Lanao del Norte


Lanao del Norte

Infobox Philippine province
name = Lanao del Norte
sealfile = Ph_seal_lanao_del_norte.png region = Northern Mindanao (Region X)
capital = Tubod
founded = June 6, 1952
pop2000 = 836,329
pop2000rank = 3nd highest in Region X
popden2000 = 270
popden2000rank = 2nd lowest in Region X
areakm2 = 3,092.0
arearank = 43rd largest
hucities = 1
componentcities = 0
municipalities = 22
barangays = 506
districts = 2
languages = Cebuano, Maranao
governor = Hon. Khalid Quibranza-Dimaporo (Lakas-CMD)
locatormapfile = Ph_locator_map_lanao_del_norte.png

Lanao del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Tubod. The province borders Lanao del Sur to the south, Zamboanga del Sur to the west, Misamis Oriental to the northeast, Bukidnon to the east, and is separated from Misamis Occidental by Iligan Bay. According to the new 2007 census, the province has the total population of 836,329.

People and culture

The people in Lanao del Norte are a mixture of Maranaos and Cebuanos. Historically, immigrants who came from the Christian provinces of Mindanao, Visayas and Luzon tended to settle in the Northern part of Lanao while the Maranaos concentrated in the south. There are also a minority of Higaunons settling in the hinterlands of Iligan City.

Lanao del Norte is a predominantly Christian province (almost 75%), with a minority of practitioners of Islam (almost 20%).

The Maranaos is a tribe of Malay-Arabic descent. They settled in the area long before the advent of the Spaniards in the Philippines. They possess their own culture and civilization which makes them quite unique. Their language, customs, traditions, religion, social system, costumes, music, and other features are factors that make Lanao peculiar and distinct from other Philippine provinces.

Economy

The economy in Lanao del Norte are predominantly agriculture and fishing. They had also factories that are mostly based in Iligan City. Lanao del Norte is also the home of Agus Power plants 4, 6, and 7 that stretches from Baloi to Iligan City. It serves as the power supply in some parts of Mindanao. Tourism is also a growing economy in the province.

Geography

Political

Lanao del Norte is subdivided into 22 municipalities and 1 city.

City

*Iligan City

Municipalities


*Bacolod
*Baloi
*Baroy
*Kapatagan
*Kauswagan
*Kolambugan
*Lala
*Linamon
*Magsaysay
*Maigo
*Matungao

*Munai
*Nunungan
*Pantao Ragat
*Pantar
*Poona Piagapo
*Salvador
*Sapad
*Sultan Naga Dimaporo (Karomatan)
*Tagoloan
*Tangcal
*Tubod

Physical

Lanao del Norte is a rugged province that ranges from the coastal shorelines in the north to the high plateaus and mountains in the south. It has also a dominant flora and fauna in the province.

History

The term Lanao is derived from a Maranao word “Ranao” meaning a body of water. “Maranao” means lake dweller. They are the natives of the place occupying the land around Lake Lanao, which is situated at the central part of Lanao del Sur. Lanao, applies to the entire area before its division. When it was divided into two provinces, the southern portion became Lanao del Sur and the northern part became Lanao del Norte.

Dansalan, Marawi City’s old name, was explored by the Spaniards as early as 1639. It is said that at that time, Marawi was already the citadel of Malayan-Arabic culture in Mindanao. Feeling the pulse of strong refusal among its inhabitants to adopt Christianity, the Spaniards abandoned the project of colonizing the area. Dansalan, physically speaking, would have satisfactorily qualified to become a town or municipality during the time of said exploration based on the Spanish Policy of “Ecclesiastical Administration” except for one factor - religion.

Attempts were made later by foreigners to capture Lanao but fierce and fanatical resistance of the Maranaos to colonial rule made the planting of Christianity in Dansalan an unfulfilled desire.

