Sree Venugopalaswami temple, Chennamangalam.
  • Ayyappa Temple ,Kottakkakam, Temple of Paravur King
  • Kadungallur Narasimhaswami Temple
  • Kottuvallikavu temple,Valluvally, Paravur
  • Thonniakavu Bhadrakali Temple,Paravur.
  • Subramanya Swami Temple ,Mannam,Paravur.
  • Markandeya Temple ( one of the few Shiva temples dedicated to chiranjeevi Markandeya).
  • Malavana Siva Temple,Elenthikara,Paravur. (at the end of Chalakudy river)
  • Thirumuppam Siva temple,Varapuzha,Paravur
  • Chendamangalam Siva temple
  • Neeleeswarm Siva Temple, Pattanam
  • Thrikkapuram Devi Temple , Thrikkapuram Jn. Kottuvally,Paravur
  • Pazhanghat Sri Kaleeswari Temple, Pazhangattuveli, kaitharam, N Paravoor
  • Sree Sastha Temple, Vavakadu
  • Bhuvaneshvari Devi Temple, Thiruthipuram

CHURCHES

Major churches in taluk

  • Paravur Kottakavu Church (built by St.Thomas in A.D 52)
Kottakavu Church-(built by St.Thomas)
  • Alengad Kunnel Church
  • Gothuruth St.Sebastians Church
  • Chettikad church
  • Little Flower church, Koottukad
  • Holy Cross Church, Kadalvathuruth
  • Vyakulambika matha Church, Pattanam
  • Pallipuram Church
  • Munambam Church
  • St. Joseph Church, Manakkappady
  • Holy Cross Church, Chednamangalam
  • St. Antony Church, Cheriapilly
  • Kottuvally Church
  • Arogyamatha church, kedamangalam
  • Ezhikara church
  • St. Vincent Ferrar church,Chathanad
  • Cotholengo Church, Paravur,
  • St.Germian's church, Paravur
  • Koonamavu church
  • Varapuzha Church
  • Paravur DonBosco Church
  • St. Thomas Church North Paravur(Tomb of St.Gregorios of Jerusalem)
  • St.Louis Church, Thuruthippuram
  • St.George Church, Madaplathuruth
  • Unnimisiha Chapel, Madaplathuruth one of the ancient chapel in this area
  • St. Sebastian Chappel, Paruvathuruth

MOSQUES

  • Paravur Juma Masjid
  • Paravur Pattalam Juma Masjid
  • Manjaly Juma Masjid
  • Kattenellure Munavarsha Thangal Masjid
  • Kadungallur Juma Masjid
  • Eloor Juma Masjid
  • Kaimalthuruth Juma Maslid
  • Kottayilkovilakam Juma Masjid

IMPORTANT FAIRS AND FESTIVALS

  • Dhukrono of the Saint Gregorios Abdul Jaleel from 23rd to 27th of April at St. Thomas Church North Paravur which is also known as Bava Sratha Perunnaal.During these days, the North Paravur is declared as a festival area by the Kerala government considering the large flow of pilgrims.
  • The feast of [St. Threasa] on first sunday of October at [Little Flower Church, koottukad]
  • Paravur Mookambika Navarathri festival
  • Kalikulangara valiyavilka fest
  • Moothakunam temple fest
  • Unnimisiha Chapel, Madaplathuruth, feast of Infant Jesus.
  • Chakkumarassery Temple Fest
  • The feast of Thomas the Apostle on July 3rd at St. Thomas Church Kottakkavu, North Paravur
  • The feast of [St. threasa]on first sunday of October at [Little Flower Church, koottukad]
  • Gothuruth Vallam kali (snake boat race)
  • Paravur Vallam kali (snake boat race)
  • Youth Festival of Paravur sub district.

Places of interest in taluk

Media in Paravur taluk

All Major Malayalam newspapers have bureaux in Paravur, Varapuzha or Eloor. Paravur press club is situated at alinchuvad N.Paravur. Local television stations in Paravur includes Paravur Cable Vision(Chakumassery) & Kerala Vision Manjumel, Asianet Cable Vision(Pottenstreet), LG Vision Manjaly, City Channel(Perumbadana&Cherai).

Localities in Paravur

These are the localities or wards in Paravur Municipality. Nanthiattukunnam, Perumbadana, Kedamangalam, Peruvaram, Vazhikulangara, Kizhkepram, Vedimara, Pullamkulam, Vaniyakkad, Nandikulangara, Paravoothara, Pallamthuruth, Mattumal, Poosaripady, Market. Town:KMK Jn|Potten street, Mookambi, Municipal, Kacheripady|Court, Chendamangalam Jn, Thekkenaluvazhi, Thoniyakav, Kurunthotiparamb, Kannankulangara, Pvt. Busstand(Old boatjetty), Firestation, Kesari.

Nearby Towns and Cities

Cities

Towns

See also

External links

References


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