Chach Nama (Sindhi: چچ نامو) also known as the Fateh nama Sindh (Sindhi: فتح نامه سنڌ),and also known as Tarekh-e-Hind wa Sindh Arabic (تاريخ الهند والسند ) is a book about the history of Sindh, chronicling the Chacha Dynasty's period, following the demise of the Rai Dynasty and the ascent of Chach of Alor to the throne, down to the Arab conquest by Muhammad bin Qasim.
The Chach Nama was written by Kàzí Ismáíl . Kází Ismàíl was appointed the first Kází of Alór by Muhammad Kásim after the conquest of the place .
“ Sakifís—The Kàzís of Bakhar and Alór or Rohrí are descended from Músá son of Yaakúb son of Táí son of Muhammad son of Shaibán, son of Usman Sakifí. The author of the conquest of Sind in Arabic, from which Chachnámah was translated, Kàzí Ismáíl son of Alí son of Muhammad son of Músá, son of Táí, is one of the descendants of the same line. Músá son of Yaakúb was the grandson of this gentleman Kází Ismàíl and was appointed the first Kází of Alór by Muhammad Kásim after the conquest of the place  ”
It was translated into Persian by Muhammad Ali bin Hamid bin Abu Bakr Kufi in 1216 CE. from an earlier Arabic text. At one time it was considered to be a romance until Mountstuart Elphinstone's observations of its historical veracity. The original work in Arabic is believed to have been composed by the Sakifí family, the kinsmen of Muhammad bin Qasim.
The sources of Sakifi collections may be classified as follows:—
- Arab historical lays, and ballads.
- Family traditions of the Sakifís, recorded and unrecorded.
- Stories told by individuals whose names were forthcoming.
- Stories traceable to individuals of a certain caste, e.g., Brahmins.
- Hearsay and apochryphal stories.
- The correspondence between Muhammad Kásim and Hajjáj.
The Táríkh Maasúmí, and the Tuhfatulkirám are two other Muslim histories of the same period and on occasion give differing accounts of some details. Later Muslim chronicles like those by Nizam-ud din Ahmad, Nuru-l Hakk, Firishta, and the Mir Ma'sum draw their account of the Arab conquest from the Chach-Nama.
While Kufi is also seen as having employed some "Purple prose" he is regarded as having accurately translated the bulk of the Arabic material as well attributing the sources of information, whether they are from individuals or even "tradition".
As a historical narrative the account is seen as a valuable record of events such as the social, political and historical geography of the region at the time, while containing the natural bias of the Sakifi family as well as the inherent inaccuracies and embellishments of popular tradition.
- The Chach-nama. English translation by Mirza Kalichbeg Fredunbeg. Delhi Reprint, 1979.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Chandra (Chach Nama) — Chandra or Chandar(671 679 ) succeeded his brother chach and became throne of Alor, Sindh 671AD History In the Chach Nama, Brahmin chach became king to marry with widow of Rai Sahasi,the king of Alor,Sindh. Then chach call his brother… … Wikipedia
Chach of Alor — Chach (610 682) is the name of the Brahmin Chamberlain and Secretary to Rai Sahasi the Second, of the Rai Dynasty who succeeded him to the throne of Sindh. The history of Chach is related in the Chach Nama as part of the history of Sind.… … Wikipedia
Chach (disambiguation) — Chach may refer to: Chach, the historic principality south of the Syr Darya River in Uzbekistan and the modern day location of Tashkent, the capital Chach of Alor, a historic ruler of Sindh Chach Nama, a book about the history of Sindh Chach… … Wikipedia
Dahir (Raja) — Raja Dahir Raja Raja Dahir Full name Dahir Sen Born 661 AD … Wikipedia
Muhammad bin Qasim — Imád uddín Muhammad bin Qasim bin Yusuf Sakifi Muhammad Bin Qasim leading his troops in battle Born 31 December 695 Ta’if … Wikipedia
Rai Dynasty — The Rai Dynasty rulers of Sindh were patrons of Buddhism even though they also established a huge temple of Shiva in present day Sukkur, derived from original Shankar, close to their capital in Al ror. Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja … Wikipedia
Cheema — For a list of Cheema Villages, see Cheema Villages. Jat Clan: Cheema Distribution Punjab (Pakistan), Punjab (India), Haryana and Rajasthan Religion Sikhism, Islam … Wikipedia
Jat people in Islamic History — The Jat people and Meds have been the oldest occupants of Sind. The first Persian account of the 11th century Mujmat ut Tawarikh (1026), originally an ancient work in Sanskrit, mentions Jats and Meds as the ancient tribe of Sind and calls them… … Wikipedia
Raja Sahasi II — Raja Sahasi II, was the last Rajput ruler of SindFact|date=February 2007 his empire extended up to Kashmir and he believed in Buddhism as did his father Siharus. The rule of Raja Sahasi II ended in 632 A.D. He was succeeded by his Hindu Brahmin… … Wikipedia
Matta (chief) — Mahattah, or Matta, was the Rajput chief and later feudatory of Siwistan. He ruled from Sehwan Sharif, in the Sindh region, in the 7th century CE. Life Matta, a member of the Ra i family, lived in the 7th century CE, and was chief of… … Wikipedia