A strong Spanish expedition to conquer the Maranaos was fielded in 1891 during the time of Governor General Valeriano Wayler, but this force was driven back to Iligan after failing to capture Dansalan. In 1895, Governor General Blanco sent a stronger force to take Marawi. Superior firepower forced the Dansalan defenders to leave the place. Here the conquerors established the garrison that remained until the outbreak of the Spanish – American War in 1898. Spain claimed this event as its victory but the verdict of history reveled that while the Spaniards were able to erect a garrison in Dansalan, they failed to conquer its people who stubbornly refused to adhere to the colonial yoke of Spain. Muslim religion and Maranao culture remained intact and untarnished up to these days.

On May 24, 1904, the American Colonial Government proclaimed Dansalan a regular Municipality. The Philippines was still under the Commonwealth regime of the Americans when Dansalan was chartered into a city in 1904, In 1942, the Japanese troops occupied in Northern Lanao, in 1945, founded in the Battle of Lanao the defenders of the Philippine Commonwealth troops and Maranao guerrillas used the Weapons and the Maranao Kampilan and Kris swords fighted to the Japanese forces under defeated during World War II, but World War II delayed its inauguration to September 30, 1950 and renamed as Marawi City.

Republic Act No. 2228 divided Lanao in to two (2) provinces giving birth to Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur. The new province was inaugurated on July 4, 1959 making Iligan City as the capital. The Salvador T. Lluch was the first Governor. The second was Honorable Mohammad Ali Dimaporo, from January 1960 to September 1965 when Governor Dimaporo ran and won the congressional seat of the province. By operation of the law of succession, the Honorable Vice Governor Arsenio A. Quibranza became the third Provincial Chief Executive. By mandate of his people, Governor Quibranza was elected Governor in 1967 and almost unanimously was re-elected in 1971 and again in 1980.

In 1977, President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed Resolution No. 805 series of 1977 of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan (Parliamentary Bill No. 586) sponsored by Assemblyman Abdullah D. Dimaporo, into Presidential Decree 181 transferring the province's capital from Iligan City to the municipality of Tubod.

In October 1984, inaugural ceremonies were held to celebrate the occasion of the transfer of the Provincial Capitol from Poblacion, Tubod to the Don Mariano Marcos Government Center (now Governor Arsenio A. Quibranza Provincial Government Center) at Pigcarangan, Tubod, Lanao del Norte.

By virtue of the power and impact of the People’s Power Revolution at Edsa, Manila on February 25, 1986, local government all over the Philippines changed the political atmosphere overnight. Lanao del Norte became one among the many provinces affected by the sudden changes brought by the “Snap Election” on February 1986. Local heads of offices and employees particularly those holding political positions were destabilized but with the installation of President Corazon Aquino as president, OIC Atty. Francisco L. Abalos became the appointed governor of the province on March 3, 1986. On February 2, 1988, Atty. Abalos was elected as governor of the province.

In the Synchronized National Election of May 11, 1992, Congressman Abdullah D. Dimaporo, a legislator and economist, was elected Provincial Governor. The Provincial government embarked on a comprehensive planning and set the groundwork for the development of the province

In the 1998 national and local elections, Imelda Quibranza-Dimaporo, wife of Governor Abdullah. D. Dimaporo was elected as Provincial Governor. Despite the outbreak of the conflict of the MILF and the GRP in Kauswagan, Lanao del Norte last March 2000, through the provincial government's effort, peace and order was restored in the province.

The Provincial Government was also able to bring the province into the limelight with full media coverage, through the hosting of the First Mindanao Friendship Games at the Mindanao Civic Center in Tubod, Lanao del Norte last November 11-15, 2001. Participants came from all over Mindanao representing the various LGUs in the island. The event was opened by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.

External links

* [http://elgu.ncc.gov.ph/ecommunity/lanaodelnorte/ Official Website]
* [http://www.lanaonorte.com.ph Province of Lanao Norte Website]
* [http://www.onlinemindanao.com/travel/travel%20lanao%20del%20norte.html Lanao del Norte: Places to Visit]


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