Soviet Union, North Korea, China
World war II, Korean War, Chinese Civil War
Sergei Gavrilovich Simonov
variants= General specifications
velocity=1,012 m/s (3,319 ft/s)
The PTRS-41 is the semi-automatic cousin of the
PTRD anti-tank rifle.
In the years between the World Wars, the Soviet Union began experimenting with different types of armour-piercing anti-tank cartridges. Finding the
12.7x108mminsufficient, they began development of what would become the 14.5x114mm armor piercing round. Famous Sovietweapons designers such as Vasily Degtyaryovand Sergei Gavrilovich Simonovdesigned rifles to accommodate this cartridge. In 1938, Simonov designed the PTRS-41, a magazine fed, anti-tank rifle with a scaled down version of it becoming the SKSrifle.
The five round clip was loaded into the receiver and held under pressure by a swing magazine under the receiver. On firing the last round the bolt is held open, and the magazine release catch can only be operated when the bolt is locked back. The PTRS is gas operated. It has a tendency to jam when dirty, and the 14.5 mm cartridge produces significant residue, blocking the gas port. The 14.5 mm armour-piercing bullet had a muzzle velocity of 1012 m/s and good ballistics. It could penetrate an armour plate up to 40 mm thick at a distance of 100 meters.
The rifle entered mass production in
1941and was widely used on the Eastern front in World War II. While it was heavy and had a terrible muzzle flash, it was a cheap and simple weapon, thus ensuring its place in the Soviet arsenal. It performed well against early German tanks, but was more useful in attacking supply trucks and other soft-skinned vehicles once the armour thickened on the German tanks.
The 14.5 mm antitank rifles were put to a variety of other uses. Besides tanks and armoured vehicles, they were used to destroy mortars, gun, and
machine gunemplacements, some ambitious gunners even shot at aircraft.
During World War II, a number of these rifles were captured by the Germans and used by them. The Germans used the designation Panzerbüchse 784(r) or PzB 784(r).
The PTRS and rifles like it were given to the Chinese and
North Koreans during the Korean War, where they were used against light tanks and other vehicles as well as serving as long range sniper rifles.
* [http://www.antitank.co.uk/ptrs.htm The PTRS 1941 14.5mm]
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